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LYNDON JOHNSON and RICHARD NIXON. The Great Society Vietnam Democrats Fragment Nixon’s Comeback Nixon’s Fall. The Great Society:1965-1966. War on Poverty: 20% under poverty line Blacks, elderly, Appalachian, rural whites Office of Economic Opportunity: Shriver

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lyndon johnson and richard nixon

LYNDON JOHNSONandRICHARD NIXON

The Great Society

Vietnam

Democrats Fragment

Nixon’s Comeback

Nixon’s Fall

the great society 1965 1966
The Great Society:1965-1966
  • War on Poverty: 20% under poverty line
    • Blacks, elderly, Appalachian, rural whites
  • Office of Economic Opportunity: Shriver
    • Self help: job training, Head Start, education
  • Great Society: 89 laws: Low rent Housing
    • Education Act: federal grants to poor states
    • Medicare: Extends SS pay for health care
    • Medicaid: medical care for poor
vietnam escalation
Vietnam Escalation
  • History: Ho Chi Minh, Vietminh
  • 1964: Diem coup, 16,000 advisors, $50 m
  • Gulf of Tonkin Affair: Congress authorizes
  • Operation Rolling Thunder: bombing
    • Ho Chi Minh Trial: Soviet & China supples
    • Viet Cong: pro communist insurgents
    • Westmoreland fights guerrillas, My Lai village
  • Ground troops: 184,000 troops in 1965
    • 485,000 troops in 1967, McNamara
war protests
War Protests
  • LBJ’s personality
  • War takes money from Great Society
  • Anti-war protests
  • Counter-culture: Hippies
  • Youth movement: SDS
radical movements
Radical Movements
  • Great Society: Self Help to Welfare and
    • Guaranteed income
  • SDS to Weathermen
  • Martin Luther King to Black Power
    • SNNC and Stokely Carmichael
    • Black Panthers and Huey Newton
    • Black Muslims and Malcolm X
    • Riots: hundreds of race riots
    • Harlem Riots 1964, Watts 1965
    • Martin Luther King shot
1968 election dems fragment
1968 Election: Dems Fragment
  • Eugene McCarthy challenges LBJ
  • LBJ: “I will not seek another term”
  • Herbert Humphry: LBJ’s VP, too close
    • To LBJ, war protesters follow him
  • Robert Kennedy runs: starts to win
    • Wins California primary: shot
  • George Wallace: lower class whites
  • Riots at Dem convention in Chicago
nixon s comeback
Nixon’s Comeback
  • Nixon Wins 1968: Silent majority, Law
    • and order, middle ground, new Nixon
  • Conservative Resurgence: people want
    • Normal life, conservative populism
  • Personality: a loner, paranoid
  • Détente: arms control w/ Soviets
  • China: opens up China, Kissinger
  • Ends Vietnam: 4 part plan
nixon s fall
Nixon’s Fall
  • Moderate Domestic Policy: price fixing
  • 1972 Reelection: Foreign policy success
    • “bring the country together”
  • Dems: Eugene McGovern: grow welfare
  • Nixon wins landslide: 49 state victory
  • Watergate: break-in, cover up, enemies
  • Watergate legacy