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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [ZigBee Tutorial] Da

Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [ZigBee Tutorial] Date Submitted: [July 2003] Source: [Ed Callaway] Company: [Motorola] Address: [8000 W. Sunrise Blvd, Plantation, Florida, 33322, USA]

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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [ZigBee Tutorial] Da

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  1. Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [ZigBee Tutorial] Date Submitted: [July 2003] Source: [Ed Callaway] Company: [Motorola] Address: [8000 W. Sunrise Blvd, Plantation, Florida, 33322, USA] Voice:[+1 954 723 8341], FAX: [+ 1 954 723 3712], E-Mail:[ed.callaway@motorola.com] Re: [ ZigBee / IEEE 802.15.4 draft 18 ] Abstract: [This contribution is a general overview of the ZigBee Alliance.] Purpose: [To describe ZigBee status.] Notice: This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release: The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P802.15. Ed Callaway, Motorola

  2. Submission Title: [02090r3ZB_MG-ZigBee-Tutorial] Date Submitted: [12 February 2003] Source: [Venkat Bahl ] Company [Philips] Re: [ZigBee Tutorial document: 02090r1ZB_MG-ZigBee-Tutorial2feb03] Abstract: [A short introduction to the ZigBee Alliance and the protocol.] Purpose: [To help acclimate of new members.] Notice: This document has been prepared to assist the ZigBee Alliance. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release:The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution will be posted in the member area of the ZigBee web site. Ed Callaway, Motorola

  3. Tutorial Ed Callaway, Motorola

  4. Mission Statement ZigBee Alliance members are defining global standards for reliable, cost-effective, low power wireless applications. The ZigBee Alliance is a rapidly growing, non-profit industry consortium of leading semiconductor manufacturers, technology providers, OEMs and end users worldwide. Ed Callaway, Motorola

  5. IEEE 802.15.4 Working Group Defining lower layers of protocol stack: MAC and PHY Available today ZigBee Alliance 50+ companies: semiconductor mfrs, IP providers, OEMs, etc. Defining upper layers of protocol stack: from network to application, including application profiles Initial draft available mid 2003 APPLICATION Customer ZIGBEE STACK ZigBee Alliance SILICON IEEE Development of the Standard Ed Callaway, Motorola

  6. The ZigBee Alliance Solution • Targeted at home and building automation and controls, consumer electronics, PC peripherals, medical monitoring, and toys • Industry standard through application profiles • Primary drivers are simplicity, long battery life, networking capabilities, reliability, and cost • Alliance provides interoperability and certification testing Ed Callaway, Motorola

  7. Proposals Proposal to IEEE ZigBee Alliance formed Initial MRD RSI/TRD v0.2 PAR Reviews Proposals History ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4 Completion 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Ed Callaway, Motorola

  8. The Wireless Market TEXT GRAPHICS INTERNET HI-FI AUDIO STREAMING VIDEO DIGITAL VIDEO MULTI-CHANNEL VIDEO LAN 802.11b 802.11a/HL2 & 802.11g SHORT < RANGE > LONG ZigBee PAN Bluetooth1 LOW < DATA RATE > HIGH Ed Callaway, Motorola

  9. INDUSTRIAL & COMMERCIAL Applications CONSUMER ELECTRONICS monitors sensors automation control TV VCR DVD/CD remote PC & PERIPHERALS PERSONAL HEALTH CARE monitors diagnostics sensors ZigBee LOW DATA-RATE RADIO DEVICES mouse keyboard joystick TOYS & GAMES HOME AUTOMATION consolesportables educational security HVAC lighting closures Ed Callaway, Motorola

  10. Market Requirements (1) • Global, license free ISM band operation • Unrestricted geographic use • RF penetration through walls & ceilings • Automatic/semi-automatic installation • Ability to add or remove devices • Cost advantageous Ed Callaway, Motorola

  11. Market Requirements (2) • 10k-115.2kbps data throughput • 10-75m coverage range • Up to 65k slave nodes per network • Up to 100 co-located networks • Up to 2 years of battery life on standard Alkaline batteries Ed Callaway, Motorola

  12. Frequencies and Data Rates BAND COVERAGE DATA RATE CHANNEL(S) 2.4 GHz ISM Worldwide 250 kbps 11-26 868 MHz Europe 20 kbps 0 915 MHz ISM Americas 40 kbps 1-10 Ed Callaway, Motorola

  13. Stack Reference Model End developer applications, designed using application profiles ZA1 ZA2 … ZAn IA1 IAn Application interface designed using general profile API UDP ZigBee NWK IP Topology management, MAC management, routing, discovery protocol, security management 802.2 LLC MAC (SSCS) Channel access, PAN maintenance, reliable data transport IEEE 802.15.4 MAC (CPS) Transmission & reception on the physical radio channel IEEE 802.15.4 PHY Ed Callaway, Motorola

  14. 8-bit microcontroller Full protocol stack <32 k Simple node-only stack ~4k Coordinators require extra RAM Node device database Transaction table Pairing table Protocol Stack Features APPLICATION Customer APPLICATION INTERFACE NETWORK LAYER DATA LINK LAYER ZigBee Alliance MAC LAYER MAC LAYER IEEE PHY LAYER Silicon ZigBee Stack Application Ed Callaway, Motorola

  15. Topology Models Mesh Star PAN coordinator Cluster Tree Full Function Device Reduced Function Device Ed Callaway, Motorola

  16. IEEE 802.15.4 MAC Overview • Employs 64-bit IEEE & 16-bit short addresses • One PAN coordinator & multiple RFDs/FFDs • Optional superframe structure with beacons • CSMA-CA channel access • Simple frame structure • Reliable delivery of data • Association/disassociation • GTS mechanism • AES-128 security Ed Callaway, Motorola

  17. Organization Structure Ed Callaway, Motorola

  18. More Information ZigBee Alliance web site http://www.ZigBee.org IEEE 802.15.4 web site http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG4.html Ed Callaway, Motorola

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