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PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • PHL 458 Week 1 Individual Assignment Critical Thinking and Society Presentation
  • PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 1
  • PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 2
  • PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 3
  • PHL 458 Week 2 Individual Assignment Solve a Problem Journal
  • PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 1
  • PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 2
  • PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 3
  • Neurophysiologist research suggests that human thinking has two distinct phases which are complementary in making decisions or solving problems. The first, or production phase, is associated with our creative thinking- seeing the familiar in a novel way, generating a variety of ideas, and a willingness to take imaginative risks; the second, or judgment phase, kicks in our critical thinking, as the mind goes to work evaluating

PHL 458 Entire Course

PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 1


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • Debating moral questions is important as we seek to solve problems or face complex issues in life. Our text mentions four working principles, as we evaluate the obligations, ideals, consequences and circumstances in a situation (Ruggiero, 2009, pp. 41-42). [Chapter 2: “The Basis of Moral Judgment”] Select ONE of the cases included in our text on pages 46-47 [Application 2.6 at end of CH 2], using the following criteria
  • Some of the most innovative people were branded by their contemporaries as slow learners (Winston Churchill), clumsy (Martha Graham), stupid (Thomas Edison), or unimpressive (Albert Einstein). Yet these individuals persisted in developing their creative and critical thinking abilities, refusing to define themselves by other people’s assessments.

PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 2

PHL 458 Week 1 DQ 3


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  • Present  on each of the following topics with a slide or two/bullet:
  • Describe a situation in which critical and creative thought could have been used for a better outcome. This could be a personal or societal problem or issue. Describe why it is important to think critically and creatively in similar situations (2 slides).
  • Looking over a list of the world’s inventions is in itself a good reminder that we each “stand on the shoulders” of those who have gone before us. It also brings to mind the fact that we take a lot for granted. Doing this exercise we may even come to think that all the world’s inventions are already here and in use. What an interesting creativity-blocker that could be!

PHL 458 Week 1 Individual Assignment Critical Thinking and Society Presentation

PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 1


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  • Week 2 DQ 2
  • This Discussion Question will invite each of us to “borrow” from a Famous Thinker. Select any ONE Thinker from our Electronic Reserve Readings list who effected social change. Read the article(s) for that Thinker, and in a Post of 250 to 300 words, respond to the following questions:
  • 2.1 Describe some strategies employed by your famous thinker to activate his or her imagination, such as uncommon responses, free association, analogy, unusual combinations, visualization, pro and con arguments, and relevant scenarios.
  • This Discussion Question will invite each of us to do a Controversial Issues Brainstorming session. Note that our text makes a key distinction between a problem and an issue, both of which call us to use our creative and critical thinking skills, to come up with innovative solutions or novel approaches. Inventors and scientists focus more on problems, while politicians, parents and leaders address human issues.

PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 2

PHL 458 Week 2 DQ 3


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  • Create a Solution Journal in which you use the creative process to solve a problem with which you have experience. Include the following:
  • Describe each stage in the creative process using Ch. 5 of your text (Entry 1).
  • Search for a personal challenge. Explain how you used the techniques to develop curiosity in your search (see Ch. 6) (Entry 2).
  • Week 3 DQ 1
  • Each of us makes assumptions continually in a typical day, and many of them are hidden. Clearly this is an important potential obstacle of clear or critical thinking. Stephen Covey recognized this when he said, “We simply assume that the way we see things is the way they really are or the way they should be. And our attitudes and behaviors grow out of these” ( Marshall McLuhan called us to an ongoing review of our assumptions: “Most of our assumptions have outlived their usefulness” (

PHL 458 Week 2 Individual Assignment Solve a Problem Journal

PHL 458 Week 3 DQ 1


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • Chapter 11 in our text is about solving problems we encounter in our personal, professional or vocational lives. Most of us can call up a problem that can be worked on from either of these domains, fairly easy. Practice in problem-solving is also a major goal of this course. Select one problem that is current or as recent as possible for you in one of these areas (or if you cannot come up with one, select one problem covered in Chapter 11),
  • Chapter 12 in our text helps us critically think through arguments and issues we may face in our lives. Errors may affect the truth of the issue, they may affect the validity of a premise or conclusion, or a hidden premise that may side-track a solution. Dealing with simple or complex arguments takes practice.
  • Select ONE of the Applications on pp. 222-224, and practice your creative and critical skills by responding to the following questions, for that Application

PHL 458 Week 3 DQ 2

PHL 458 Week 3 DQ 3


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • Most great solutions to problems begin with some initial flaws. Quality solutions arise by refining ideas. Refine your solution to the problem defined in your Week Two Individual Assignment by following the Three Steps in Refining process outlined in Ch. 10 and Ch. 11 of your text.
  • Produce your refinements using ONE form of Visual Organizer (see below). Include the following components in your Organizer
  • Refine your team’s solution to the issue defined in the Week Two Learning Team Instructions by following Ch. 12 (overcoming errors in reasoning) and Ch. 13 (refining resolutions) of the text.
  • Create an 8- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation.
  • Use detailed speaker notes to describe your team’s experience at each stage, and post Presentation as instructed. 

PHL 458 Week 3 Individual Assignment Refining Solutions Visual Organizer

PHL 458 Week 3 Individual Assignment


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • Week 4 DQ 1
  • Select one of the famous thinkers from our class supplemental reading, and read the articles listed for your person. Then in a Response of 200 to 250 words, respond to the following questions (you may select the same person you researched in Week 2):
  • How did your person refine his or her solution?
  • Survey the list of Problem-solving Strategies posted in the class Materials forum. You may want to refer to a website which explores many of these methods or techniques used in business or problem-solving to address complex issues or problems ( Select just one of these Strategies and in a Response of 200 to 250 words, respond to the following:
  • 2.1  What is the nature of the strategy you selected (define and describe it)?

PHL 458 Week 4 DQ 1

PHL 458 Week 4 DQ 2


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • 3.1 The history of philosophy is full of minor and major philosophers who have used deductive logic to address the tough perennial questions of life related to metaphysics (what is real), epistemology (what is true), and ethics (what is the good life). Some of the issues they have responded to have been quite esoteric, such as where or how the human brain “connects” with the mind and thinking process (Plato & Descartes).
  • Select and read the articles about two famous thinkers in the Week Four Electronic Reserve Readings. Find additional articles in the University Library or on the Internet.
  • Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper. Include the following:
  • Information about the thinkers’ contributions to society
  • Each thinkers’ personal/ social/ political environments and how you think these factors contributed to their creativity

PHL 458 Week 4 DQ 3

PHL 458 Week 4 Individual Assignment Famous Thinkers Paper


PHL 458 tutor peer educator

  • Week 5 Final IQ
  • Most of us do not think about our legacy in our twenties or thirties or forties. Somewhere in our fifties, or at midlife, we begin to wonder what our legacy will be to our kids, our family, our community and workers, and our world. Legacy can be defined as “”.
  • Our use of what we have learned in this course, critical and creative thinking skills and methods, does have something to do with our legacy. 
  • Use the issue addressed in your previous Learning Team Activity and Assignment.
  • Select the most appropriate format to persuade your intended audience of the resolution to your issue. Possible formats include a political campaign, a city council proposal, an editorial article, a commercial, a radio-style podcast, a comprehensive political pamphlet, an interactive game, a website, and so forth.
  • Explain why you chose your format for your intended audience.

PHL 458 Week 5 Final IQ

PHL 458 Week 5 Team Assignment Persuasive Communication Presentation