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College —A New Experience Unit 1
Objectives and Requirements • By the end of this unit, students are supposed to comprehend the texts well through an intensive study of the texts. • Understand all the new words and phrases and can use them freely. • Master all the language points and grammatical structures in the texts. • Know the way of how to study read.
Text A College —A New Experience 1. Preview Questions 1) Do you like your college life? Why or why not? 2) What are the things the author likes about college? 3) Do you know any of the famous universities in America? Would you like to list a few of them? (United States Military Academy; University of Boston; Harvard University; University of California; New York University; Princeton University; Yale University;Florida State University, etc.)
2. Text-related Information 1) Marymount University • Marymount University is an independent, comprehensive Catholic university, combining the liberal arts tradition with career preparation. Marymount was founded in 1950 and is sponsored by the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary. The University is located in Arlington, Virginia, minutes from Washington, DC, and serves approximately 3,700 men and women through its Main Campus, Ballston Campus, Loudoun Academic Center, and outreach activities in northern Virginia. • Marymount’s Main Campus is located on 21 hillside acres（英亩）at 2807 N, Glebe Road in Arlington, just 6 miles from Washington, D.C., Virginia.
When people talk about famous colleges or universities such as Stanford, they need only use that one word. • For example, Harvard（哈佛大学）, Cornell（康奈尔大学）, Princeton（普林斯顿大学）, Yale（耶鲁大学）, Columbia（哥伦比亚大学）… Everyone in the U.S. knows these are schools, and so the word college and university can be dropped.
2) Bank Accounts • Checking Account • For this kind of account, the customer is usually allowed to deposit and draw out the money of his own will. A checking account usually earns low or no interest, but from which money can be taken out by a check / cheque. • Deposit Account • For this kind of account, the customer usually deposits the money in the bank for a fixed period of time, say, one or two years, and the interest is comparatively higher than that of the checking account and savings account.
Savings Account • Savings account is a bank account to save money. The interest is comparatively lower than that of the checking account and deposit account. • The following are some terms which are usually used when you open an account in a bank. savings account application form code number deposit slip draw money fill out
3) Credit Cards • The use of credit cards originated in the United States during the 1920s, when individual firms, such as oil companies and hotel chains, began issuing them to customers for purchases made at company outlets; their use increased greatly after World War II. • The first universal credit card, which could be used at a variety of establishments, was introduced by the Diners’ Club, Inc., in 1950. Under this system, the credit-card company charges its cardholders an annual fee and bills on a monthly or yearly basis. Cooperating merchants throughout the world pay a service charge in the range of 4-7 percent of total billings. Another major card of this type was established by the American Express Company in 1958.
A later innovation (革新）was the bank credit-card system. The first national plan was BankAmericard（美国银行信用卡）, begun on a statewide basis by the Bank of America in California in 1959, licensed in other states beginning in 1966, and renamed Visa in 1976-77. Other major bank cards are MasterCard (formerly Master Charge) and Barclay's.
4) New York City • New York is a city and port located at the mouth of the Hudson River, southeastern New York State, and northeastern United States. It is the largest city in the country. The city occupies Manhattan and Staten islands, the western end of Long Island, a portion （一部分） of the mainland, and various islands in New York Harbor and Long Island in New York Harbor and Long Island. • New York is the nation's most populous city, the capital of finance, business, communications, theater, and much more. It may not be the center of the universe, but it does occupy a central place in the world's imagination. Certainly, in one way or another, New York affects the lives of nearly every American. While other cities have everything that New York has—from symphonies to slums—no other city has quite the style or sheer abundance. Nowhere are things done in such a grandly American way as in New York City.
3. Intensive Study of the Text 1) adjust v. adapt ( to the climate, new surroundings etc.) adjust to: get used to sth. by making necessary changes e.g. The doctor tried to adjust his patients to a new treatment. She carefully adjusted her clothes and her hair before going out. 2) on one’s own: alone; independent e.g. Don’t worry about him because he can handle it on his own. Remember you will be on your own once going abroad.
3) have …off: have a rest, relax for a time; be absent or free from work or duty e.g. May I have one week off if I finish my work in time? You’d better have a couple of days off. 4) handle: to control, deal with, take care of e.g. The new manager couldn’t handle the pressures of his job. She handles all of the billing for the law firm. I will handle some business, then go home early today.
5) account: money kept in a bank for present or future use e.g. I have a checking account at Metropolitan Bank. open an account 开立账户 close an account with a bank 结束银行账户 a checking account 支票存款账户 a savings account 储蓄存款账户 6) now (that): as a consequence of the fact (that)e.g. e.g. Now that you are grown up, you should not rely on your parents. Now that I am free, I can enjoy music for a while.
7) confuse v. fail to tell the difference between … be confused … with / about: not clear about, don’t know exactly what to do e.g. Many people are confused with the twin buildings. I’m afraid I’m a little confused about what he said. If you do too many things at a time, you may get confused. 8) suppose v. expect; intend be supposed to: be expected to; be required to e.g. Suppose no one had saved the poor baby, what would have happened? Even if his car broke down on the way, he was supposed to be here by bus now. I was supposed to meet her, but I spaced out and forgot.
9) upperclassman: a student in the last two years of high school or college cf . upper: located in a higher area or region e.g. The upperclassmen at the University of Michigan include women and men who are juniors and seniors. His upper body hurts in the neck and chest. 10) add to: to put 9one thing together with another) e.g. I didn’t want to add to Mother’s misery. I have nothing to add to my earlier statement.
11) cope with: deal with successfully; handle e.g. Inexperienced in politics, the newly-elected mayor failed to cope with the confusing political issue. Poor families have to cope with a lot of strain. Our ancestors have to cope with cold, hunger as well as attack from wild animal. 12) in a row: continuously e.g. The Chinese used to work for six days in a week in a row. This is the third Sunday in a row that it's rained. The team has chalked up its fifth win in a row.
13) sleep in: get up late e.g. The lazy boy slept in every morning and failed to pass the exams. We usually sleep in for a bit on weekends. 14) homesick: missing one’s homes and families very much e.g. The students began to feel homesick after they had been here for a month. Now I know where to go when I feel homesick.
4. Summary of the Text • The author likes her college life very much because college is a new and different experience for her. Being on her own, talking with friendly people, and having Fridays off are some things she likes about college. In short, she enjoys this new life in spite of the fact that she is far from her hometown.
5. Assignment • 1) Preview Text B; • 2) Ex. 6, P. 5; • 3) Ex. 7- 8, P. 6.
III. Text B How to Study Read 1. Preview Questions • 1) Do you like reading? Why or why not? • 2) How do you read? • 3) Do you know how to study read?
2. Introduction 1) Study Reading 细读，精读，研究性阅读Study reading means “reading in detail”. It is not only for general information, but also for more details to be remembered and to be tested in most cases in learning language. Study reading is different from regular reading, in which one is expected to understand and remember details and is usually tested on what he reads. The text provides a four-step method to take up study read. 2) Regular Reading 一般阅读Regular reading is for general information about what we read.
3. Outline of the Text • Para. 1 Most students don’t know how to study read. • Paras. 2-5 The four-step method for study reading. • Para. 6 PREP helps your grades go up.
4. Intensive Study of the Text 1) assign v. to give out as a task assignment n. anything assigned e.g. We’ve been assigned the job of cleaning the lecture hall before the guest professor arrives. When I taught, I would assign a topic to children which they would write about. His manager gave him the assignment of planning the sales meeting. 2) wander off: be absent-minded e.g. The film seemed boring and the audiences’ mind wandered off. Don’t let your mind wander off the main point at issue.
3) be expected to: to be required to do it as a duty or obligation e.g. You are expected to arrive at the meeting room ahead of time. The talks is expected to continue till tomorrow. 4) case: (1) an example or instance (2) circumstances or special conditions relating to a person or thing e.g. I cannot make an exception in your case, for you and not for others. She had a case of the flu last month. in most cases: very often e.g. Journalists have a sixth sense of news in most cases. In most cases, both parents were still alive and still married to each other.
5) When you try to plunk yourself into reading … When you try to start reading… 6) sink in: to become fully understood or realized e.g. My explanation took a long time to sink in. This lesson is sinking in; I almost understand. What does the author mean by “let the title sink in”? Have a full understanding of the title by skimming over the chapters.
7) an opening paragraph or two one or two paragraphs that come first 8) make sense: to have a meaning that can be understood; to have a good reason or explanation e.g. I looked at the web page of the company but the words made no sense. Did what I said make any sense to you? Talk slowly; you’re not making sense. The traveler’s words made no sense to the local people. 9) make up: to invent e.g. I’m not making it up. The character exists in real life. I don’t think it’s good for you to make up your personal experience.
10) stand a good chance of: to have a fair prospect of; have a possibility of e.g. He stands a good chance of becoming the general manager of the famous company. Did he stand a good chance of winning the first prize in the English Speech Contest? Our team stands a good chance of winning the game. 11) believe in: to be in favor of; hold as an opinion e.g. Do you believe in listening to news in English? He has always believed in being broad-minded. I believe in having more fruits.
12) reread: read again prefix: re- again; back e.g. refresh 使恢复活力 refund 退款 reenter 重返; 再进入 reunite 重聚 13) go up: to rise; become higher e.g. The price of cigarettes is going up. Unemployment has gone up again.
5. Summary of the Text • Study read is a type of reading that can help you remember a great deal of information and be well prepared for a test. It can be done in four steps: 1. Prepare to Read; 2. Read; 3. Examine What You Read; 4. Plan to Review. This is called the PREP method.
6. Assignment • 1) Practice 4, P. 15; • 2) Practice 5, P. 15.