Expanding the Right to Vote. Right to Vote. Suffrage = franchise = right to vote. General Trends. Growing role of federal government in defining who can vote through constitutional amendments Growing expansion of people entitled to vote. Stages of Expanding Suffrage.
Right to Vote Suffrage = franchise = right to vote
General Trends • Growing role of federal government in defining who can vote through constitutional amendments • Growing expansion of people entitled to vote
Stages of Expanding Suffrage Early 1800’s: elimination of religious qualifications, property ownership and current tax payments. Post-Civil War: 15th Amendment barred racial discrimination in voting. 1920: 19th Amendment barred gender discrimination. 1960’s: 23rd Amendment (1961) added voters in the District of Columbia to the presidential electorate; 24th Amendment (1964) eliminated the poll tax; Voting Rights Act (1965) effected 15th Amendment. 1971: 26th Amendment gave the right to vote to those 18 or older.
Major Civil Rights Laws 1964 Civil Rights Act: -outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment -ended federal funding for segregated school districts -forbid the use of any voter registration or literacy requirements in an unfair or discriminatory manner
Major Civil Rights Laws (cont.) 1965 Voting Rights Act -attorney general appointed federal voting examiners in counties with a history of discrimination, empowered them to register voters and oversee conduct of elections -preclearance by the Justice Department required for any change in election law in areas with a history of discrimination
Major Civil Rights Laws (cont.) 1975 Amendments to the Voting Rights Act -extended voter-examiner and preclearance provisions to areas where 5% or more of the voting age population belongs to a certain “language minority”. -ballots and other official election materials must be printed in English and the language of the minority.
Review Questions • Franchise is the right to _____. • African-Americans gained the right to vote through the (number) Amendment. • The _____ Act outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment. • The _____ Act appointed federal voting examiners and required preclearance by the Justice Department of any election law change. • The 1975 Amendments extended Voting Rights Act provisions to _____.