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Ballyhaise N.S. Presents A 5 th /6 th Class Production of. 19 th Century Ireland. Contents. The Act of Union (by Caitlin and Lauren) Robert Emmet (by Ailbhe , Mark and Aiden ) Daniel O’Connell (by Rachel Smith and Conor Smith) The Young Irelanders (by Jarlaith and Katie)

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slide1

Ballyhaise N.S.

Presents

A 5th/6th Class Production of

contents
Contents

The Act of Union (by Caitlin and Lauren)

Robert Emmet (by Ailbhe, Mark and Aiden)

Daniel O’Connell (by Rachel Smith and Conor Smith)

The Young Irelanders(by Jarlaith and Katie)

The Fenians (by Donal, Glory and Emma Colwell)

The Famine (by Emma Smith, Shauna and Michelle)

Michael Davitt(by ConorGreenan, Elaine and Cónall)

Charles Stewart Parnell (by Rachel O’Hanlon and Jade)

The Cultural Revival (by Eoin, Robbie and Martyna)

a c t o f u n i o n

ACTOF UNION

1800

(BY CAITLIN AND LAUREN)

the act of union
THE ACT OF UNION
  • The Irish Rebellion of 1798 brought the issue of Ireland to the attention of the British Cabinet and William Pitt the younger , the British Prime Minister
  • He decided that the best solution was a Union.
the act of union1
THE ACT OF UNION
  • The Act of Union was passed in the summer of 1800.
  • It united the Britain and Ireland to create the U.K.
  • The union came into affect on the 1st of January 1801.
the act of union2
The Act of Union
  • For most Irish, there wasn't a noticeable difference, but it meant the Irish government representatives could not pass laws on their own.
19 th c entury i reland

19thCentury Ireland

Robert Emmet

(by Ailbhe and Aiden)

robert emmet
Robert Emmet
  • Robert Emmet was born in 1778.
  • He came from a wealthy Protestant family who sympathised with Irish Catholics.
  • Robert was put in jail because of a rebellion against the British in 1803.
robert emmet1
Robert Emmet
  • While he was in jail, Emmet wrote a letter to his sweetheart ,Sarah Curran.
  • He then gave it to a prison warden to post.
  • But the warden gave it to the government. That letter nearly cost Sarah her life.
robert emmet2
Robert Emmet
  • Robert and Sarah had dreamed of running away together.
  • However, Robert was found guilty of high treason and he was given the death penalty.
  • A day later, he was hung, drawn and quartered in Thomas Street.
19 th century

By Rachel Smith

and Conor Smith

19th Century

Daniel O’ Connell

6th August 1775-15th May

the liberator
The Liberator

Often referred to as “ The Liberator” or “ The Emancipator”, Daniel O Connell was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.

personal details
Personal details

Born – 6th August 1775 Caheriveenn, Ireland

Died -15th May 1847 [aged 71 ]Genoa, Italy

Resting place - Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin,

Ireland

Political party - Radicals Repeal Association

Occupation - Barrister , political activist

personal details1
Personal details

Wife - Mary O’Connell [m 1802]

Children - Maurice , Ellen , Catherine , Timothy James , Elizabeth , John , Richard & Daniel jnr.

Religion – Roman Catholicism

early life
EARLY LIFE
  • Daniel did well at school and in 1790 his uncle sent him and his brother to study in France
  • Daniel experienced the violence of the French Revolution and this gave him a hatred of violence
mid life
MID - LIFE
  • In 1811 O Connell established the Catholic Board , which campaigned for Catholic Emancipation , that is the opportunity for Irish Catholics to become Members of Parliament.
achievements
Achievements
  • As a result of his campaigning, Catholics were allowed to become judges as well as Members of Parliament.
  • O’Connell Street in Dublin is named after Daniel.
the young irelanders

The Young Irelanders

By Jarlaith and Katie

the young irelanders1
The Young Irelanders
  • The Young Irelanders -  Irish nationalist movement of the 1840s.
  • Begun by a group of Irish journalists who founded and wrote for the Nation newspaper.
the young irelanders2
The Young Irelanders
  • The movement supported the study of Irish history and the revival of the Irish (Gaelic) language as a means of achieving independence.
the young irelanders3
The Young Irelanders
  • The Irish flag was first used as a symbol of the Young Ireland movement.
  • It is not known whether the flag was a gift from France or whether the Young Irelanders had been inspired by the French flag.
the battle of ballingarry
The Battle of Ballingarry
  • The Young Irelanders rebellion took place on the 29th of July 1848 in the village of Ballingarry, South Tipperary.
  • The rebels took hostages but retreated after police reinforcements arrived.
  • The rebellion had failed.
the aftermath
The Aftermath
  • These Young Irelanders were eventually caught.
  • Seven Young Irelanders were eventually imprisoned on Van DeimansLand [Tasmania].
  • Four of them escaped to America and three were allowed to return to Ireland.
the young irelanders4
The Young Irelanders
  • The rebellion ended the Young Irelanders.
the famine
The Famine

By : Emma , Shauna,Michelle

blight
Blight
  • September 1845 - a strange disease struck potatoes in fields across Ireland.
  • Nearly half of the potato harvest was destroyed by the strange disease known as “blight”.
  • As a result, there was a lack of food and people began to get sick.
blight1
Blight
  • In the years after the Famine scientists discovered that the blight was caused by a fungus.
  • The worst period of disease was in 1849 when cholera struck causing many more people to be sick and die.
emigration
Emigration
  • Many people left Ireland.
  • Emigration caused the population to drop by 3 million.
emigration1
Emigration
  • People emigrated on coffin ships from Ireland.
  • They were called coffin ships because many people died on them.
  • When people died, the crew threw them overboard.

A Coffin Ship

workhouses
Workhouses
  • Workhouses were places where the very poor lived
  • Once they entered the workhouse, people had to wear a uniform and were given a very basic diet.
workhouses1
Workhouses
  • The main food they were given was called stirabout, which was similar to a weak oatmeal porridge.
  • Men, women, girls and boys were all forced to stay in different parts of the building.
soup kitchens
Soup Kitchens
  • Summer 1847 - the government set up some soup kitchens.
  • By August 1847, 3 million people were being fed each day.
c rimes

Crimes

A large number of woman/children were charged with begging and stealing food.

Cells were usually VERY crowded.

There were more crimes as people got fed better in prisons.

the famine the f acts
The Famine : The Facts
  • The Famine (also known as the Gorta Mór) lasted from 1845 to 1849.
  • 90,000 evictions occurred during the Famine and over 1 million people died due to fever and starvation.
fenians 19 th cen tury

Fenians 19thcentury

(by Donal, Glory and Emma Colwell)

secret society
Secret Society
  • The Fenians - a secret revolutionary society organized in 1858 in Ireland and the United States.
about the fenians
About the Fenians
  • The Fenians were from Ireland. They were mainly farmers and middle class people.
  • The Fenians were also called the Irish Republic Brotherhood (IRB).
james stephens
James Stephens
  • In Ireland the movement was led by James Stephens (1825-1901).
  • In 1863 Stephens founded the newspaper ‘The Irish People’ which promoted Fenianideals and helped to attract new recruits.
the spread of the fenians
The Spread of the Fenians
  • The Fenians spread throughout the country.
  • From America, there came promises of money and arms, but little arrived.
the fenian rising
The Fenian Rising
  • In February 1867, there was an unsuccessful rising in Kerry.
  • In March, other failed risings took place in Cork City, Limerick and Dublin.
  • The largest of these took place in Tallaght where several hundred Fenians were involved.
emigration2
Emigration
  • As a result, vast numbers of embittered Irish men emigrated to the United States, Australia and South America where they redoubled their agitation against England.
the fenian movement
The Fenian movement.
  • The Fenians movement continued until World War 1, but its influence was largely drawn off into new a organization - Sinn Féin(founded by Arthur Griffith, a former Fenian).
early life1
Early Life
  • Davitt was evicted from his home aged 9.
  • He was forced to leave his home in Mayo and move to Great Britain.
a bad accident
A Bad Accident
  • When he was 11, he lost his right arm in a factory accident.
davitt in the fenians

Davitt in the Fenians

Davitt joined the Irish Republican Brotherhood (Fenians) in 1860s.

They tried to start a revolution but it failed badly.

davitt in prison
Davitt in prison
  • Davitt was arrested in London in 1870.
  • He was jailed until 1877 and he then emigrated to America.
land league
Land League
  • Michael Davitt founded the Land League in Castlebar, Co. Mayo, along with Charles Stewart Parnell on the 16th of August 1879
  • Land League meetings were held every Sunday.
aims of the land league
Aims of the Land League

The “Three F’s” i.e.

  • Fair Rent
  • Fixity of Tenure (meaning that a tenant could not be evicted if he had paid the rent) and
  • Free Sale (that Irish owners be able to sell their land to whom they liked for a fair price)
more rights
More Rights
  • It was mainly through Michael Davitt’s efforts that “the three F’s” were finally granted to the Land League.
death
Death
  • He died on 30th of May 1906.
charles stewart parnell

(by Rachel O’Hanlon and Jade)

Charles Stewart Parnell

19th Century

(27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891)

who was he
Who was he?
  • A Protestant landlord, Charles Stewart Parnell led the Irish members of the British House of Commons in the fight for an Irish parliament.
  • He failed to win Home Rule, but his work helped Ireland on its journey to freedom.
who was he1
Who was he?
  • He joined the Irish Parliamentary Party and became its leader.
  • The members of his party spoke for hours in the House of Commons to keep the British leaders from doing what they wanted.
uncrowned king
Uncrowned King
  • Parnell travelled to America to raise money for the nationalist movement in Ireland.
  • He raised £26,000 and many referred to Parnell as the "Uncrowned King of Ireland".
did you know
Did you know?
  • Parnell’s friend, Joe Biggar MP (for Cavan) made the longest speech EVER in the House of Commons which lasted over 41 hours!
  • Lavey Joe Biggars GFC is named after him.
downfall
Downfall
  • In 1889, Parnell and his partner, Kitty O’ Shea were involved in a divorce scandal in the newspapers.
downfall1
Downfall
  • Some people thought that Parnell had not behaved as he should have.
  • Not long after, he became ill and died (on the 6th of October 1891).
parnell
Parnell
  • Parnell brought the whole issue of Home Rule to the attention of those in Britain.
  • He helped to create a political party with members working together as a team.
  • He gained the support of Britain's most important politician at that time - William Gladstone
slide66

The Cultural Revival

by Eoin, Robbie and Martyna

literacy
Literacy
  • The culture of Ireland underwent a massive change in the 19th century.
  • Irish people could only speak English and speaking Irish was prohibited.
literacy1
Literacy
  • This process was started in the 1820’s.
  • Irish nationalists began a “Gaelic Revival”, in the late 19th century.
the gaelic league
The Gaelic League
  • In 1893 the Gaelic League was established to promote all aspects of Irish culture and dancing.
  • Irish dance was taught by Dance Masters.
the gaa
The GAA
  • The GAA began in 1884.
  • It was founded on Saturday, 1st November, in the Lizzie’s Mayes Hotel, Thurles, Tipperary.
the abbey theatre
The Abbey Theatre
  • The Abbey Theatre was founded in 1904 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory.
  • Yeats encouraged Irish writers to write about Irish life and traditions.
the cultural revival
The Cultural Revival
  • The cultural revival was a partial success.
  • The GAA is still going strong today.
  • The Gaelic League was not as successful in persuading people to speak Irish.