Practical Applications of Biotechnology. Bioprocessing technology Uses whole living cells or components of them to manufacture desired products. Most common whole cells used are yeast and bacteria (one-celled organisms).
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Uses whole living cells or components of them to manufacture desired products.
Most common whole cells used are yeast and bacteria (one-celled organisms).
Most common components are enzymes (proteins that catalyze chemical reactions).
Cells isolated from animals and plants also are used to produce desired products.
2. Genetic engineering
1. Agricultural applications — better crops, improved animal health
2. Medical and health care applications — new tests, vaccines, medicines
3. Chemical and environmental applications — better manufacturing processes and consumer products
1. Agricultural applications — crops and forest
confer resistance to insects, tolerance
to herbicides and resistance to environmental
stresses (drought, heat, cold).
demand for wood products.
1. Agricultural applications — improve animal health
2. Medical and Health Care
Example: quick test for strep throat
Examples: diabetes, stroke, anemia, cystic fibrosis,
hemophilia, leukemia and other cancers; hepatitis;
rheumatoid arthritis; growth deficiencies; transplant rejection
3. Chemical and Environmental
Applications (Industrial Biotechnology)
break down industrial waste.