The battle of The Somme By Rory Droom & Kevin Park
Location of the battle • Somme river, France.
The dates of the battle • July 1st 1916, November 18th.
Canada’s role in the battle • Canadians didn’t arrive at the Somme till’ late summer. • Drawn into fighting early, major losses.
Role continued • Canadians soldiers ordered to take over a beet sugar refinery. • Germans forced to surrender.
Role continued • Troops moved into Courcelette, France. • 2 days of close quarters fighting.
Role continued • Canadians persisted in fighting through bad weather. • Captured Courcelette.
Significance of the battle • Major British casualties. • Record not broken yet. • Artillery onslaught ineffective
Significance continued • Across in straight lines. • Officers carried only handguns • Gained land reclaimed.
Significance conclusion • Examples of British arrogance. • Lloyd George & JM Bourne say “colossal waste of time.”
Strategies used in the battle • Creeping Barrage. • Artillery bombardment. • Cavalry ready to go.
Strategies conclusion • Mine excavation & detonation. • “Lighting Bursts.” • Gas attack.
How did the battle transpire? • French losing at Verdun. • Haig, Joffre and Rawlinson’s. efforts. • Kill Germans, gain territory.
Weapons used in the battle • Rifles – Kill 1.4 kilometers away. • Machine gun – Worth 60-100 rifles. • Cannons- lengthy range.
Ross Rifle Lee Enfield
Weapons continued • Poison gas – silent, but deadly. • Bayonet – Multi-purpose spear. • Flamethrower – spread the flames.
Weapons conclusion • Tank – unpredictable, helped the infantry. • Trench Mortar – more protection for the artillery
Stats on the battle • Hundreds of thousands of British and French. • Over half a million Germans killed.
Memories from The Somme • General Sir Douglas Haig • Capt. RJ Trounshell
Videos • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Tv5gBa9DQs&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEzm1rpG6rc&feature=related
A concluding poem • Poem from William Noel Hodginson • Written just before the battle