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Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation in High Energy Physics. Barry Barish BPA 5-Nov-02. Perspectives on HEP. The Structure of the Field Accelerators remain the most important tool to achieve the HEP science goals … “the energy frontier”

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interdisciplinary and interagency cooperation in high energy physics
Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

in

High Energy Physics

Barry Barish

BPA

5-Nov-02

perspectives on hep
Perspectives on HEP
  • The Structure of the Field
    • Accelerators remain the most important tool to achieve the HEP science goals … “the energy frontier”
    • HEP is dominantly “large science”, involving lots of resources (human and technical)
    • HEP experiments and the enabling tools are typically developed and implemented through international collaborations

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

perspective on hep
Perspective on HEP
  • The National Laboratories
    • Two large national laboratories – Fermilab and SLAC; plus ANL, BNL, LBNL and Cornell (NSF).
    • Most of the resources in the field (>80%) are concentrated in the big DoE laboratories
    • They provide major accelerator and detector facilities and provide much of the field’s technical infrastructure
    • They enable the development of future accelerators and detectors.

In the future, the national laboratories will continue to be at the center of particle physics, but the scope of their activities is expanding to include more interdisciplinary activities.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

perspective on hep1
Perspective on HEP
  • The Universities
    • HEP in the U.S. is built around a strong university-based community.
    • University faculty, graduate students and postdocs make up more than 80% of the scientists in the field.
    • University scientists provide training for our undergraduate and graduate students and renewal of the field

A healthy balance between universities and national laboratories is key to the success of the program.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

perspective on hep2
Perspective on HEP
  • Style of the agencies is different
    • DoE is laboratory and facility oriented
    • NSF is individual investigator oriented
    • NASA is mission oriented
  • Close cooperation between DoE & NSF in HEP
    • HEPAP now reports jointly to NSF and DoE
    • LHC is an excellent model for agency cooperation on a complex (international) project
  • Recent cooperation between DoE and NASA
    • GLAST is the largest cooperative project

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

the field of particle physics
The Field of Particle Physics

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

Commission on Particles and Fields

C11 Commission (1957)

The Mandate for C11:

“… the theory and experiment concerned with the nature and properties of the fundamental constituents of matter and the forces acting between these constituents”

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But, this definition is now too narrow. Particle physics has broadened its scope and is becoming more interdisciplinary !

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

slide7

The New Definition

“The Science of Matter, Energy, Space and Time”

The Paths and Goals of Particle Physics

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

the breadth of particle physics
The Breadth of Particle Physics
  • We have many tools at our disposal from forefront accelerators to satellites in space to experiments deep underground.

Accelerator

LHC Magnet

Space

The Soudan Mine

MINOS

The science requires forefront accelerators at the energy and luminosity frontiers. But, it also requires innovative experiments in space, underground, and away from accelerators.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

particle physics project prioritization panel p5
Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5)
  • Prioritization is central to carrying out a diverse, aggressive program of particle physics with limited resources
  • P5 is being created to monitor, set priorities and make choices for midsized projects (~ $50M to $500M), whether on accelerators or in space.

This was one of the primary recommendations from the recent long range plan for HEP. It is just being implemented.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

the particle physics roadmap
The Particle Physics Roadmap

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

astrophysics and particle physics icecube

WIMP Annihilation in Sun

Astrophysics and Particle PhysicsIceCube

Sensitivity similar to Genius

Characteristic signature for nt

interactions

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

cosmology and particle physics dark energy
Cosmology and Particle PhysicsDark Energy

The SNAP Dark Energy Detector. SNAP requires R&D to develop a detector with one billion CCD’s.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation

conclusions
Conclusions
  • As the scope of HEP broadens, projects that involve major commitments of multiple agencies are becoming more common.
    • Need to develop consistent methods for setting priorities, reporting, monitoring, oversight, etc.
  • HEP is a truly international field.
    • Major U.S. based projects typically involve significant international collaboration and resources. Major projects outside the U.S. typically have significant U.S.collaboration and resources.
    • Need to develop systems of planning, budgeting and reporting that will be satisfactory both our agencies and to our foreign partners.

Interdisciplinary and Interagency Cooperation