Strategies to promote sanitation: The use of PHAST in the RC/RC Movement.
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Strategies to promote sanitation: The use of PHAST in the RC/RC Movement. NGO Health Network Seminar Copenhagen, 30 April, 2013 . Ten years initiative (2005-2015) Target of providing sustainable solutions to 5 million people over 10 years. 15 million by 2015.

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Strategies to promote sanitation: The use of PHAST in the RC/RC Movement. NGO Health Network SeminarCopenhagen, 30 April, 2013

We recognize that we need to catch up on sanitation coverage, which globally lags behind water by more than a factor of three.

Getting the balance right
Getting the balance right RC/RC Movement.

The IFRC calls on governments, donors, and communities to get the balance right between action on sanitation and on water.

  • Traditionally more focus on water supply.

  • According to GLAAS report (2010), funding for sanitation comprises 37% of total aid funding for the sanitation and water sector.

Sanitation approach within the red cross
Sanitation approach within the Red Cross RC/RC Movement.

IFRC WatSan Policy (2003)

  • Sanitation promotion and hygiene education prior to the construction of facilities.

  • Participatory techniques such as PHAST, but open to other methods.

  • Special needs of women, children and other vulnerable groups.

  • Use of subsidies, linked to the PHAST process.

What is phast
What is PHAST? RC/RC Movement.

  • It is an adaptation of SARAR methodology to the sanitation sector.

  • Developed by UNDP/World Bank in the nineties in East Africa.

  • It is follows a problem solving approach through a cycle of 7 steps.

Phast in the red cross
PHAST in the Red Cross RC/RC Movement.

  • PHAST has been promoted in the Red Cross since early 2000.

  • In around 40 countries, with more than 3.000 Red Cross volunteers trained.

  • PHAST master trainers in all continents.

  • Regional review workshops every 2 years.

  • PHAST manual translated in multiple lenguages.

  • PHAST toolkits produced for a great variety of contexts.

  • In 2004, IFRC published the software tools booklet which describes how PHAST is undertaken in the Red Cross.

How does it work
How does it work? RC/RC Movement.

Strengths RC/RC Movement.

  • Gain of knowledge and ability to plan

  • Sense of owneship

  • Replicable and easy to scale up

  • Inclusion of women in decision-taking processes

  • Adapted to school environment (CHAST) and it has been used in emergency by the Red Cross.

  • Easily adptable to other diseases (malaria, HIV) and sectors (shelter, PASSA).

  • Standard format: easy to plan for resources

Challenges RC/RC Movement.

  • Long process. Risk of overwhelming communities and lose of interest.

  • Although highly replicable, it is not easy to scale up

  • It requires open proposals with no pre-fixed sanitation options.

  • Producing, testing and re-producing the PHAST toolkit is time consuming.

  • It is expensive

  • Lack of rigorous, strong scientific evaluations. Grey literature.

Way forward for sanitation from now on and beyond 2015
Way forward for sanitation: from now on and beyond 2015 RC/RC Movement.

  • Advocating for global support from all stakeholders;

  • Building further partnerships;

  • Improving impact assessment;

  • Ensuring sustainability;

  • Integration of sanitation and hygiene promotion into other sectors;

  • Exploring new sanitation promotional approaches;