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AP World History Chapter 13. The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. The Imperial Age Taika , Nara, and Heian (7th to 9th centuries). Borrowing from China at height. Taika Reforms.

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Ap world history chapter 13

AP World HistoryChapter 13

The Spread of Chinese Civilization:

Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

The imperial age taika nara and heian 7th to 9th centuries
The Imperial AgeTaika, Nara, and Heian (7th to 9th centuries)

  • Borrowing from China at height

Taika reforms
Taika Reforms

  • Copy Chinese style of rule, two officials sent to China during Tang. They returned with information on government.

  • Bureaucracy, Central Government Stronger

  • Opposed by aristocracy, Buddhist monks

Heian period
Heian Period

  • Capital to Heian (Kyoto)

  • Abandons Taika reforms

  • Aristocracy restored to power

  • During the Heian the Fujiwara clan married their daughters to the heirs to the throne, thus ensuring their authority.

  • The pleasure loving emperors lost control of policy to aristocratic court families.

  • This loss of control led to Japanese Feudalism.

Court life in the heian era
Court Life in the Heian Era

  • Court culture

  • Codes of behavior

  • Aesthetic enjoyment

  • Poetry

  • Women and men take part

  • Lady Murasaki, Tale of Genji

The decline of imperial power
The Decline of Imperial Power

  • Fujiwara family

    • Dominate government

    • Cooperate with Buddhists

    • Elite cult

  • Regional lords (bushi)

    • Fortress bases

    • Semi-independent

    • Samurai

  • Warrior class emerges

    • Martial arts esteemed

    • Special code

    • Family honor

    • Death rather than defeat

    • Seppuku or hari-kiri

  • Peasants lose status, freedom

    • Salvationist Buddhism

The era of warrior dominance
The Era of Warrior Dominance

  • By the 11th and 12th centuries

    • Family rivalries dominate

    • Taira, Minamoto

  • The Declining Influence of China

    • 838, Japanese embassies to China stopped

    • Gempei Wars

    • 1185, Minamoto victorious

    • Bakufu, military government

    • Kamakura, capital

The breakdown of bakufu dominance and the age of the warlords
The Breakdown of Bakufu Dominance and the Age of the Warlords


  • Minamoto leader

  • Assassinates relatives

  • Death brings succession struggle

    Hojo family

  • Minamoto, emperor figureheads

    Ashikaga Takuaji

  • Minamoto

  • 14th century, overthrows Kamakura rule

  • Ashikaga Shogunate established

  • Emperor driven from Kyoto

  • Struggle weakens all authority

Japanese feudalism 1467 1477 civil war among ashikaga factions
Japanese Feudalism: 1467-1477, civil war among Ashikaga factions

  • The Age of Warlords divided Japan into 300 small states each ruled by a different Warlord.

  • The Emperor lost more control to the Shogons.

Ap world history chapter 13

  • Toward Barbarism? factions

  • Military Division and Social Change

  • Warfare becomes more brutal

  • Daimyo support commerce

  • Artistic Solace for a Troubled Age

  • Zen Buddhism

    • Important among elite

    • Point of contact with China

Korea between china and japan
Korea: Between China and Japan factions

  • Separate, but greatly influenced

  • Ancestors from Siberia, Manchuria

  • By 4th century B.C.E., farming, metalworking

Tang alliances and the conquest of korea
Tang Alliances and the Conquest of Korea factions

  • 109 B.C.E., Choson kingdom conquered by Han

    • Silla, Paekche

  • Koguryopeople

    • Resist Chinese dominance

  • Sinificationincreases after fall of the Han

    • Buddhism an important vehicle

  • Sinification: The Tributary Link

  • Silla, Koryo dynasties (668-1392)

    • Peak of Chinese influence

    • Silla politically independent

Koryo collapse dynastic renewal
Koryo factions Collapse, Dynastic Renewal


  • Caused by labor, tax burdens

  • Weaken Silla, Koryo governments

    1231, Mongol invasion

  • Followed by turmoil

    1392, Yi dynasty founded

  • Lasts until 1910

The making of vietnam chinese push south to red river valley
The Making of factionsVietnam, Chinese push south to Red River valley

Chinese push south to Red River valley


  • Retain distinctiveness


  • Raid into Vietnam, 220s B.C.E.

  • Commerce increased

  • Vietsconquer Red River lords

    Merge with Mon-Khmer, Tai

    Culture distinct from China

  • Women generally have higher status

    Conquest and Sinification

  • Han

  • Expand, Vietnam becomes a tributary

  • from 111 B.C.E., direct control

  • Chinese culture systematically introduced

The making of vietnam
The Making of Vietnam factions

Roots of Resistance

  • Resistance from aristocracy, peasants

  • Women participate

  • 39 C.E., Revolt of Trung sisters

    Winning Independence and Continuing Chinese Influences

  • Distance from China helps resistance

  • Independence by 939 until 19th century

  • Le Dynasty (980-1009)

    • Using Chinese-style bureaucracy

The making of vietnam1
The Making of Vietnam factions

The Vietnamese Drive to the South

  • Indianized Khmer

  • Defeated, Viets expand into Mekong delta region

    Expansion and Division


  • Far from frontiers

  • Cultural divisions develop following intermarriage with Chams, Khmers

    Nguyen dynasty

  • Capital at Hue, by late 1500s

  • Challenge Trinh in North

  • Rivalry until 18th century