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  1. Lantmäteriet’s cooperation with sister organisations Institutional cooperation Mainly Capacity Building

  2. Why international cooperation • Real property rights and geographic information is essential for sustainable economic and social development • Issues • Legislation about real property rights and obligations, processes to adopt real property division to changes in society, information for land governance, business development and for land market • Including issues about land use, property rights and land values • Basic and adopted geographic information, Geodesy, topography, cadastral plans and index maps

  3. Land development chain.

  4. Why international cooperation • By being active we are supporting the profession internationally to contribute to sustainable development • Swedish government want us to be active • Policy for global development • Partner-driven cooperation supported by Sida • Included in the instruction for Lantmäteriet • Own interest • Development, experiences, staff satisfaction and recruitment

  5. History • 1979 Swedesurvey department with Lantmäteriet • 1993 Swedesurvey AB established as a State owned company, controlled by the Ministry • 2008 New department within Lantmäteriet for cooperation between authorities, twinning. • Turn-over for twinning cooperation, about 60 million SEK per year.

  6. Cooperation partners • UN-Habitat (Global Land Tool Network) • FAO • World Bank • FIG (Internationella lantmäterifederationen) • Swedish Housing Financing Authority • Swedish Tax Authority • Sweden Statistics • Cooperation agreements with China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Serbia and Macedonia

  7. INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE SWEDEN RUSSIA ICELAND FINLAND NORWAY EST LAT DEN LITH NETH BELARUS POL UKRAINE MONGOLIA MOLD SLO BOS CRO GEO MACEDONIA KYRGYZ REPUBLIC KOS UZBEK SERBIA ARM GREECE SYRIA TAJIKISTAN CHINA TUNISIA LEB IRAQ IRAN KUWEIT NEPAL BHUTAN BAH EGYPT SAUDI ARABIA LAOS OMAN SAN SALVADOR BELIZE the PHILIPPINES ERITREA VIETNAM GUATEMALA CAMBODIA NICARAGUA NIGERIA COSTARICA ETHIOPIA GHANA GUYANA LIBERIA SRI LANKA MALAYSIA UGANDA Colombia KENYA SINGAPORE RWANDA INDONESIA TANZANIA PERU ANGOLA ZAMBIA MOZAMBIQUE BOLIVIA MAURITIUS NAMIBIA ZIMBABWE BOTSWANA SWASILAND LESOTHO SOUTH AFRICA URUGUAY

  8. Topical issues • Poverty alleviation trough legal empowerment, access to property with secure tenure • Land for food security • Land for fast growing urban areas in South • Land Grabbing • Women’s and minority people’s access to property • Real property taxation for income to local governments • Climate change • Capacity building

  9. Safeguarding Paper Records

  10. EXPERIENCES ACCRA Ghana Information for municipal rates Aerial photographs efficient for identification of unauthorised structures. When bringing information from various sources together, defects can be detected. E.g. 40 % of the buildings in the pilot area was not valued. Cooperation between local and central level is a perquisite for the success of UMLIS. Accurate information on persons are required for a complete secure system. Property owners are in general positive to the system. Give them information about how much their community / block is paying in relation to the services they require

  11. Kibera Nairobi • Sensitizations

  12. STRUCTURE NUMBERING • Identification of structures.

  13. METHODOLOGY • Structure numbering

  14. Lusaka Zambia

  15. Privatisation In Eastern Europe and Asia • Restitution, Central Europe, Baltic States, • Privatisation of land shares in Russia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova etc. • Distribution of land to farmers and other people on the countryside, e.g. Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan • Vouchers (widely used for privatisation of State property but not for land) • Limited land use rights but possible to transact and mortgage, Uzbekistan, China, Vietnam

  16. Considerable privatisation as a mean to support the people to survive big drops in export markets. Many donor projects, each with its own philosophy New amalgamated organisation, National Administration of Public Registry Several efforts to increase privatisation, to make land administration more efficient and develop an national land information system. Succeeded handle corruption and improve efficiency, now leading in World Bank rating Doing Business Georgia

  17. Leasehold of land for private use Merging of organisations, cadastre, right registration, constructions etc proposed but not implemented Development of new legislation and valuation methods Pilot project for improved land info system implemented Tajikistan

  18. GosRegister responsible for registration Urban land privatised and to large extent registered Rural land privatisation through shares Privatisation through application of urban land Allocation of rural land started Land markets mainly in urban areas Kyrgyzstan

  19. Privatisation of kolchoz Kyrgyzstan

  20. Croatia Serbia Macedonia Albania Romania Kosovo Slovenia Greece Development of Real Estate Cadastre Land Consolidation Business processes Geodetic framework Digital archive Valuation and mortgage systems Land taxation Management and organisation Balkan

  21. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, General Department of Land Administration Legislation Land use planning Cadastral mapping Land information systems Land Registration Land valuation Vietnam

  22. Issues • Revision of land laws • Strengthening occupancy rights • Real property concept • Efficient organisation • Land use planning • Participatory planning • Strengthen comprehensive planning to guide sector planning (construction, transport, agriculture, forestry etc)

  23. Land registration • More efficient procedures and responsibilities between different levels of authority • Improved service delivery • First registration and updating, urban and rural land • Land Information System • Pilot projects of provincial development • Development of national standards • Land Valuation • Development of market-based land valuation • Clarifying of responsibilities regarding land valuation

  24. Vietnam

  25. Indonesisa • Institutional Partnership for Strengthening Land Administration (IPSLA) 2006-2010 • Capacity building and management development • Land registration • Land valuation • Legalisation of informal settlement

  26. EU Twinning Department of Land and Survey, Jordan, Lantmäteriet and GUGiK • Integration of land and cadastral information • Data security • Land valuation

  27. Mongolia

  28. Improve cadastral information in areas with (systematic): demands on investments in land development areas where functional land markets are developing areas affected by migration, especially urban Establish countrywide procedures to (sporadic): Investments in land development Protect interests of existing land use, women, ethnic minorities, migrated people etc. Solve conflicts Promote fair allocation and access Improved decision-making for sustainable land management Land taxation Strategy for improved LA to alleviate povertyin Africa

  29. Institutional issues • Civil law, land code and real property formation legislation • Real property definition, land, buildings, facilities, woods etc. • Development of land information systems, national spatial data infrastructure, geodetic systems • Organisational development, merging or redesigning of organisations, Natural Resources, BTI, Cartography, Rights Registration • Management development, financial system, staff engagement, local offices