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Genres of Literature. Fiction and Non-Fiction. Fiction and Non-Fiction. Genres of literature are divided into (2) categories Non-Fictions are informational texts dealing with real-life subjects Real or Actual Fictions are narrative literary works produced by the imagination Made-Up.

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genres of literature

Genres of Literature

Fiction and Non-Fiction

fiction and non fiction
Fiction and Non-Fiction
  • Genres of literature are divided into (2) categories
  • Non-Fictions are informational texts dealing with real-life subjects
    • Real or Actual
  • Fictions are narrative literary works produced by the imagination
    • Made-Up
how to remember the difference
How to Remember the Difference
  • Remember: Fact or Fiction
non fiction
  • Essays
  • Biographies
  • Autobiographies
  • Speeches
  • Text Books
  • A short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook or point
  • Usually analytic, speculative, or interpretive
    • Makes a judgment on something

Example: Anything by David Sedaris and Chuck Pahlunuk’s Stranger than Fiction

  • A written account of another person’s life
    • Somebody wrote about someone else


John Adams

by David McCullough

  • A history of a person, written or spoken by the same person
  • Usually a narrative
  • Usually inaccurate
    • Recreates events
    • History


Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

  • Expressions of thoughts and emotions by speech, sounds, and gestures

Examples: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech and Malcolm X’s “Who Taught You to Hate Yourself” speech

  • Drama
  • Poetry
  • Short Story
  • Fantasy
  • Fable
  • Fairy Tales
  • Science Fiction
  • Realistic Fiction
  • Historical Fiction
  • Tall Tale
  • Legend
  • Mythology
  • Composed for theatrical performance
  • Conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action


William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Richard III, Wicked, and The Lion King

  • Verse and rhythmic writing
  • Imagery evokes an emotional response
  • Visually interesting
  • Interesting word choice (diction)
  • May or may not follow a rhyme scheme
  • Various types of poems
    • Haikus, epics, etc.

Examples: Tim Michin

short story
Short Story
  • Brief work of fiction
  • One central story without subplots
  • Contemporary short stories are oftentimes published in collections or magazines

Example: Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man’s Hard to Find”

  • Incorporates fantastical, magical, imaginative creatures or settings in a way that is essential
  • Suspension of disbelief

Example: J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings Trilogy

fables and fairy tales
Fables and Fairy Tales
  • Have similar characteristics to fantasy, but usually teach a moral or lesson
  • Fables usually have animals or inanimate objects as the main characters
  • Fairy tales employ goblins, fairies, trolls, etc.

Example: Grimm’s Fairy Tales

science fiction
Science Fiction
  • Based on the impact of potential science (actual or imagined)
  • Sometimes set in the future, alternate realities, or other planets


William S. Burroughs’s John Carter of Mars

realistic fiction
Realistic Fiction
  • Can happen in real life
historical fiction
Historical Fiction
  • Fictional characters
  • Fictional events
  • Has a historical setting
tall tale
Tall Tale
  • Exaggerated story
  • Usually humorous
  • Heroes achieve impossible feats
  • Legends are people who actually existed, but have stories told about them that contain imagined material

Can you think of any examples?

  • Explanation of natural phenomena
  • Human nature
  • Pertains to the actions of the gods
  • Shows a model of behavior