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South Asia. Indian Subcontinent. Very Troubled Giant. Top 10 Populated Countries China 1,270,000,000 India 1,030,000,000 United States 281,421,906 Indonesia 224,784,210 Brazil 172,860,370 Russia 146,001,176 Pakistan 141,553,775 Bangladesh 129,194,224 Japan 126,549,976

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very troubled giant
Very Troubled Giant

Top 10 Populated Countries



United States281,421,906

Indonesia 224,784,210

Brazil 172,860,370

Russia 146,001,176

Pakistan 141,553,775

Bangladesh 129,194,224

Japan 126,549,976

Nigeria 123,337,822

Los Angeles Times March 29, 2001

  • Bulging population
  • Limited resources
  • Many Cultural and Religious conflicts
  • Economic Inequities
All of these things combine to hamper this region in its economic and social progress
  • All of these help create Political instability for most countries in the region
south asia be
South Asia-BE
  • Indus river civilization-Hinduism-Caste system is established
  • Birth of Siddhartha …Buddha 6th century B.C.
  • 900’s Islam diffuses into and through this region, by 1300’s the Punjab region is almost totally Muslim

Islam appealed to the Hindus of the lower levels of the Caste system.

south asia de
South Asia-DE

-British gain control of the European spice, cotton, silk, and tea trade

-British East India Company -- All intra- asia trade

-The company was the Governing Administration

Very Ineffective - Corrupt

1857-Sepoy Rebellion-British Government takes over Administration of India as a colony-

The Raj = rule until 1947

british economic exploitation
British Economic Exploitation
  • Typical=as in the US
  • Changed India from a manufacturing country (exporting=profit) to a country that exported raw materials
Imported finished (manufactured) goods-
  • Increased costs hurt farmers the most-majority of the populations were farmers
british economic exploitation cont
British Economic Exploitation (cont.)
  • British attempted to end the caste system- Still exists
  • British could not unify the subcontinent (South Asia)
  • Because the government attempted to meet agreements made by the British
East India Company=these agreements

-Created 600 sovereign territories

-Small territories had “advisers”

british economic exploitation cont16
British Economic Exploitation (cont.)
  • Large ones had commissioners or Governors who would give and receive information-mandates-Laws, etc. from the “Viceroy of India”
Who had to communicate needs-concern to and from parliament
  • British colonization had its positive influences also
    • Creation of the “Great Indian Railroad” highway system
positive influences of british colonization
Positive influences of British colonization
  • Irrigation canals
  • Increased education
  • Stopped “suttee”

Female Infanticide

(child) arranged marriages

“Caste System”

after europeans
After Europeans
  • A.E. India becomes a federal State (1947)

23 states

7 Union Territories

Lingua Franca = English

Pakistan is created - Islamic Republic

major religions
Major Religions

India Pakistan

Hindu 85+ % Muslim 92%

Muslim 11% Christian 1%

Sikh 2%

Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports over 16% of the world's population. Currently it is the second most populous nation on Earth, though if current trends persist, India will replace China as the most populous nation in less than 40 years. Almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age. More than 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities.
centrifugal vs centripetal forces
Centrifugal -VS- Centripetal Forces




Centrifugal forces in India-

Caste System

Mixed Religions

Economic Inequities

Poor communication

Transportation system

centrifugal vs centripetal
Centrifugal -VS- Centripetal

Low Educational level

Many languages- 20 plus different dialects


Agricultural based economy


Centripetal Forces in India-

Caste system

Hinduism-philosophy of life as much as religion

Communication system- better than most

Disadvantaged, underdeveloped

-1947 opposition to British rule was Ghandi, Nehru

God, life, universe, nature are cyclic-


*What you practice in life is more important than what you claim to believe


One of two oldest religions in the world (Judaism) 5000 years old

No 1 God- many different gods- 3000

example- creation, preservation,


forest fire, seasons

God is revealed in all of life

hinduism cont
Hinduism (cont.)

*Because this is a way of life in India, there cannot be a separation of church and government

*Places of worship-usually in the home

-some temples in India

-Hari Krishna as close as you can find in the U.S.

*Karma-refers to that which one does

-This determines your status of rebirth

*Moksha the ultimate goal of India religion is to stop the cycle of rebirth, “to achieve release”( The same as Buddhism’s “Nirvana”)

hinduism cont33
Hinduism (cont.)
  • “Caste” system- List points from reading
  • Understand the link between this and Hinduism
  • Ayurveda-Ayurvedic healing/medicine
  • Has a growing following today in the U.S. -Deepak Chopra
Define: Using ones Mind, body type, diet and exercise to maintain health and to heal. (Body as a pharmacy)
  • (Search “Deepak Chopra lecture Youtube’,,,one on one)