Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation
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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?. Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR. Chad. 7 Mio habitants 110 different ethnically different populations Land locked country 1‘280‘000 km2

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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?

Example of Eastern Chadby Arnold Egli,Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR


Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation
Chad situation?

  • 7 Mio habitants

  • 110 different ethnically different populations

  • Land locked country

  • 1‘280‘000 km2

  • main activities: live stock keeping, agriculture for subsistence and the market, cotton as a cash crop

  • Exploitation of petrol since July 2004

  • Important, not yet exploited gas resources

  • One of the poorest country in the world

  • Again affected by a drought and hunger!!!


East of chad
East of Chad situation?

  • Land area: 60'000 km2

  • Border with Sudan 600 km

  • Local pop. density: < 4 h / km2

  • Big animals: 3.5 Mio

  • Rainfall: 0 and 600 mm,Irregular distribution


Refugee s operation of unhcr and contribution of sha
Refugee's Operation of UNHCR and contribution of SHA situation?

  • approx. 220'000 refugees

  • 60 -80‘000 IDP since 2006

  • First camp opens in January 2004, newest in April 2005

  • Camp size: 12 and 30'000 people

  • Camps equiped with nutrition center, first aid station, primary schools, police guard, community services,

  • Water supply: 11 to 18 l/p/d(drinking water quality)

  • Food supply approx. 2000 kcal/p/d

  • Costs: 80 Mio US $ (2004); 55 US $ (2005); 40 Mio US $ (in 2006); 2011 ?

  • Contribution SHA- 1 site planner 2004- 1 water specialist 2004 to 2010

  • - 1 environment specialist 2004 to 2006 and 2011


Zustand und anf lligkeit der kosysteme sahel tschad
Zustand und Anfälligkeit der Ökosysteme (Sahel Tschad) situation?

Nach Norden abnehmender Niederschlag und zunehmende Anfälligkeit des Ökosystems


Main refugee s zones
Main Refugee’s Zones situation?

  • 12 camps répartis en 4 zones avec des caractéristiques propres

    (unités d’analyse)


Estimated wood production et consumption at eastern chad
Estimated Wood Production et Consumption situation? at Eastern Chad


Main activity since 2004 wood collecting and distribution
Main activity since 2004 situation?Wood collecting and distribution


Wood saving 1 traditional fire place
Wood saving 1 situation?Traditional fire place


Wood saving 2 by improved mud stove
Wood saving 2 situation?…by improved mud stove


Wood saving 3 and more of these wood saving stoves
Wood saving 3 situation?… and more of these wood saving stoves!

  • Metallic stove "Save80"

  • Metallic stove "Central African Stove„

  • Mud stove mobil


Wood saving 4 the new member of the group afrah since 2011
Wood saving 4 situation?The new member of the group:AFRAH since 2011


Wood substitution 1 briquettes of different materials
Wood substitution 1 situation?Briquettes of different materials

  • Cardboard, Doum kernel, mixture of…


Wood substitution 2 solar cookers different types
Wood Substitution 2 situation?Solar cookers – Different Types


Wood substitution 3 solar water heater
Wood Substitution 3 situation?Solar water heater


Wood substitution 4 biogas digester
Wood substitution 4 situation?Biogas digester

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Wood restoring activities 1 tree production planting and protection
Wood restoring activities 1 situation?Tree production, planting and protection


Wood restoring activities 2 forest land protection and managment
Wood restoring activities 2 situation?Forest land protection and managment


Estimated wood production et consumption at eastern chad1
Estimated Wood Production et Consumption situation? at Eastern Chad


Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Thank you for your attention! situation?

Sustainably yours!