QUESTION • What type of immunity is activated when a splinter first enters the body?
ANSWER • INNATE or TYPE 1
QUESTION • : What is a latent virus?
ANSWER • One which remains inactive in the body causing no damage until activated later on.
QUESTION • What types of cells produce and hold antibodies?
ANSWER • B cells
QUESTION • What cells are involved in the Cell-Mediated responses?
ANSWER • T Cells
QUESTION • What cells have many finger like projections coming from the surface?
ANSWER • Dendritic Cells
QUESTION • To what structure do antibodies bind?
ANSWER • Antigens
BONUS ROLL • Free second turn whenever you want if you get the question correct.
BONUS QUESTION • What are the two categories of T cells?
BONUS ANSWER • Helper T cells and Cytotoxic T Cells
QUESTION • : Are antibodies the “good guys” or “bad guys”?
ANSWER • Good Guys
QUESTION • What cells are involved in the Humoral response?
ANSWER • B Cells
QUESTION • What are naïve T cells?
ANSWER • T cells which have not been activated
QUESTION • From what cell do both T and B cells originate from?
ANSWER • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
QUESTION • What are the 5 characteristics of the inflammatory response?
ANSWER • Redness, Heat, Swelling, Pain and decreased mobility
QUESTION • What cells release histamines?
ANSWER • Histamines
QUESTION • What 2 types of cells help to eat or engulf pathogens?
ANSWER • Phagocytic cells and Macrophages
QUESTION • What types of structures do vaccines help to maintain?
ANSWER • Antibodies
QUESTION • What cells include antigen presenting cells?
ANSWER • Dendritic cells, tissue macrophages and B cells
QUESTION • Approximately how many million of people are living with AIDS in 2003?
QUESTION • What types of cells are most affected by HIV?
ANSWER • HELPER T CELLS
QUESTION • What was the most likely means of the HIV virus moving across species boundaries from the simians to humans?
ANSWER • Eating monkey meat infected with SIV
QUESTION • Name 5 common opportunistic infections.
QUESTION • Which cell receptor is primarily involved in HIV?
ANSWER • Gp120
DEFINITION • Epidemic
ANSWER • Spread of many cases of a disease over a large geographic area
DEFINITION • TNF
ANSWER • Tumor Necrosis Factor
ANSWER • Major Histocompatibility Complex