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The Guinea Coast. A Presentation by: Lisa Rickert, Jennifer Angelacos, Minh Nguyen, David Reinert, Erin Evans-Fudem, Carrie Guilfoyle, Christina Kado, Jeff Nelson, Bjorn Snider, Adam McKinley, Ryan Kaplan . MAP. Guinea Coast. Political and economic woes.

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The guinea coast l.jpg

The Guinea Coast

A Presentation by:

Lisa Rickert, Jennifer Angelacos,

Minh Nguyen, David Reinert,

Erin Evans-Fudem, Carrie Guilfoyle, Christina Kado, Jeff Nelson, Bjorn Snider, Adam McKinley, Ryan Kaplan



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Guinea Coast

  • Political and economic woes.

  • Uses ancient and traditional music as a way to pass on oral traditions and histories.

  • Trans-Atlantic Slave trade.

  • Flourishing of Guinea Black kingdoms.


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Instruments

  • Talking Drums - Imitates speech and sends messages.

  • By putting pressure on middle of drum, the musician reproduces notes that correspond to the words that he is transmitting.


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Instruments

  • Doundouns - set of three cylindrical drums of different sizes carved of wood.

  • Can be played vertically or horizontally with a stick.

  • Doundounba, Sangban, and Kenkini.


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Instruments

  • Balafon - ancestor of the xylophone.

  • Wood bars on wooden frame. Under each bar is a calabash used as a resonator.

  • Each gourd is pierced with holes which vibrates with each note played.

  • Gourds and bars are tuned to each other.


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Instruments

  • Boloye - is made of a long wooden neck tied to a big gourd.

  • The musician pinches the string with his right hand fingers or strums with a small piece of wood, giving a bass sound, while he hits the gourd with his left hand usually wearing a ring.

  • Used in Senufo in Northern Ivory Coast.


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Instruments

  • Shekeres - Gourd with beads tied around it.

  • When moving the gourd, the beads slide and make a shaking, rattling type of sound.


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Instruments

  • Alghaita - double reed, similar to the oboe.

  • Wooden body, metal tubing with four holes.

  • The Hausa in Nigeria play this instrument.


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Traditional Music

  • Performances of traditional music are used in many tribes for social reasons.

  • Some of these events are weddings, naming ceremonies, and royal processions.

  • Also for private occasions: lullabies, play songs, or work songs.

  • Children are taught at a young age to play music.



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Traditional Music Samples

  • Play Dogumbo Song (“Sandema”)

    From CD: Ghana Ancient Ceremonies Song and Dance Music


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Contemporary Forms and Western Influences

  • West African musical traditions holds strong to oral traditions and culture.

  • Countries have gained independence, many have grappled with the problem of revitalizing indigenous ways while engaging the changing outside world.

  • 1960’s - Re-Africanization of music

  • Melting pot of styles and practices.


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Highlife Music

  • Dance music played primarily in Ghana and Nigeria.

  • Blend of different music and style.

  • King of Highlife, trumpeter and band leader, E.T. Mensah.

  • Sonny Okosun added reggae to the mix of Highlife, coming up with Ozzidi.

  • Father of other kinds of music: Afropop and Juju, Apala, Fuji, etc.

  • Revival of Highlife.



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Contemporary Music:Fela Kuti

  • Fela Kuti (1938-1997),

  • Inventor of Afrobeat.

  • Music dominated by political events in the Nigerian government.

  • M.O.P. “Movement of the People.

  • Developed fusion of Highlife (contemporary) and ancient traditional music.


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Fela Kuti

  • Coffin for Head of State

  • Unknown Soldier

    Both from CD: Coffin for Head of State


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Nigeria

  • Danjuma Adamu

  • Song: “Bad Company”

  • Song from Afro Bush Jazz Highlife Funk


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Ivory Coast:Alpha Blondy

  • African backbeat with Western instrumentation.

  • Unique style of reggae with rock n roll influences.

  • Song from Alpha Blondy Mix.