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AP World History Chapter 33. Rebirth and Revolution: Nation Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim. East Asia in the Postwar Settlements. Korea divided Russian, American zone Taiwan Chinese occupation Chiang Kai-shek Japan occupied by United States Postwar decolonization

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ap world history chapter 33

AP World HistoryChapter 33

Rebirth and Revolution:

Nation Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim

east asia in the postwar settlements
East Asia in the Postwar Settlements

Korea divided

  • Russian, American zone

Taiwan

  • Chinese occupation
  • Chiang Kai-shek

Japan occupied by United States

Postwar decolonization

  • U.S. loses Philippines
  • Dutch: Indonesia
  • British: Malaya
japanese recovery
Japanese Recovery

American occupation ends, 1952

Democratization

  • women get the vote
  • unions encouraged
  • Shintoism disestablished
  • land redistribution
  • new constitution modified, 1963

Liberal Democratic Party, 1955

korea intervention and war
Korea: Intervention and War

North Korea

  • communist
  • Kim Il-Sung, to 1994

South Korea

  • Syngman Rhee
  • parliamentary government

North invades South, 1950

  • U.S. leads UN effort
  • China supports North Korea
  • 1953, armistice or cease fire.
emerging stability in taiwan hong kong and singapore
Emerging Stability in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore

Taiwan

  • Guomindang retreats to Taiwan
  • U.S. Support

Hong Kong

  • British colony
  • Chinese control, 1997

Singapore

  • independence, 1965
japan incorporated
Japan, Incorporated

Japan's Distinctive Political and Cultural Style

  • Liberal Democrat Party, 1955-1993
    • corruption raises questions
  • Cultural continuity
  • HiraokaKimitoke
    • Nationalist

The Economic Surge

  • Company unions
    • cooperation between management, labor
  • Women
    • traditional attitudes
  • Popular culture
    • Western influence
the korean miracle
The Korean Miracle

South Korea

  • Chung-hee, 1961-1979
    • military loses power
    • more open press, political action
    • new companies
      • Hyundai
taiwan
Taiwan

Rapid economic growth

  • More contact with China, other neighbors
  • Death of Chiang Kai-shek, 1978
  • Gap narrows between China and Taiwan
singapore
Singapore

Similar to Taiwan

  • Lee Kuan Yew
  • Authoritarian rule
  • Returned to China, 1997
the pacific rim common culture
The Pacific Rim: Common culture

Common culture

  • Group loyalty stronger than individualism
  • Confucianism important in economic development
  • Benefit from Japanese influence
  • Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia follow
mao s china
Mao’s China

Rise of Communist China

  • Long March
  • Communism popular
  • Mao gaining power by 1945
  • Defeat of Japan, 1949
  • Communists ascendant
  • Land reform
  • First five-year plan, 1953
  • Mass Line approach, 1955
  • Agricultural cooperatives
  • Farming through collectives from 1956
  • Purge of intellectuals, 1957
the great leap backward
The Great Leap Backward

The Great Leap Forward, 1958

  • based on peasant communes
  • peasants un-cooperative
  • famine
  • ended by 1960
  • Mao no longer state chairman
    • still head of Central Committee
    • replaced by pragmatists
    • Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoui, Deng Xiaoping
women hold up half of the heavens
"Women Hold Up Half of the Heavens"
  • Communist promising legal equality
  • Work outside the home opportunities increase
mao s last campaign and the fall of the gang of four
Mao's Last Campaign and the Fall of the Gang of Four

Cultural Revolution, 1965

  • Zhou Enlaiinto, seclusion
  • Liu Shaoqui,killed
  • Deng Xiaoping, imprisoned

The Cultural Revolution ended, 1968