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SABLE S ystem A utomated B alance and L oad E ngineering Overview. August 2008. SABLE History. Cargo version developed for DHL Aviation in 2002 Complete development took 9 months First used in production in October 2002

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sable history
SABLE History
  • Cargo version developed for DHL Aviation in 2002
  • Complete development took 9 months
  • First used in production in October 2002
  • Deployed in 180 stations worldwide and currently used by 32 cargo operators and 2500 users
  • Approved by multiple CAA’s and US FAA authorities
sable history3
SABLE History
  • Passenger development started in January 2008 and is technically based on the cargo version
  • Development time 10 months
  • SABLE is one of the few next generation W&B systems and is AHM565 compliant
  • Software owned by DHL Aviation
  • Software developed, maintained and marketed by B.Rekencentra nv
sable what is it used for
SABLE : What is it used for?
  • Trim aircraft and decide how to distribute the load on the aircraft
      • Taking the technical limitations of the aircraft into account
      • Taking dangerous goods into account
      • Taking commercial requirements into account
  • Weight & Balance for cargo, passengers and combi flights
  • Produce the Load Plan / LIR necessary to load the aircraft
  • Produce the Load Sheet (legal documentation) to operate the aircraft with the load on board.
  • Generate the Messages for distribution in the network.
  • It is a safety critical application
sable operational benefits
SABLE : Operational benefits
  • Safety
    • No production of documentation as soon as 1 limit is exceeded
    • Transparent for the user:
      • Prevents data entry errors
      • Data entry fully controlled by the system
      • Visual aids when data is incomplete or incoherent
  • High performance
    • Extremely user friendly
    • Fully automated process resulting in less time required to trim a flight
    • Messaging system avoids manual data entry
    • Critical times monitor anticipates delays in W&B process
  • Intelligent load planning
    • Automatic positioning of baggage and cargo load to optimize load
    • Prediction of cargo load buildup to optimize trim and load
  • Fuel conservation
    • Optimal trim is aimed for
    • Flexible setup of route variables to minimize load
    • Flexible setup of standard weights
sable functional highlights
SABLEFunctional highlights
  • Visual representation of decks and load (colors and icons)
  • Automatic assignment of route variables at flight creation
    • Cockpit crew
    • Cabin crew
    • Potable Water
    • Catering
    • Cabin Dressing
  • Route variables definable per:
    • Aircraft type
    • Aircraft registration
    • Number of passengers
  • Passenger weights per
    • Class
    • Class and Gender
    • Class and per class per gender
  • Automatic assignment of passengers over cabins with upgrade rules
sable functional highlights7
SABLEFunctional highlights
  • Baggage
    • Automatic calculation of required baggage in ULD and Hold5
    • Rule set to automatically combine different baggage types
    • Rule set to distribute transfer baggage
    • Automatic assignment of position to obtain optimal trim
  • Cargo
    • Automatic prediction of cargo ULD buildup
    • Automatic assignment of position to obtain optimal trim and load
  • Manual corrections
    • All information is displayed in one location
    • All information can be manually modified
  • Cabin
    • Block / unblock a seat
    • Cabin loaded freight
    • Stretcher installation
    • Use of jump seats / cabin crew seats (PAD)
sable functional highlights8
SABLEFunctional highlights
  • Load freight by
    • Drag and drop
    • Automatic loading procedure
    • Dummy weights for simulations
  • Missing restraints resulting in weight limitations
  • Multiple deck configurations can be mixed
  • Load sheet
    • Not producible if checks are violated
    • Every version is kept in the database (PDF)
    • History can be viewed & printed again
  • Configurable for virtually every A/C type
sable functional highlights9
SABLEFunctional highlights
  • Executed checks
    • CG at ZWF, TW, TOW and LW
    • Lateral imbalance
    • Unsymmetrical load
    • Aircraft weights
    • Position weight
    • Floor limits per deck
    • Linear load per deck
    • Cumulative loads per zone
    • Mixed load (compressible versus uncompressible)
    • Dangerous goods (location and adjacency rules)
  • System Security
    • All functions and actions protected by access authorization rules
sable functional highlights10
SABLEFunctional highlights
  • Critical Times Monitor
    • Shows W&B actions in a Gantt chart
    • Alerts when action is too late
    • Entry of certain actual times manually
    • Browser enabled
    • Can be used by load planners and TCOs (Redcaps)
    • View and modify data (protected by access rights)
    • View and print flight documentation
    • Entry of LMC (future functionality)
sable included a c types
SABLE: Included A/C types
  • Convair 580
  • McDonnell Douglas
    • DC8
    • DC10
    • MD11
  • Lockheed
    • L188
  • Tupolev
    • TU204C
  • Aerospatiale
    • ATR42
  • Airbus
    • A300
    • A340
  • Boeing
    • B727
    • B737
    • B747
    • B757
    • B767
sable technology
SABLETechnology
  • Database
    • Oracle 10G (Server)
    • Oracle XE (Stand-alone clients)
  • Server Application
    • BEA WebLogic 8, IBM Websphere or Jboss
    • J2EE and AJB 2.0
  • Server Hardware
    • HP Unix 11i
    • Linux Redhat
    • Windows server
  • Client PC
    • Normal desk top PC specifications - Windows
    • Thin Client technology developed in Java 1.6
    • Uses a JAVA shell not a browser
    • Stand Alone with data synchronisation
sable operation modes14
SABLEOperation modes
  • Mode 1: Thin clients connected through LAN
  • Mode 2: Thin clients connected through WAN
  • Mode 3: Stand Alone
    • Installation of Oracle XE required
    • Automatic synchronization upon connection with server
      • Aircraft parameters
      • Flight data
    • Automatic upgrade of new software version
  • Mode 4: External data feeds
    • Flight Schedule
    • Load Information (passengers & cargo)
    • Fuel – scheduled and actual
    • Crew information
sable automated process

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Flight creation (Automatic action)
    • Reception of ASM from flight scheduling
    • Create flight
    • Calculate DOW by assigning route variables
      • Potable water
      • Cockpit crew – crew bags if required
      • Cabin crew – crew bags if required
      • Cabin dressing
    • Assign standard fuel
      • From reference table
      • Fuel distribution over different tanks
sable automated process18

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • A/C Reg. (Automatic action)
    • Reception of ASM from flight dispatch system
    • Update flight
    • Recalculate route variables
sable automated process19

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Booked pax (Automatic action)
    • Reception of message from reservation system or check-in system
    • Distribute passengers over cabins
    • Calculate baggage requirements
    • Assign baggage to holds
    • Optimize distribution to optimal CG
sable automated process20

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Declare actual (Manual action)
    • Manual modifications possible
      • Booked pax
      • Booked baggage
      • Etc.
    • Execute final checks
    • Declare flight as actual
  • Possibility to automate this step
sable automated process21

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Declare actual (Automatic action)
    • Production of Estimated Zero Fuel Message
    • Transmission of EZFW message
sable automated process22

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Final Fuel (Automatic action)
    • Reception of final fuel message from flight dispatch
    • Distribution of fuel over different tanks
    • Declare fuel as final
sable automated process23

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Crew names (Automatic action)
    • Reception of cockpit crew message from crew scheduling system
    • Update names of captain and first officer
sable automated process24

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Actual pax (Automatic action)
    • Reception of actual pax from check-in system
    • Distribute passengers over cabins
    • Recalculate baggage requirements
    • Assign baggage over holds
    • Optimize assignment to obtain optimal CG
sable automated process25

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Final checks (Manual action)
    • Press button final checks
    • Manual modifications still possible
    • Declare trim complete
sable automated process26

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • LIR / LS (Automatic action)
    • Production and transmission of documentation
      • LIR : Load instruction report
      • LS : Load Sheet
      • Load sheet to ACARS
sable automated process27

2. A/C Reg.

4. Declare Actual

6. Final Fuel

8. Actual pax

10. LIR/LS

Time

1. Flight creation

3. Booked pax

5. EZFW

7. Crew Names

9. Final Checks

SABLEAutomated process
  • Automatic process monitored by graphical tool
  • Signal if action is too late
  • Manual interventions possible
  • Some actions can be executed by red-caps at the airport gate
sable next steps
SABLENext Steps
  • Software is constantly enhanced with new functions
    • 4 Software releases planned per year
  • Planned enhancement (2009 & 2010)
    • Web enabled
    • Enhanced Autoload
sable flight screen
SABLEFlight screen

Selectionparameters

Selection results

Fuel & other information

Load Details

sable weight and balance screen
SABLEWeight and Balance screen

Main deck

Lateral imbalance

Lower deck

Information Tabs

Trim status

Basic weights

Estimated weights

sable main deck
SABLEMain deck

Cabin Crew Seats

Galley

Blocked seats

Jump seats

Cockpit crew

Cabin section with Business and Economy seats

Strecher installation

Cabin section Economy seats only

Cabin loaded baggage

First class Cabin sections

sable lower deck
SABLELower deck
  • Graphics shows container & bulk positions
  • Configurations can be chosen
  • Different configurations can be combined
sable booked items booked pax per class gender
SABLEBooked items – booked pax per class & gender
  • Information entered manually or through interface
  • Pax per class and per gender.
    • Visual signal if totals don’t match
    • Used to calculate average pax weight
  • Manual adjustment of pax figures
  • Enable automatic no show calculation
  • Automatic distribution of pax over cabins
  • Automatic pax weight calculation
  • Automatic calculation of baggage requirements
  • Automatic assignment of load to positions
sable booked items booked transfer pax
SABLEBooked items – booked transfer pax
  • Information entered manually or through interface
  • Transfer totals per
    • Class
    • Frequent flyer code
    • Transfer code e.g. short transfer
    • Flight number onward flight
  • Taken into account during automatic calculation of baggage requirements
sable booked items booked baggage
SABLEBooked items – booked baggage
  • ULD & Loose freight calculated by system based on ratios
  • Individual ULD’s prepared
  • Manual intervention possible
  • Automatic assignment of load to positions
sable booked items booked cargo
SABLEBooked items – booked cargo
  • Booked cargo per freight type
  • Used to calculate EZFW
sable booked items final checks
SABLEBooked items – final checks
  • Check of all limits and constraints
  • Result per check can be:
    • OK
    • NOK : soft warning (pink)
    • NOK : hard error (red)
  • Double click on “NOK” gives details
  • No production of documentation if final checks fail
sable declare actual
SABLEDeclare actual
  • Transition from planning to actual phase executes final checks
  • Tab “Booked items” replaced by “Actual items”
  • Planning situation can still be viewed
  • Revert back to planning is possible
thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention

Contact:

Mr. Karel Tavernier

Technical Director

Email:

Karel.Tavernier@Rekencentra.be

Kromstraat 50

2520 Ranst

Belgium

Tel: +32 3 470 14 00

Fax: +32 6 47 14 01