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Lyndon Baines Johnson. Libertyville HS. LBJ’s Swearing In. 11/22/63, in plane hanger after JFK’s assassination Formed Warren Commission to investigate assassination Headed by Earl Warren, Chief Justice of USSC Investigation: one shooter LBJ promised to carry on JFK’s legacy.

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lyndon baines johnson

Lyndon Baines Johnson

Libertyville HS

lbj s swearing in
LBJ’s Swearing In
  • 11/22/63, in plane hanger after JFK’s assassination
  • Formed Warren Commission to investigate assassination
    • Headed by Earl Warren, Chief Justice of USSC
    • Investigation: one shooter
  • LBJ promised to carry on JFK’s legacy
lyndon b johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Born to poor family in TX in 1908; father became congressman
  • Went to college and became teacher
  • LBJ elected to Congress in 1938 (platform=New Deal)
  • Served in US Navy during WWII
  • Elected to Senate, 1948
  • Majority leader, 1954
vice president johnson
Vice President Johnson
  • Ran in Dem primary, 1960
  • Convention: “Stop Kennedy” coalition
  • Offered VP by JFK, to help him beat Nixon in South
  • As VP, LBJ powerless
    • Wasn’t really trusted by Kennedy insiders
    • Worked with African Americans on civil rts issues
    • Handled minor international affairs for JFK
president johnson
President Johnson
  • Johnson promised to fulfill legacy of Kennedy
    • $11.5 billion tax cuts
    • 1964 Civil Rights Act
    • 24th Amendment (banned federal poll tax)
  • Would it be enough to get elected?
1964 election
1964 Election
  • Dems nominated LBJ, Hubert Humphrey
  • GOP nominate Barry Goldwater (AZ)
    • GOP badly split between conservatives and moderate-liberal wings
    • Goldwater an arch-conservative
    • Many moderate GOP voted for LBJ
  • “Daisy” ad

Results

LBJ: 486 ECV / 43.1 million

Goldwater: 52 ECV / 27.1 million

LBJ’s margin of 61% highest since 1820

lbj s great society
LBJ’s “Great Society”
  • LBJ’s domestic agenda
    • Commitment to improving the quality of life of all Americans
    • LBJ’s vision: Completing New Deal
  • Programs
    • 1965 Voting Rights Act
    • Elementary & Secondary Ed. Act of 1965
    • Higher Ed Act of 1965 (grants, work-study, gov’t loans for students of poor)
    • Est. NEH, NEA, CPB

“What’s that big word, there?”

lbj s war on poverty
LBJ’s “War on Poverty”
  • Est. Appalachian Regional Commission
  • Created the Office of Economic Opportunity
    • Coordinated anti-poverty programs (food stamps)
    • Head Start program
    • VISTA (Volunteer in Service to America) Act – domestic peace corps
  • Housing Act (low-rent, gov’t subsidized housing)
    • Medicare Act of 1965
other legislation of lbj s term
Other Legislation of LBJ’s Term
  • Continued space research
  • Est. Dept of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (develop policy on housing and cities)
  • Est. Dept. of Transportation (DOT) (“ensure fast, safe, efficient transportation network”)
  • 1967: 25th Amendment (provides means of replacing pres. in case of disability; fill VP vacancy)
downfall of lbj
Downfall of LBJ
  • Downfall came about due to the unpopularity of the Vietnam War & strained race relations
    • “Credibility Gap” (lies)
    • “Long Hot Summers” – frustration of A-A inner city
    • Economic slowdown
    • LBJ lashed out at “preachers, liberals and reporters” who had ‘turned’ on him
  • March 31, 1968: announced he “would not seek, nor accept” the Democratic nomination

Watts, 1968

election of 1968
Election of 1968
  • Democratic nominee looked to be RFK
    • RFK assassinated after CA primary
    • RFK’s death threw race up for grabs
  • Dems nominate Hubert Humphrey
    • Chicago convention marred by anti-war protests, brutal suppression
    • Humphrey supported peace in Vietnam, expansion of Great Society
  • American Indep. Party (state’s rights): George Wallace
  • GOP candidate: Richard Nixon
    • “Southern Strategy” – effort to appeal to “solid south”
    • Theme: restore “law and order”

Results

Nixon: 301 ECV / 31.7 million

Humphrey: 191 ECV / 31.2 million

Wallace: 46 ECV / 9.9 million

1968 election
1968 Election
  • Realigning election (first since 1932 election of FDR)
    • GOP won 5 of next 6 presidential elections & 7 of next 10
  • Why did Dems lose?
    • Intraparty split over civil rights, Vietnam, “culture wars”
    • Dems lost South to GOP