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Research Tools: LaTex A high quality document preparation system. by Karthikeyan Umapathy . Tex (Greek texnologia) – computer program created by Dr. Donald E. Knuth (Stanford University) – 1982 . LaTex – a macro package based on Tex with predefined layouts

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slide1

Research Tools:

LaTex

A high quality document preparation system

by

Karthikeyan Umapathy

slide2

Tex (Greek texnologia)

– computer program created by

Dr. Donald E. Knuth (Stanford University) – 1982

LaTex

– a macro package based on Tex with predefined layouts

Dr. Leslie Lamport (Microsoft Research) - 1980s

slide3

LaTex Production Chain

Input

Text/commands

LaTex

DVI

(device independent)

pdfLaTex

Postscript

pdf

printer

slide4

WYSIWYG vs. LaTex

  • Focus on content then the appearance
  • Best for writing lot of Math
  • References - Bibliography
  • Manage large documents
  • Professional output quality
  • Predefined layouts
  • Portable – any OS – hardware etc
  • Creative
  • FREE

WYSIWIG – “What you see is what you get “ or “What is see is ALL what you get”

slide5

WYSIWYG vs. LaTex

  • Learning curve
  • Short documents
  • Custom layouts

WYSIWIG – “What you see is what you get “ or “What is see is ALL what you get”

slide6

LaTex Classes

Article

Report

Book

Letter

Ordinary

documents

-paper

Large organized

Documents

-Thesis

Books

Letter

Many new class files can be created modifying the above

4 base class files

(Ex: IEEEtran.cls – derived from article.cls)

slide7

Writing a document in Latex

Comments or notes

Example.tex

Predefined classes like article,

report, letter or book

% Comments

\documentclass [options] {style}

\begin {document}

.

.

.

\end {document}

Options within a class such as

Paper size, font size etc

The document begins here

Body of the document

The document ends here

slide8

Writing a document in Latex

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass {article}

\begin {document}

This is a test

\end {document}

(1) latex Example.tex Example.dvi (2) dvips Example.dvi Example.ps

(3) ps2pdf Example.ps Example.pdf

slide9

Writing a document in Latex

Title, author

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\title {This is an example}

\author {James Bond}

\maketitle

\end {document}

(1) latex Example.tex Example.dvi (2) dvips Example.dvi Example.ps

(3) ps2pdf Example.ps Example.pdf

slide10

Writing a document in Latex

Font size \tiny to \Huge

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\noindent

This is a test \\

\small {This is a test}\\

\Large {This is a test}\\

\Huge {This is a test}\\

\end {document}

(1) latex Example.tex Example.dvi (2) dvips Example.dvi Example.ps

(3) ps2pdf Example.ps Example.pdf

slide11

Writing a document in Latex

Section and Subsection

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\title {This is an example}

\author {James Bond}

\maketitle

\section {Introduction}

\subsection {Experiment}

\end {document}

(1) latex Example.tex Example.dvi (2) dvips Example.dvi Example.ps

(3) ps2pdf Example.ps Example.pdf

slide12

Writing a document in Latex

Equations

Example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\title {This is an example}

\author {James Bond}

\maketitle

\section {Introduction}

\begin {equation}

g_{ \gamma_{n}}(t) =

\frac{1}{ \sqrt{s_{n}}}\;g(\frac{t-p_{n}}{s_{n}})\,\exp\left\{j(2\pi f_{n}t+\phi_{n})\right\},

\label {eq1}

\end {equation}

\end {document}

slide13

Writing a document in Latex

Equations

Example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\title {This is an example}

\author {James Bond}

\maketitle

\section {Introduction}

\begin {equation}

g_{ \gamma_{n}}(t) =

\frac{1}{ \sqrt{s_{n}}}\;g(\frac{t-p_{n}}{s_{n}})\,\exp\left\{j(2\pi f_{n}t+\phi_{n})\right\},

\label {eq1}

\end {equation}

\end {document}

S_n - subscript

S^n - superscript

Math commands

slide14

Writing a document in Latex

Figures

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\usepackage {epsfig, graphicx}

\begin {document}

\begin {figure}

\epsfxsize =4.5in

\centerline {\epsffile{platypus.eps}}

\caption {Sample Figure.}

\label {fig1}

\end {figure}

\end {document}

(1) latex Example.tex Example.dvi (2) dvips Example.dvi Example.ps

(3) ps2pdf Example.ps Example.pdf

slide15

Writing a document in Latex

Example.tex

Table

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\usepackage {epsfig, graphicx}

\begin {documen}

\begin {table}

\centering

\begin {tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|} \hline

Method &Groups & Normal & Abnormal & Total \\ \hline

LR & Normal & 40 & 11 & 51\\

& Abnormal & 17 & 22 & 39 \\\hline

\% & Normal & \bf{78.4} & 21.6 & 100 \\

& Abnormal & 43.6 &\bf {56.4} & 100 \\\hline

\end {tabular}

\caption {Sample Table}

\label {tab1}

\end {table}

\end {document}

slide16

Writing a document in Latex

References within a document

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\begin {document}

\section {Introduction}

\label {intro}

This is section on Introduction.

\subsection {experiment}

\label {exp}

This is an example subsection.

Please refer Section.\ref {intro} for

introduction. Refer Section \ref {exp}

\end {document}

Very easy to manage all the references in long documents

slide17

Writing a document in Latex

Citing other works

Example.tex

% This is an example.tex

\documentclass [12pt]{article}

\bibliographystyle {IEEEtran}

\begin {document}

\section {Introduction}

\label {intro}

This is section on Introduction.

\subsection {experiment}

\label {exp}

This is an example subsection. This

work is based on the

MP algorithm \cite {mallat2}

\bibliography {bibfile}

\end {document}

Order and numbering of the references are automatic. Inserting

a new citation reorders the references ( a cool feature !)

slide18

Writing a document in Latex

Let us put

everything together

  • \title
  • \author
  • \section
  • \subsection
  • \section
  • \subsection
  • figure
  • Table
  • \ref
  • \cite
  • \documentclass
  • \begin
  • \end
  • \maketitle
slide19

Class, Style files in Latex

\usepackage{conf.sty} & \documentclass{journ.cls}

Double column

and IEEE trans.

standard

slide20

Getting the TOOLS !

  • On Unix Platforms
  • Latex Preinstalled (dept. )
  • Xfig – a very good drawing program to create figures
  • On Windows platform
  • MikTex – Tex for windows (Latex)
  • Xfig not native in windows (cygwin)
  • Openoffice (draw) can create *.eps figures
  • Dia

www.rnet.ryerson.ca/sar

useful links (tools, tutorials)

slide21

LYX

What you see is what you mean !?

WYSIWYG

WYSIWYM

LaTex

www.lyx.org

slide22

Happy (Latex) ing !

Questions !

Thank you !