I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand. I reflect and I learn. Carmen Friesen, Tulare County Office of Education
Reflection: A Critical Component of Leadership Jennifer Dove Peg MacDonald
Aha! Questions/ I wonder… Notes on Reflection This reminds me of… (Text to Self, Text to Text, Text to World) When writing reflective papers, I need to remember to…
The major outcome of the Andrews Leadership Program is an integrated person with a sense of purpose who knows he/she is and what he/she can accomplish.Dr. Shirley Freed
Using Reflection in Your Program 1. IDP Development Goals and vision based on beliefs 2. Competency Demonstration Summative papers on competencies and practice 3. Portfolio Presentation Integration of competencies with each other and with your practice, synthesis paper 4. Dissertation Literature review, determination of methodology, analysis of data
Think about a time when… Concept Map What is reflection? (words, phrases, etc.) Reflection is like _______________ because _______________ ______________________. Recognizing Reflection What are the conditions needed for reflection?
What is Reflection? Rodin depicts The Thinker as a man in sober meditation battling with a powerful internal struggle. Does reflection always have to be painful, solitary, and passive?
Reflection Involves A state of doubt, hesitation, perplexity, mental difficulty Resulting in Searching, hunting, inquiring To find material that will Resolve the doubt, settle and dispose of the perplexity
Reflection is the ability to analyze information • within a framework of beliefs. • Dewey,1933 • Four stages of reflection • Experience • Observation and Reflection • Abstract Reconceptualization • Experimentation • Kolb, 1984
Reflection on Action and Reflection in Action When good jazz musicians improvise together, they similarly display reflection-in-action smoothly integrated into ongoing performance. Listening to one another and listening to themselves, they “feel” where the music is going and adjust their playing accordingly. A figure announced by one performer will be taken up by another, elaborated, and turned into a new melody. Each player makes on-line inventions, and responds to surprises triggered by the inventions of the other players. Schon, 1987
Reflective Judgment is the ability of individuals to reason regarding ill-structured problems. Stages of Reflective Judgment 1. Pre-reflective 2. Quasi-Reflective 3. Reflective Kitchener & King, 1994
Conditions that Support Reflection Doing.. active involvement and meaningful context Modeling of others Cultureof learning and reflection Habit of mind Beliefs about knowledge and learning Theory using concepts from the literature
Reflection and Theory Inform Practice Theory is a practice that constantly is informing one’s beliefs, actions, and practices. Jose Alaby
Interaction of theory, practice and reflection experience observation and reflection improved practice Reconceptualize using theory
Theory Constructivist Knowledge is continually reconstructed by individuals and groups The Social Family Model Philosophy Pragmatism Any design may be useful for illumination Reality is interpreted, negotiated and consensual Existentialism Theorists Dewey,Reflective thinking Phillips, 1995 3 roles in constructivist: active learner, the social learner and the creative learner Vygotsky, Maxine Green, Piaget, Eisner, Clandinine REFLECTIVE RESEARCHER My Practices Multiple sources of data used to verify findings Journals from students, rubrics and reflection all used in teaching My Beliefs There is subjectivity in both quantitative and qualitative methodologies and when recognized and put in context, this is fine for research or evaluation purposes
A good reflection should… • Consider multiple perspectives • Include a variety of data/evidence • Evaluate information across different contexts • Inform practice • Demonstrate changes in own knowledge, repertoire, and practice • Re-evaluate when there is new data or evidence • Interpret information using evaluated opinions of reputable others: theory, concepts
“Thinking critically involves our recognizing the assumptions underlying our beliefs and behaviors. It means we can give justifications for our ideas and actions.” Stephen D. Brookfield Developing Critical Thinkers Jossey-Bass, S.F. , 1987
Write on your note page some things that • you might want to remember when reflecting. • 2. What is your metaphor for reflection? • (Complete the space in the middle of the Concept Map.) • Reflection is like_________because________.