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Production and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Production and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops. John J. Finer. http://www.oardc.ohio-state. edu/plantranslab/. Acreage of GMO Varieties. Acreage of GMO Varieties. Plant Biotechnology :. Classical Plant Breeding :.

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Production and Evaluation of Genetically Modified Crops

John J. Finer

http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/plantranslab/

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Plant Biotechnology:

Classical Plant Breeding:

Genetic modification following introduction of large amounts of undefined DNA from a genetically similar source.

Genetic modification of a plant cell by introduction of defined DNA(s) from a genetically different source.

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Biotechnology:

Bio = BiologyTechnology = Application

“The application of Biology”(for the benefit of humans)

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Cloning

in Plants

Turfgrass?

Roses?

Daffodils?

Apples?

Oranges?

Have you ever eaten/used cloned plants?

Potatoes?

Strawberries?

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Cotton

Xmas Cactus

Fern

Ohio Buckeye

Soybean

Poplar

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Gene Identification:

Protein and Oil

Virus resistance

Herbicide resistance

Value added

Grain quality

stress resistance

Pharmaceuticals

Flower color

Neutrative

GenomicsProteomicsMetabolomics

Animal viral vaccines

Growth habit

Insect resistance

Fungal resistance

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Plant Transformation

Agrobacterium

Particle gun

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Public Support Varies for Different Applications of Biotechnology(Includes ALL Countries – N = 35,000)

Source: Thomas Hoban, North Carolina State University

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The Benefits of Using Biotechnology are Greater than the Risks (35,000 Consumers from 35 Countries)

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“Can you think of any information not currently included on food labels that you would like to see?”

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Perceptions of safety improved when US consumers learn that biotech foods have been in the stores.

Do you think genetically modified foods are basically safe, basically unsafe, or don’t you have an opinion on this?

Now, as you know, more than half of products in the grocery store are produced using some form of biotechnology or genetic modification. Knowing this, do you think genetically modified foods are basically safe, basically unsafe, or don’t you have an opinion on this?

January 2001

Source: Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology

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“By Eating a Genetically Modified Fruit, a Person’s Genes Could also Be Changed”

1996 - 1998

Source: Thomas Hoban, North Carolina State University

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For further information, contact:

John J. Finer

Department of Horticulture and Crop Science

OARDC/The Ohio State University

1680 Madison Ave.

Wooster, OH 44691

Tel: 330-263-3880

Fax: 330-263-3887

e-mail: finer.1@osu.edu