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Past Passive Voice. Español III – Sra. McNally. Active/ Passive Voice definition. A verb is said to be active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject . El pintor pinto un bodegon

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past passive voice

Past Passive Voice

Español III – Sra. McNally

active passive voice definition
Active/ Passive Voice definition

A verb is said to be active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject.

El pintor pinto un bodegon

A verb is said to be passive voice when the action it expresses is performed upon its subject.

El bodegonfuepintadopor el artista

active passive examples
Active / Passive examples

active voice

The coach instructed the players.

The subject performs the action.

Passive voice

The players were instructed by the coach.

The subject receives the action.

passive or active
Passive or active?
  • The album was received unfavorably by the fans.
  • The student body elects its council reps.
  • Angelo’s courageous act averted a tragedy.
  • A bit part was played by the well-known actor.
  • Someone at the airport recognized the popular actor.
  • A volunteer usually leads the discussions.
  • That counting game is played by more than one person.
  • A prophet’s warnings are usually ignored at first.
  • WC Handy composed many famous jazz pieces.
  • Handy’s contributions to music are appreciated by many listeners.
slide5

Passive or active?

The album was received unfavorably by the fans. p

The student body elects its council reps. a

Angelo’s courageous act averted a tragedy. a

A bit part was played by the well-known actor. p

Someone at the airport recognized the popular actor.a

A volunteer usually leads the discussions. a

That counting game is played by more than one person.p

A prophet’s warnings are usually ignored at first.p

WC Handy composed many famous jazz pieces.a

Handy’s contributions to music are appreciated by many listeners. p

passive voice in spanish
Passive voice in Spanish

Passive voice is always made with the same pattern.

Ser + past participle

If you look at the examples, ser is the first part of the passive voice structure followed by a past participle in English.

slide7

The past participle will be important in future lessons covering the perfect tenses. To form the past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado (for -ar verbs) or -ido(for -er, -ir verbs).

  • Pintar _ pintado
  • Actuar – actuado
  • Esculpir- esculpido
  • Leer- leído
  • The following common verbs have irregular past participles:
  • Abrir –abierto escribir-escrito
  • Cubrir- cubierto hacer-hecho
  • Decir-dichoponer- puesto
  • Ver-vistocomponer- compuesto
past passive voice1
Past passive voice

The pattern is the same as present passive voice.

Ser + past participle

The only difference is instead of conjugating ser in the present tense, it is now in the preterite tense.

Ser (preterite tense) + past participle

slide10

Look at the passive examples.

The album was received unfavorably by the fans.

A bit part was played by the well-known actor.

That counting game is played by more than one person.

A prophet’s warnings are usually ignored at first.

Handy’s contributions to music are appreciated by many listeners.

Do you see the ser and past participles going to happen?

remember
REMEMBER

Remember regular past participles are made by adding –ado or –ido to the stem.

There are the irregulars.

Abierto / visto / puesto / dicho / cubierto / escrito / vuelto / hecho / muerto / roto

passive voice
Passive voice

Passive voice is made using ser (preterite tense) + past participle.

The book was written…

El librofueescrito

The map was read…

El mapafueleído.

passive voice1
Passive voice

Unlike the perfect tenses, the past participle will agree with the subject of the sentence.

La mesa fuepuesta…

The table was set…

practice
Practice

The rule was made by the teacher.

The house was dreamed by the artist.

The alarm clock was thrown by the child.

The closet was cleaned by the manager.

The storm was photographed (sacarfoto) by the person.

The bottle was broken by the referee.

vozpasiva

Por y para

answers
Answers

The rule was made by the teacher.

La regla fue hecha por la profesora.

The house was dreamed by the artist.

La casa fue soñada por el artista

The alarm clock was thrown by the child.

El despertador fue tirado por el chico.

por y para
Por y Para
  • ¿Cuándo se usapor?
  • ¿Cuándo se usapara?
  • Relaciona en la hoja de trabajo.
tarea para el miercoles escribe oraciones en voz pasiva escribe minimo 8 palabras en cada oraci n
TAREA para el miercoles: Escribeoraciones en vozpasiva. Escribeminimo 8 palabras en cadaoración

C

Mural

A

B

D

G

H

F

E

J

I

tarea para el mi rcoles
Tareapara el miércoles
  • Describe un librofamosohispano, unapelículafamosaamericana y unapinturaespañolafamosa. En tudescripcionusaadjetivodemostrativo, vozpasiva, comparativos o superlativos, detalles de la obra. Dibuja o pegaunafoto de cadaobraobra de arte descrita. Mira el ejemplo:

Estaobrafuepintadapor Leonardo da Vinci. EstaobrafuehechaparaLisa Gherardini.

Es una de laspinturasmasvisitadas en el museo de Louvre, Francia.

Es unapinturacarisima.

Este portaretratopertenece a la épocadel renacimiento. Representa a unamujerenigmática.

slide21

Estaobrafuepintadapor Leonardo da Vinci. EstaobrafuehechaparaLisa Gherardini.

Es una de laspinturasmasvisitadas en el museo de Louvre, Francia.

Es unapinturacarisima.

Este portaretratopertenece a la épocadel renacimiento. Representa a unamujerenigmática.

Descripción de unaobra de arte