slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Thematic Map Design PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Thematic Map Design

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Thematic Map Design - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 309 Views
  • Uploaded on

Thematic Map Design. Thematic Map: Map that represents a particular theme or topic. Population Density, Literacy Rate, Temperature, etc. >> A limited set of features is represented in order to focus attention on the thematic symbols – symbols that represent the map’s theme.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Thematic Map Design' - vea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Thematic Map Design

  • Thematic Map: Map that represents a particular theme or topic.
    • Population Density, Literacy Rate, Temperature, etc. >>
    • A limited set of features is represented in order to focus attention on the thematic symbols – symbols that represent the map’s theme.
  • Map Design: Process in which maps are conceived and created.
    • Driven by the needs of the map user.
    • Primary Goal: Creation of simple, clear maps that effectively communicate geographic information.
    • Involves the appropriate selection and implementation of Map Elements – the building blocks of map making.
  • Map Elements…
slide2

Map Elements

(Listed in the order of placement)

  • Frame Line
    • Defines the initial available space
  • Mapped Area
  • The geographic region being represented
  • Title & Subtitle
  • Title describes the map’s theme;
  • Subtitle further explains the title
  • Legend
  • Defines thematic symbols
  • Data Source
  • Describes origin of thematic data
  • Scale
  • Indicates amount of reduction, or allows the map user to take measurements
  • North Arrow
  • Indicates direction
slide3

General Rules

  • More important map elements should stand out; less important elements should not attract as much attention.
  • 2. Overall design should be well-balanced. >>

General Order of Importance

Not to be confused with the order of placement

listed on the previous slide

  • 1. Mapped Area (Them. Symb.)
  • 2. Title, Subtitle
  • 3. Legend
  • 4. Data Source
  • 5. Scale
  • 6. North Arrow
  • 7. Frame Line
slide4

Frame Line

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. A single, thin line should be used.

Edge of page

Frame Line

slide5

Mapped Area

  • 1. Should always be used - it isn’t a map without it!
  • 2. Should be as large as possible without being 'too close' to the frame line, and while leaving ample room for other map elements. >>
  • 3. Should be horizontally (side-to-side) and vertically (top-to-bottom) centered within the available space, as defined by the frame line.
slide6

Title

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Should express the map’s theme, preferably at the beginning. >>
  • 3. Should normally be the largest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case. >>
  • 5. Should be succinct - unnecessary words should be omitted. >>
  • 6. Abbreviations should be avoided.
  • 7. A legible type family should be used.
slide7

Title (continued)

  • 8. Should have a plain style (avoid bold and italic). >>
  • 9. Should be limited to one line.
  • 10. The word “map” should not appear.
  • 11. Should be horizontally (side-to-side) centered within the frame line if possible.
  • 12. Should be placed toward the top of the map if possible, vertically (top-to-bottom) centered between the mapped area and the frame line.
slide8

Subtitle

  • 1. Usually contains the date and/or geographic region. >>
  • 2. Should be visibly smaller than the title (at least 2 points smaller).
  • 3. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 4. Should employ the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 5. Should be limited to one line.
  • 6. Should be horizontally centered with the title. >>
  • 7. Should be located directly below the title.
slide9

Legend

  • 1. Should always be used, unless the thematic symbols can be interpreted without it.
  • 2. Representative symbols should be placed on the left and defined on the right. >>
  • 3. Should be large enough to be used easily, but should not occupy vast areas of space. >
  • 4. Legend definitions should employ the same type family as the title.
  • 5. Should be horizontally and vertically centered within the available space.
slide10

Legend Heading

  • 1. Normally contains the unit of measure and/or enumeration unit (country, state, etc.)
  • 2. Should be smaller than the subtitle.
  • 3. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 4. Should employ the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 5. Multiple lines of type should be horizontally centered with one another. >>
  • 6. The word “Legend” should not appear.
slide11

Legend Heading

(continued)

  • 7. Should be horizontally centered with the legend. >>
  • 8. Should be placed directly above the legend.
slide12

Data Source

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Contains the source of thematic data. Similar to a bibliographic reference, but is usually less formal. >>
  • 3. Should be among the smallest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 5. Should have the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 6. Multiple lines of type should be horizontally centered with one another.
slide13

Data Source

(continued)

  • 7. The word “Source:” should appear at the beginning.
  • 8. Should be horizontally centered with the legend.
  • 9. Should be located directly below the legend.
slide14

Scale

(Representative Fraction)

  • 1. A scale should be used in most cases. >>
  • 2. Type should be among the smallest on a map.
  • 3. Should have the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 4. Should be horizontally and vertically centered within the available space, below the mapped area if possible.
slide15

Scale

(Bar Scale)

  • In addition to the previous rules:
  • 1. A bar scale is preferred to a representative fraction on most thematic maps.
  • 2. The maximum distance of a bar scale should be round and easy to work with. >>
  • 3. Bulky, complex bar scale designs should be avoided in favor of subtle, simple designs.
  • 4. Bar scales should not have excessive height.
  • 5. The bar scale should be long enough (wide enough) to be useful, but not so long as to be cumbersome. >>
slide16

North Arrow

  • 1. Should only be used if the map is not oriented with north at the top, or if the map will be used for navigation, surveying, orienteering, etc.
  • 2. Bulky and complex designs should be avoided in favor or subtle, simple designs. >>
  • 3. Should be relatively small.

Go to Slide 18

slide19

Mapped Area

  • 1. Should always be used - it isn’t a map without it!
  • 2. Should be as large as possible without being 'too close' to the frame line, and while leaving ample room for other map elements.
  • 3. Should be horizontally (side-to-side) and vertically (top-to-bottom) centered within the available space, as defined by the frame line.

Back to Slide 5

slide20

Title

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Should express the map’s theme, preferably at the beginning.
  • 3. Should normally be the largest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 5. Should be succinct - unnecessary words should be omitted.
  • 6. Abbreviations should be avoided.
  • 7. A legible type family should be used.

Back to Slide21

slide21

Title (continued)

  • 8. Should have a plain style (avoid bold and italic).
  • 9. Should be limited to one line.
  • 10. The word “map” should not appear.
  • 11. Should be horizontally (side-to-side) centered within the frame line if possible.
  • 12. Should be placed toward the top of the map if possible, vertically (top-to-bottom) centered between the mapped area and the frame line.

Back to Slide 6

Back to Slide7

slide22

Subtitle

  • 1. Usually contains the date and/or geographic region.
  • 2. Should be visibly smaller than the title (at least 2 points smaller).
  • 3. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 4. Should employ the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 5. Should be limited to one line.
  • 6. Should be horizontally centered with the title.
  • 7. Should be located directly below the title.

Back to Slide 8

slide23

Subtitle

  • 1. Usually contains the date and/or geographic region.
  • 2. Should be visibly smaller than the title (at least 2 points smaller).
  • 3. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 4. Should employ the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 5. Should be limited to one line.
  • 6. Should be horizontally centered with the title.
  • 7. Should be located directly below the title.

Back to Slide 8

slide24

Legend

  • 1. Should always be used, unless the thematic symbols can be interpreted without it.
  • 2. Representative symbols should be placed on the left and defined on the right.
  • 3. Should be large enough to be used easily, but should not occupy vast areas of space.
  • 4. Legend definitions should employ the same type family as the title.
  • 5. Should be horizontally and vertically centered within the available space.

Back to Slide 9

slide25

Legend

  • 1. Should always be used, unless the thematic symbols can be interpreted without it.
  • 2. Representative symbols should be placed on the left and defined on the right.
  • 3. Should be large enough to be used easily, but should not occupy vast areas of space.
  • 4. Legend definitions should employ the same type family as the title.
  • 5. Should be horizontally and vertically centered within the available space.

Back to Slide 9

slide26

Legend Heading

(continued)

  • 7. Should be horizontally centered with the legend.
  • 8. Should be placed directly above the legend.

Back to Slide 11

slide27

Scale

(Bar Scale)

  • In addition to the previous rules:
  • 1. A bar scale is preferred to a representative fraction on most thematic maps.
  • 2. The maximum distance of a bar scale should be round and easy to work with.
  • 3. Bulky, complex bar scale designs should be avoided in favor of subtle, simple designs.
  • 4. Bar scales should not have excessive height.
  • 5. The bar scale should be long enough (wide enough) to be useful, but not so long as to be cumbersome.

Back to Slide 15

slide28

Data Source

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Contains the source of thematic data. Similar to a bibliographic reference, but is usually less formal.
  • 3. Should be among the smallest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 5. Should have the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 6. Multiple lines of type should be horizontally centered with one another.

Back to Slide 12

slide29

Scale

(Representative Fraction)

  • 1. A scale should be used in most cases.
  • 2. Type should be among the smallest on a map.
  • 3. Should have the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 4. Should be horizontally and vertically centered within the available space, below the mapped area if possible.

Back to Slide 14

slide30

Scale

(Bar Scale)

  • In addition to the previous rules:
  • 1. A bar scale is preferred to a representative fraction on most thematic maps.
  • 2. The maximum distance of a bar scale should be round and easy to work with.
  • 3. Bulky, complex bar scale designs should be avoided in favor of subtle, simple designs.
  • 4. Bar scales should not have excessive height.
  • 5. The bar scale should be long enough (wide enough) to be useful, but not so long as to be cumbersome.

Back to Slide 15

slide31

North Arrow

  • 1. Should only be used if the map is not oriented with north at the top, or if the map will be used for navigation, surveying, orienteering, etc.
  • 2. Bulky and complex designs should be avoided in favor of subtle, simple designs.
  • 3. Should be relatively small.

Back to Slide 16

slide32

Title

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Should express the map’s theme, preferably at the beginning.
  • 3. Should normally be the largest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 5. Should be succinct - unnecessary words should be omitted.
  • 6. Abbreviations should be avoided.
  • 7. A legible type family should be used.

Back to Slide 6

slide33

General Rules

  • More important map elements should stand out; less important elements should not attract as much attention.
  • 2. Overall design should be well-balanced.

General Order of Importance

Not to be confused with the order of placement

listed on the previous slide

  • 1. Mapped Area (Them. Symb.)
  • 2. Title, Subtitle
  • 3. Legend
  • 4. Data Source
  • 5. Scale
  • 6. North Arrow
  • 7. Frame Line

Back to Slide 3

slide34

Legend Heading

  • 1. Normally contains the unit of measure and/or enumeration unit (country, state, etc.)
  • 2. Should be smaller than the subtitle.
  • 3. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 4. Should employ the same typeface (type family and type style) as the title.
  • 5. Multiple lines of type should be horizontally centered with one another.
  • 6. The word “Legend” should not appear.

Back to Slide10

slide35

Title

  • 1. Should always be used.
  • 2. Should express the map’s theme, preferably at the beginning.
  • 3. Should normally be the largest type on a map.
  • 4. Should be set in Title Case.
  • 5. Should be succinct - unnecessary words should be omitted.
  • 6. Abbreviations should be avoided.
  • 7. A legible type family should be used.

Back to Slide 6