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The Right to Vote. Chapter 6 Section 1. Key Terms. Suffrage Franchise Electorate Disenfranchised Poll Tax. Suffrage- means the right to vote Franchise- is a synonym for the right to vote Electorate- The potential voting public. 1789 right to vote was for white males who own property

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The Right to Vote


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. The Right to Vote Chapter 6 Section 1

    2. Key Terms • Suffrage • Franchise • Electorate • Disenfranchised • Poll Tax

    3. Suffrage- means the right to vote • Franchise- is a synonym for the right to vote • Electorate- The potential voting public

    4. 1789 right to vote was for white males who own property • 1 in 15 could vote • Owning a donkey was considered property • Started to ease restrictions on the right to vote • 230 million people over the age of 18 qualified to vote • Direct result of suffrage

    5. Extending Suffrage • 1 Struggle to extend voting rights in the early 1800’s • No religion test since 1810 • Eliminate property ownership and tax payment • Mid century all white males could vote

    6. 2 Followed the civil War • 15th Amendment (1870) protect citizens of any race to vote • African Americans were systematically denied the right to vote • Disenfranchised- citizens denied the right to vote because of sex

    7. 3. The 19th amendment- prohibited right to vote because of sex • 1920 completed • Wyoming in 1869 as a territory gave women the right to vote

    8. 1960’s • Civil rights Act of 1965 • Focused on securing a full role ion the electoral process. • Racial equality finally became a fact in the polling place • 23rd amendment- added voters of District of Columbia in Presidential elections. • 24th amendment (1964) eliminated poll tax

    9. 5th and largest expansion • Adoption of the 26th Amendment (1971) • Lowered the voting age to 18 • No sate could set a voting age at more than 18

    10. The Power to Set Voting Qualifications • Constitution does not give the Federal, but does give it to the State • Constitution places 5 restrictions • 1) anyone allowed to vote must be allowed to vote for representatives and senators • Can vote in all elections within the state • 2) No state can deprive any person the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous servitude. (15th Amendment)

    11. 3) No person can deprive the person the right to vote because of sex (19th Amendment) • 4) No state can receive payment as a condition for nomination or election as an office holder • 26th Amendment • 5) No state can deprive any person who is 18 the right to vote