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  1. Introduction to Innovative Design Thinking CDI

  2. Lecture 5 • Brain Storming • The power of group project • P-M-I thinking method • Questioning

  3. Brain storming Brain storming is a thinking method introduced by Alex Osborn.

  4. Brain storming It is a collective thinking method, making use of a group of individuals to voice out their creativity ideas for a problem.

  5. Brain storming Everyone within the group is encourage to deliver their ideas, no matter how crazy it is.

  6. Brain storming Within brain storming activities, we must allow nonsense and jokes.

  7. Brain storming Avoid Innovation Killer: • No criticism or evaluation should be done within brain storming activities.

  8. Brain storming Avoid Innovation Killer: • All members share the same identities and role play

  9. Brain storming Points to note when conducting brain storming: • Everybody should involved. • Allows nonsense and jokes

  10. Brain storming • Record down all possibilities. • Map out the relationship if necessary. • Compromise with each other the best solutions.

  11. Brain storming Task One: (5 mins.) Can you formulate the value of a girl?

  12. Brain storming

  13. Brain storming Are you ready?? Let us try this out, any topic?

  14. Brain storming Task Two: (10 mins.) Each group is now having a topic to start up your brain storming. Do not let the other group knows what you are working at.

  15. Brain storming Propose as many possible solutions as you can, and record those down by mind mapping method.

  16. Brain storming Task 3 Continue (20 mins.) Now, all of you are given a Lego construction kit. By making use of the Lego, choose one of the most appropriate idea to elaborate the idea of your group.

  17. Brain storming You are asked to present your idea to the others, without mention the stated keywords, seeing whether the others can decipher your work and identify the initial statement.

  18. Brain storming It is really difficult for us to express our ideas without using languages. Why?

  19. Importance of Group Project As an educator, we encourage students doing group project. Why? Can you figure out the advantages of group project?

  20. Importance of Group Project What are the disadvantages of doing group project?

  21. Importance of Group Project Advantages: • Collective intelligences. • Learn from the others. • Save resources. • Develop social sense.

  22. Importance of Group Project What are the disadvantages of doing group project?

  23. Importance of Group Project Disadvantages: • Selfishness. • Conflicts and fights. • Fair assessment. • Commitment of individuals.

  24. Importance of Group Project Is group project valuable in Education? If yes, how can we design a “good” group project?

  25. Importance of Group Project My opinions: • Freedom in grouping. • Group responsibilities and continuous assessment. • “New” and challenging. • Students master the project.

  26. Importance of Group Project But, how can we design a group project? Any ideas?

  27. Importance of Group Project One of my works: Relay Thinking

  28. Importance of Group Project Relay thinking is an Individual-group interactive project, which students have to think individually, and work as a team in order to score high marks.

  29. Importance of Group Project The central idea in relay-thinking is to carry on the criteria and the thinking path already set up by his/her partners.

  30. Importance of Group Project Each student will think on his/her own on a specific topic, and then pass it to his/her partners. The other students will carry on the design process towards the final solution and evaluation.

  31. Importance of Group Project A B D C

  32. Importance of Group Project A: Problem Identification B: Research and Investigation C: Initial ideas and development D: Final Design A: Evaluation

  33. Importance of Group Project Students are not allowed to alter any ideas or works done by their partners, but try their very best to polish up the argument and round up the solution.

  34. Importance of Group Project Are you ready? Let us try that out.

  35. P-M-I Thinking method PMI is a thinking method especially useful for one to think about an action or behavior of oneself. It is a three sides mapping technique used for analyzing a question.

  36. P-M-I Thinking method P – Plus, all positive matters. M – Minus, all negative concerns of an issue I – Interesting factors

  37. P-M-I Thinking method Example: Second HKCE examination

  38. P-M-I Thinking method Plus: Second chance for student. “Lower” the pressure. Fair to everybody. ………

  39. P-M-I Thinking method Minus: More examinations (Mock) More workload for EA and teachers More chance in making mistakes More administration cost – more admission fee charged More argument in the result ……….

  40. P-M-I Thinking method Interesting factors: More fun in setting examination papers. More challenges to both teachers, parents and students. More issues become news headings ……..

  41. Questioning What is a question? Express or feel doubt about something.

  42. Questioning What is a problem? Thing that is difficult to deal with or understand; Question to be answered or solved.

  43. Questioning What is the usage of a question? • Collecting data and information • Finding facts • Challenging logic • Initiate creativity

  44. Questioning Conventionally, we ask question and than we look for an answer. But is it okay? Can we answer everything? Answer Question

  45. Questioning Structuring a question: Motivation Q - 0 A - 0 Q – 1 Q – 1’ A - 0 A - 0 Response

  46. Questioning Question can be side track: Q - 0 A Q – x Q – y Time’s up Q – x B B’ Q – x’ C B Q – x

  47. Questioning Question within creativity is to evoke and arouse responsive thinking. We are NOT looking for an answer in a logical sense, but un-thoughtful instinct.

  48. Questioning Teacher should conduct Q – A – Q ……process very fast. The shortest the interaction time is, the more unexpected and creativity answers.

  49. Questioning Prohibited responses: • I don’t know • Repeat the former question / answer • Personal attack • Teachers’ comment

  50. Questioning We can structured the questions and answer process based on the 6 Ws, 3 Levels, and N answers. I call this as a Question Matrix.