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Day 139: The Eisenhower Era. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 12, 2012 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Reading Check. 1. This is where Ho Chi Minh scored a victory against the French in Indochina in 1954.

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day 139 the eisenhower era

Day 139: The Eisenhower Era

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

April 12, 2012

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

reading check
Reading Check

1. This is where Ho Chi Minh scored a victory against the French in Indochina in 1954.

2. Gamal Abdul Nasser led this nation and decided to nationalize this strategic waterway (2).

3. He served as President Eisenhower’s Secretary of State.

4. He led Cuba from the 1930’s to 1959 when this Communist took control of the country (2).

5. This individual was propped up by a coup by the CIA in 1953 to lead Iran.

the eisenhower era 1952 1960
The Eisenhower Era 1952-1960

Objectives:

Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.

Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.

Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.

Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.

AP Focus

Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.

Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.

Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.

rise and fall of joseph mccarthy
Rise and Fall of Joseph McCarthy

Accused Dean Acheson of employing 205 known Communists

only 57 genuine communists and never rooted out 1

Accused General George Marshall of a huge conspiracy

Ike tried to stay out of the gutter with McCarthy

Deprived government of Asian specialists that may have helped with Vietnam

dictated personnel at the State Department

Army-McCarthy Hearings

Died in 1957 of chronic alcoholism

desegregating american society
Desegregating American Society

Segregation

15 million African-Americans

2/3 still lived in the South

Emmett Till in 1955

Segregation tarnished American’s international image

North moves first

equal access, baseball, Sweatt v. Painter (1950)

Rosa Parks-December 1955

Montgomery bus boycott

MLK

seeds of the civil rights revolution
Seeds of the Civil Rights Revolution

Truman commissioned “To Secure These Rights”

ended segregation in 1948 in federal civil service/military

Earl Warren

Brown v. Board

Border States made more effort than the deep South

Ike not on board

did send federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas

1957-1st Civil Rights Act since Reconstruction

Civil Rights Commission

eisenhower republicanism at home
Eisenhower Republicanism at Home

Limited Federal Government

Cut back on Truman’s military buildup

military spending 10% of GNP

oil fields went to state control

attempted to curb the TVA

Dixon/Yates controversy

private power company to build a generating plant to compete with the public utility born during the Great Depression

HEW-free distribution of the Salk anti-polio vaccine as “socialized medicine”

Federal Highway Act of 1956

42,000 miles of highway

$27 billion dollars

Mobilize the troops anywhere

Killed the train

revising taft hartley
Revising Taft-Hartley

Landrum-Griffin Act 1959

bring labor leaders book for financial shenanigans and bullying tactics

The Teamsters and Hoffa caused the conversation for reform to occur

class discussion
Class Discussion

1. Begin 1950’s chart

2. Complete Korean Conflict Chart

homework
Homework

Read Chapter 35

Prepare for 5 question reading check on Tuesday