Day 139: The Eisenhower Era. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 12, 2012 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Reading Check. 1. This is where Ho Chi Minh scored a victory against the French in Indochina in 1954.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
April 12, 2012
A.P. U.S. History
1. This is where Ho Chi Minh scored a victory against the French in Indochina in 1954.
2. Gamal Abdul Nasser led this nation and decided to nationalize this strategic waterway (2).
3. He served as President Eisenhower’s Secretary of State.
4. He led Cuba from the 1930’s to 1959 when this Communist took control of the country (2).
5. This individual was propped up by a coup by the CIA in 1953 to lead Iran.
Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.
Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.
Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.
Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.
Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.
Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.
Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.
Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.
Accused Dean Acheson of employing 205 known Communists
only 57 genuine communists and never rooted out 1
Accused General George Marshall of a huge conspiracy
Ike tried to stay out of the gutter with McCarthy
Deprived government of Asian specialists that may have helped with Vietnam
dictated personnel at the State Department
Died in 1957 of chronic alcoholism
15 million African-Americans
2/3 still lived in the South
Emmett Till in 1955
Segregation tarnished American’s international image
North moves first
equal access, baseball, Sweatt v. Painter (1950)
Rosa Parks-December 1955
Montgomery bus boycott
Truman commissioned “To Secure These Rights”
ended segregation in 1948 in federal civil service/military
Brown v. Board
Border States made more effort than the deep South
Ike not on board
did send federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas
1957-1st Civil Rights Act since Reconstruction
Civil Rights Commission
Limited Federal Government
Cut back on Truman’s military buildup
military spending 10% of GNP
oil fields went to state control
attempted to curb the TVA
private power company to build a generating plant to compete with the public utility born during the Great Depression
HEW-free distribution of the Salk anti-polio vaccine as “socialized medicine”
Federal Highway Act of 1956
42,000 miles of highway
$27 billion dollars
Mobilize the troops anywhere
Killed the train
Landrum-Griffin Act 1959
bring labor leaders book for financial shenanigans and bullying tactics
The Teamsters and Hoffa caused the conversation for reform to occur
1. Begin 1950’s chart
2. Complete Korean Conflict Chart
Read Chapter 35
Prepare for 5 question reading check on Tuesday