Dictionary Facts • A dictionary is simply a resource that: • Has the definitions of words • Has how to pronounce words • Has the histories of words • Has the function/part of speech of words • Sometimes has synonyms and antonyms of words
Dictionary Facts • The first dictionary was created in 1806 by a man named Noah Webster. • He was a teacher and wanted students to know what words in books meant. • The first dictionary had 5000 words. • The 2012 edition had 171, 476 words. • A new dictionary with added words comes out every year.
Many different kinds of dictionaries Print Varieties E-or Online Dictionaries www.dictionary.com www.m-w.com • Children’s (Elementary), Intermediate (Middle and High), Collegiate (College and Beyond) • Different companies: Webster’s, Merriam-Webster, Scholastic
Things that ARE NOT Dictionaries Thesaurus Glossary This will be in the back of your textbooks. They do not give ALL the words, only important vocabulary words. • Only gives synonyms and antonyms. • Not meanings of words
How dictionaries are organized: • Let’s practice! cat Words are organized according to alphabetical order (ABC’s). mouse dog Horse pig
Let’s practice! bad cannon broccoli capstan bike capacious boy canopy blouse capable
How dictionaries are organized: • These are called guide words! The dictionary will give you a hint at the top of the page about what words are on the page.
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Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Entry word: the word you are looking up. It will be in bold print. • Now, everyone turn to the word hippopotamus in your dictionary for practice
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Syllables: Your word will have a dot to show how many syllables there are. • How many syllables does hippopotamus have?
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Pronunciation: This shows you how to pronounce a word and which syllable to stress. • Usually, though, it isn’t as helpful as the online dictionary.
What are these words? • Let’s practice! /im-’aj-e-’na-shen/ /’en-yen/ /’ji-ent/ /’ap-el/ /’sauth/
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Pl.: plurals of words. How to spel it if there is more than one. • Abacus=one • Abacuses=more than one • So, what is the plural of hippopotamus?
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Part of speech: how a word is used. • What part of speech is hippopotamus? • Practice Sheet!
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • History of a word: if known.
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Meaning: what the word means. • Keep in mind that many words have more than one definition. Read through them all to see which one is the one you need. (Multiple meaning words!) • How many meanings are there for run?
Parts of a Dictionary Entry • Use of a word. • An example sentence
Some practice: circus • What guide words are on the same page as circus? • What part of speech is circus? • How many definitions are given for circus? • How many syllables are in the word circus?