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Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture PowerPoint Presentation
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Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture

Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture

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Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture

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  1. Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture • Part One – 50 mins • Section B – The Cold War 1945 -75 • Who was to blame for the Cold War? • Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? • Why did the USA fail in Vietnam? • Part Two 70 mins • Depth Study – Causes and Events of the 1st World War 1890 -1918 • Why was there increasing tension between the Great Powers, 1890–1914? • Why did the First World War break out in 1914? • What happened on the Western Front? • How important were the other fronts? www.historytl.com

  2. Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture • Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? • How did the USA react to the Cuban Revolution? • Why did Khrushchev put missiles into Cuba? • Why did Kennedy react as he did? • Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tho5ZYLiuoc

  3. Cuban Missile Crisis What was the context behind the crisis? • Lesson Objectives • To know what is meant by containment • To understand the context behind the Cuban Missile Crisis • To be able to comment on the effect containment had on ordinary Americans In pairs come up with a definition of what you think is meant by containment www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  4. Containment: USA policy of stalling the spread of communism through militaristic, diplomatic and economic strategies. This was seen as a necessity for the safety of the USA www.historytl.com

  5. How would you stop the spread of Communism and protect the USA?

  6. The USA decided to protect its citizens in 3 ways Nuclear Arms Race Fear Factor Allies For each method come up with a reason why this was thought to protect the USA Protection from communism

  7. Using the sources available to you list the ways in which these methods were used as protection from communism How did the USA try to protect its citizens? Fear Factor Allies Nuclear Weapons Bert the Turtle: short version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3BUZYK_5bi8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKqXu-5jw60 long version

  8. Copy this table into your book Using the sources available to you list the ways in which these methods were used as protection from communism Bert the Turtle: short version http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3BUZYK_5bi8 www.historytl.com

  9. Define the following words in your files: • Arms Race • ICBM • Missile Gap • SEATO • CENTO

  10. Here is a fearometer Just how afraid do you think the American Public were? Relaxed and Calm Very Afraid Come and stick your post it note where you think the fear level is Make sure you justify your answer www.historytl.com

  11. Cuban Missile Crisis Who was Fidel Castro and how did he influence communism in the west? • Learning Objectives • To know who Fidel Castro was and what he believed • To understand how he came to power • To be able to relate this to the situation in USA and USSR in 1950’s and 60’s Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  12. Why are the USA so worried about Cuba becoming a Communist country? Who are these men? Why are the USSR interested in making Cuba a Communist country? Using what you already know about containment: what do you think the reaction of the USA would be if Communism took over Cuba?

  13. Batista Politics: Batista Economy: Castro’s Politics: Castro’s Economy: Using the card sort to help you complete the mind map Cuba: 1959 Batista’s Relations with USA: Key issues you have learnt: Castro’s Relations with USA:

  14. General Batista THE COVER OF TIME MAGAZINE (April 9 1952) Showed a photo of Batista with a Cuban flag behind him, and the caption: "Cuba's Batista: he got past Democracy's sentries." What is the message of this source? The message of the source is … This is shown in the source … and … I know from my own knowledge … and…

  15. Now you know who Fidel Castro was and what he believed in, describe the effect he had on the future of Cuba in no more than 50 words

  16. Cuban Missile Crisis How did the USA react to the Cuban Missile Crisis? Bay of Pigs • Lesson Objectives • To know the aims of the campaign • To understand the series of event that unfolded • To be able to comment on the outcomes and aftermath of the campaign Read page 90/91 and draw a Single bubble map of all the possible reasons there were for the USA’s attack on Cuba http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DoGESE_wO34 Are these reasons justified? www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  17. Bay of Pigs Why invade Cuba? www.historytl.com

  18. Bay of Pigs Why invade Cuba? www.historytl.com

  19. Bay of Pigs You must use the information available to complete your table www.historytl.com

  20. Bay of Pigs What was the most serious result for the USA? Explain your answer www.historytl.com

  21. Exam practise Homework Castro promised a better life for the people of Cuba after the corruption of Batista and we welcomed that promise. Then Castro began a campaign of hostility against us, taking over American-owned ranches, sugar refineries, oil refineries, hotels and banks. Castro is making Cuba a communist dictatorship and linking the Cuban economy with the Communist bloc. Part of a report by a USA State Department Official, 1961. The State Department deals with foreign policy. Study the source above: Explain why did these events worry the USA? (6 marks) Explain your answer, using details of the report and your own knowledge, Give three clear reasons www.historytl.com

  22. Bay of Pigs Major Event Invasion at the Bay of Pigs www.historytl.com

  23. Cuban Missile Crisis Why did President Kennedy stand up to Khrushchev? • Objectives • To know what the October Crisis was • To understand the reasons behind Khrushchev's arming of Cuba • To be able to evaluate the importance of Khrushchev's role What is the message of this source? www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  24. Using all the sources and information on pages 92/93 Why did Khrushchev arm Cuba? www.historytl.com

  25. Using the information you have gathered today answer the following question in one paragraph (3 reasons): Why did Khrushchev arm Cuba? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phpe0DsisbY www.historytl.com

  26. Using the sources at your disposal answer the key question: By giving three clear reasons Why did President Kennedy stand up to Khrushchev? www.historytl.com

  27. Exam Question Answer Template Paper One Why was this source produced in 1962? The source was produced in 1962 because ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ This is shown in the source by _____________ ________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ My own knowledge supports this because ______ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Source produced by USA Remember to refer specifically to the date. What contextual knowledge do you have? www.historytl.com

  28. Each member of your group is now going to visit another table. No one should be at their ‘home’ table and no one should be in the same place as another member of their group. You are going to have 2 minutes to read through the other groups choices and explanations before returning to your ‘home’ table. You now have 5 minutes to discuss your findings with the rest of your group and REFLECT on your decisions. Are you sure that all of your choices are correct? Is there anything you could add to your explanations, Which groups had the same as you? Which groups had made different decisions to you? www.historytl.com

  29. President Kennedy faced a tough decisions, how should he react to the Cuban Missile Crisis? In your groups you are going to be given some information about 5 possible courses of action. As a group you have 5 minutes to read through the information and discuss the positives and negatives of each option. www.historytl.com

  30. As a group rank each option 1 – 5 and give an explanation for your decision

  31. You must now complete the task on the bottom of your A3 sheet. This is to be done independently but using the notes you have acquired as a group. This report needs to be at least a third of a side and this should not be a problem if you include the 3 points I have given you. You have 10 minutes www.historytl.com

  32. Now right a short report to the President • Success Criteria: • It must include the two options you believe he should decide between • Why you feel these are the right options • Why you rejected particular options • Be at least a 1/3 of a side of A4 • Correct spelling, punctuation and grammar • Sentence Starters: • Dear Mr President … • There are a number of options available … • A viable option to proceed with is … • An advantage of this course of action would be… • There are still areas of concern such as… • There are a number of options that have been rejected such as… • This has been rejected because … You have 10 minutes

  33. Cuban Missile Crisis How did President Kennedy react? • Lesson Objectives • To know the choices that faced President Kennedy • To understand the arguments for and against each decision • To be able to come to a decision about the most appropriate course of action • Lesson Outcomes • Students produce a report in which they consider the options available to the President at the time • Students answer a source based ‘what is the purpose?’ question • Students make a prediction about the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis What is Kennedys mood? Why is he worried? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7YkJxQT_0Y www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  34. Cuban Missile Crisis Review and Source Analysis • Lesson Objectives • To identify the message in cartoons • To compare the accuracy of sources • To complete model exam answer • Lesson Outcomes • To apply knowledge to exam style questions www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  35. Source A Source B Source C www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  36. MESSAGE Purpose Own Knowledge Evidence from the source in support www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  37. MESSAGE Purpose Own Knowledge Evidence from the source in support www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  38. MESSAGE Purpose Own Knowledge Evidence from the source in support www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  39. On the back of your source write one piece of advice for working out the message of sources

  40. On the back of your table write one piece of advice on how to judge the accuracy of a source

  41. Explain why Questions Source B Explain why Khrushchev removed the missiles from Cuba. (6 marks) Structure One reason is Another reason is A final reason is (Hint-Source B gives one possible reason, from your own knowledge what are two others?) www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  42. Peer Assessment Explain why Khrushchev removed the missiles from Cuba. Read your partners answer Give it a mark out of 6 If it is not 6/6 give advice on how to improve the answer If it is 6/6 say why/what they have done well Level 1 - 1 mark Gives 1 reason but no explanation or factual detail. Level 2 – 2/3 marks Gives 2 reasons with some explanation. Level 3 – 4/5 marks Gives 2 reasons, explained with evidence from own knowledge. Level 4 - 6 marks Gives 3 reasons, fully explained and developed with contextual knowledge.

  43. Plenary • Reflect back over the lesson today: • What three pieces of advice would you give someone else sitting this exam in the summer? • Homework – Take files home and revise and prepare for assessment next lesson on the Cuban Missile Crisis

  44. Plenary • Reflect back over the lesson today: • What three pieces of advice would you give someone else sitting this exam in the summer? • Homework • 1) Complete Multi Flow map for Crisis • 2) Take files home and revise and prepare for assessment next lesson on the Cuban Missile Crisis

  45. Topic Review: Cuban Missile Crisis Complete the Multi-Flow Map Root Causes Causes Effect Major Event The Cuban Missile crisis www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  46. Cuban Missile Crisis American Reaction Explain why Kennedy blockaded Cuba? (6 marks) One reason Another reason My final reason www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  47. Cuban Missile Crisis Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? • Objectives • To know how 12 days crisis rocked the world • To understand how the end 0f the cold war affected each of the countries • To be able to evaluate which countries benefitted the most and which suffered How did 13 days rock the world? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VGx7dimJ6ns&feature=related www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  48. Cuban Missile Crisis How did 13 days rock the world? www.historytl.com Scheme of work –Paper 1: Cold War

  49. The Cuban Missile CrisisA Review – Complete the Flow Map Communism has been ‘contained’ in Europe Castro leads a successful communist revolution - removing Battista Castro nationalised some U.S industries Kennedy breaks off relations with Cuba CIA start to plan for ways to remove Castro The October crisis 25th October 1962 The October Crisis 16th October 1962 October crisis 26th October 1962 1960 The October Crisis 14th October 1962 1950 1959 June 1960 April 1961 May 1962 October crisis 27th October 1962 The October Crisis 24th October 1962 April 1961 By the 16th more photos confirmed sites nearly finished and 20 ships were on their way carrying missiles. Bay of Pigs Failed U.S backed invasion USSR announces publicly that they are arming Cuba U.S Spy planes take detailed photos of missile bases in Cuba USA starts blockade of Cuba 10.32 am 20 ships closest to Cuba suddenly turn round Colour the events Red for Russia/Cuba Blue for USA Outcomes List three below October crisis 28th October 1962 Kennedy receives another letter saying he would remove missiles from Cuba if missiles are removed from Turkey, U.S spy plane shot down Photos of bases show missile sites still being built Kennedy receives letter from Khrushchev acknowledging missiles on Cuba Khrushchev agrees to dismantle missiles and remove them from Cuba www.historytl.com