DR. MARWA ESSAM ELDIN FAHMI - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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DR. MARWA ESSAM ELDIN FAHMI

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DR. MARWA ESSAM ELDIN FAHMI
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DR. MARWA ESSAM ELDIN FAHMI

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  1. DR. MARWA ESSAM ELDIN FAHMI

  2. RULES OF PRONUNCIATION

  3. ( - S ) ( - es ) Pronounce ( - IZ ) If the base form of verb or noun ends with the sounds /s/, /z/, /Ʒ/ /ʃ/, /ɖƷ/ or /ks/

  4. Verbs Nouns Watch__ watches size __sizes Relax __ relaxes dish __ dishes Lose__ loses price __ prices Judge__ judges inch ___ inches

  5. Pronounce /S/ If the base form of verb or noun ends with the voiceless sounds; /ʃ /, /Ρ/, /ᵻ/, /ᴷ/, /ᶿ/ then pronounce (-s) and (- es) as /s/

  6. Verbs Nouns Sleep__ sleeps cat__ cats Laugh __laughs book _ books Work __ works cuff __ cuffs Hit __ hits fifth __ fifths

  7. Pronounce /z/ If the base form of verbs and nouns end with other voiced consonant or with vowels or with nasal sounds, then pronounce (-s) and (-es) /z/

  8. Verbs Nouns Learn __ learns boy __ boys Stay __ stays drum __ drums Go __ goes lamb __ lambs

  9. How to pronounce (-ed) ending

  10. If the base form of the verb ends with sounds /t/ or /d/, then pronounce (-ed) as an /id/ Start __ started wait __ waited Need __ needed decide __ decided

  11. Ifthe base form ends with the voiceless sounds ; /f/, /p/, /k/, /s/, /ks/, /ʃ/, /ʈʃ /, or with a vowel then pronounce (-ed) as /t/ Look __looked fax __ faxed Wish __ wished jump __ jumped Slice __ sliced watch ___ watched Laugh ___ laughed

  12. If the base form ends with the voiced sounds; /b/, /g/, /m/, /n/, /v/, /r/, /dʒ /, /ᵑ/, //, then pronounce –ed as /d/ Rob __ robbed hum __ hummed Rain __ rained play __ played Wave __ waved close __ closed Brag __ bragged judge __ judged