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A SPREP Review of Approaches to the State of the Environment in the Pacific UNEP GOE-IEA Regional Workshop, Thailand, ‘08 Review Goal, Objective & Outcomes Goal: TO IMPROVE SOE APPROACHES IN THE PACIFIC Objective: TO IDENTIFY PRIORITIES & DIRECTION FOR CAPACITY BUILDING Outcomes:
UNEP GOE-IEA Regional Workshop, Thailand, ‘08
Review Levels:International, Regional, National & Local.
Period Under Review:1980 – 2007.
Specific Country Case Studies:Fiji, Samoa & KiribatiReview Parameters
Face-to-face & Email Consultations:with staff of SPREP, other CROP Agencies – USP, SPC, SOPAC, UNDP, CI, WCS, Birdlife International, & IUCN Oceania – UNEP, ESCAP, ADB and key national governmental, non-governmental and private organisations in Fiji, Kiribati & Samoa
Country Visits: Samoa, Fiji & KiribatiReview Methodology & Information Sources
Environment Assessments & Reporting Landscape – Global, Regional & National
Overview of SOE & Other Reporting by the SPREP & Member Countries
Key Observations on Existing Assessments & Reporting Approaches
Opportunities for the Way forward
Proposed Way Forward for SPREP the OrganisationPresentation of Review Findings & Recommendations
1st Generation of SOE Reports – working docs for the SPREP Action Plan in 1982
2nd Generation of SOE Reports – stock taking as part of the NEMS
1st Generation of Reports for MEAs & Stock Taking for National Environment Frameworks – NBSAP, NAPA, NIP, etc.1-1. Evolution of the State of Environment Assessments & Reporting in the last Quarter Century [1980-2005] in the Pacific
Reporting Requirements: SOERs & Others
Research & Monitoring Frameworks
2nd Generation of research – key baseline ecological & geological surveys in ‘80s to the ‘90s and continuing to ’00.
3rd Generation of research & monitoring – measurements of project/programme performance & impacts from the ‘80s onwards.
Comparisons of ’80s, ’90s, & ’00s SOEs indicate changes in longer time periods (decades, centuries, etc.)
4th Generation of research & monitoring – integrated environment measurements (relatively new development)
Indicator Systems if regularly updated with data and data analysis can provide regular updates of the state of the environment / its components1-2 Evolution of Environmental Research & Monitoring in the Pacific in the last Quarter Century (1980-2005)
1st Generation of research – scientific works of the 19th century to 20th century and weather/climate data from the 19th century
Research & Monitoring Development
Potential Implementation Start at the Local Level
National UNCCD Reports (1st, 2nd& 3rd)
3 National CBD Reports (1st, 2nd & 3rd)
National State of the Environment Reporting
3 National UNFCCC Reports (1st, 2nd, & 3rd)3-1. Overview of SOE & MEA Reporting Achieved by SPREP’s Member Countries in the Last 25 Years
Produced by National Stakeholders with assistance of International/Local Experts
Produced by International/ Local Experts under guidance of National Stakeholders
Produced by International Experts
Largely descriptive with few quantitative & qualitative trends analysis
Largely commissioned in response to global & regional processes and have provided/used to provide baselines for grounding new policy frameworks & project formulation
Lack policy & legal basis
Weak access to and use of potential resources for data monitoring & data analysis3-2. Overview of the SOE & MEA reporting achieved by SPREP’s Member Countries in the last 25 years
Quality & Value
4.2 Requirements have Expanded Beyond Capacities of Pacific Island Countries Governments
4.3 Weak Coordination & Collaboration
4.4 Weakly linked to National Economic Planning Processes
4.5 Limited grounding on Reliable Scientific Quantitative Data & Data Analysis (Quantitative & Qualitative)4. Key Observations on Existing Assessments & Reporting Approaches
Global & Regional Reporting Requirements
Global & Regional Financial & Technical Accessing Requirements
Global & Regioanal Negotiation Requirements
Support Services for their Countries’ Local Communities
Local Governance4: Requirements have Expanded Beyond theCountries Current Capacities
Global & regional organisations developing services to help countries are primarily responsible with the collection & analysis of information/data on the conditions of the global & regional environments
Its difficult for governments to acquire & maintain technical specialists needed for all areas, that its best to have generalists who can cover wide ranges of subjects reasonably well.
The development of local communities’ environmental monitoring, assessment & reporting has parely started.
Integrate Environment Assessment & Reporting to Over-arching Regional, National & Local Development Planning Frameworks
Develop Effective Long-term Monitoring, Assessments & Reporting Systems
Develop Long-term Individual & Institutional Capacity Building Processes & Programmes at National & Local Levels
Strengthen Regional information/data monitoring & assessment services5. Recommendations
Integrate …Emerging Work For Environmental Indicators in National Sustainable Development Strategies & Pacific Plan and currently developed & tested global assessments processes
Develop Effective Environmental Assessment & Reporting…Emerging Framework Processes, e.g. UNEP GEO-IEA, Regional Governance Programmes (USP, FSPI, etc.)
Long-term Capacity Building at National & Local Levels…Emerging de-centralization of national governance to local governance, UNEP-EC (SPREP) Programme of Capacity Building for MEAs in ACP Countries, etc.
Strengthen Regional Services…Regional Plans, experience & information holdings of regional organisations (E.g. SPREP-IRC), and emerging environmental indicator monitoring programmes (E.g. SPREP-SOEs & Country Profiles, SOPAC-EVI, & SPC-PRISM)6. Opportunities for the Way Forward
Key Areas for Capacity building interventions
For the last 50 yrs (recent 25-30 yrs for the Pacific experience) was reactionary vision and institutional framework setting to address global issues was the emphasis (Agenda 21)
The emphasis now is on individual initiatives effectively shaped & consolidated through efficient management tools s/a monitoring, assessessment & reporting that will provide real experience to transform frameworks into pro-active drivers of real sustainability into the future
Society’s Vision, Aspirations & Values (SCENARIOS)
Quality of the Environment & Quality of Environmental Governance / Management (SOE)
Processes, Structures & Capacities for Intergrating Environment & Development
Processes, Structures & Capacities for Environment Monitoring, Assessment & Reporting
Outcomes & Impacts (CHANGES)
Interventions & Commitments (CAPACITIES)
Individual6-1. Opportunities For the Way Forward
Diagram 1: There is inconsistency between community ownership and use of resources and the resulting need for capacity to make and implement sustainable resource management decisions (left hand diagram) and the Government as the source of both development assistance and decisions related to resource planning and utilization (right hand diagram)6-2. Opportunities For the Way Forward…Capacity Building
Identify common set of environmental parameters relevant to all major reporting requirements – MEAs, UNEP GEO, MDGs (Goal 7), SPREP Programmes (Country Profiles) & National Programmes – COMMON ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SETS & INDICATORS
Develop simple and practical monitoring, assessments & reporting programmes to regularly collect data & carry out measurements – NATIONAL INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENT MONITORING & REPORTING PROGRAMMES
Integrate assessments & reporting into national policies and legislations – REGULAR UPDATES OF VITAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS, GRAPHS, for national & local planning purpose, etc.
Strengthen SPREP’s integrated environmental monitoring & assessment capabilities – FUNCTIONING REGIONAL NTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT & REPORTING PROGRAMME
Assist negotiation to harmonise reporting to global reporting obligations
Assist Development of functioning National Monitoring & Assessment Programmes
Assist Long-term Capacity Building Processes (national & local)
Establish within its Programmes Regional Integrated Environmental Monitoring & Assessment Capabilities7. Proposed Strategy