Nonfiction Reading Power Making Inferences
You make inferences all the time. How do you know . . . your teacher doesn’t approve of something you are doing? there is an accident ahead on the road? there is a fight in the hall?
You infer when you use clues or evidence facial expressions behavior tone of voice – sound text
feelings opinions implausible guesses evidence • hand·ker·chief • a small piece of thin cloth, usually square and used to wipe the nose, face, neck, or hands, or worn as a decoration in a pocket
asking questions facts and evidence + your prior knowledge
Row 1 Row 3 Row 2 “core it” “preserve it” “draw it off”
step 1 Look for the clues. step 2 Ask yourself, “What do I know from the clues?” step 3 Use the clues plus your prior knowledge to figure out a plausible answer. Begin your inference with “I think…” or “Maybe…”
Clues in the text + inference prior knowledge plausible
He plunked down $12.00 at the window. She tried to give him $6.00, but he refused to take it. So when they got inside, she bought him a large bag of popcorn and a soft drink.