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Drug Education. Lecture 12. What to Expect in this Lecture. What is drug education? Approaches to drug education Effectiveness of drug education. What is Drug Education?.

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drug education

Drug Education

Lecture 12

what to expect in this lecture
What to Expect in this Lecture
  • What is drug education?
  • Approaches to drug education
  • Effectiveness of drug education
what is drug education
What is Drug Education?

…is a broad term referring to measures to prevent and/or reduce drug use by providing information on the nature and consequences of drug use and/or by attempting to directly influence behavior.

approaches to drug education
Approaches to Drug Education
  • Historically, there have been three broad approaches to drug education
    • Informational model
    • Affective model
    • Social influence model
  • Increasingly, a fourth approach is being advocated—a harm reduction model.
informational model
Informational Model
  • Designed primarily to convey factual information regarding drugs
  • These programs are typically implemented through schools
  • Mass media are often used as well
  • Partnership for a Drug-Free America
    • Originated in 1986
    • Tends to produce dramatic commercials of effects of drug use
    • Other ads target parents
  • Other informational programs
    • Drunk driving schools
    • Anti-smoking campaigns by American Heart Association
    • MADD
affective model
Affective Model
  • Designed to assist students in developing life skills, including:
    • Enhancing self-esteem
    • Decision-making skills
    • Communication skills
  • Based on the idea that when these factors are lacking, students are more vulnerable to drug use and other social pathologies such as delinquency
  • Built upon principles of social control theory
  • Two widely used programs:
    • Reconnecting Youth: A Peer Group Approach to Building Life Skills – directed toward high school students
    • Preparing Parents for Drug-Free Years – directed to parents of children in grades 4-8
social influence model
Social Influence Model
  • Seeks to prepare young people to resist peer pressure to use drugs
  • Early programs developed in the 1970’s to teach kids to resist pressure to smoke cigarettes
  • Most well-known program is the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE), jointly initiated by LAPD and the LA public school system
  • DARE is not the only social influence program. Others include
    • Self-management and Resistance Training (SMART)
    • Adolescent Learning Experiences in Resistance Training (ALERT)
effectiveness of drug education
Effectiveness of Drug Education
  • Effectiveness varies by type of program
  • Informational Programs
    • Results have generally been disappointing
    • Often effective in changing attitudes, but not behavior
  • Affective Programs
    • Results mixed
    • Generally find more effectiveness with attitudes
  • Social Influence Programs
    • Generally much more effective in producing behavioral change than other two types
    • Ironically, DARE is the one exception—generally not found to be effective
harm reduction model
Harm Reduction Model
  • Based on following general premises:
    • “Drugs” consist of both licit and illicit substances
    • Abstinence is not realistic for all individuals
    • “Use” of drugs does not necessarily constitute “abuse”
    • Context of drug use is a primary factor in safe drug use
  • Rosenbaum suggests several specific goals of a harm reduction model
    • Provide factual information
    • Incorporate experiences of youths themselves
    • Incorporate role models, preferably older youth, who have used but not abused drugs
  • Has been practiced in principle with alcohol for several decades
  • Has met much resistance for illicit drug use, however
  • Recent efforts include:
    • Harm Reduction Drug Education (HRDE)
    • Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse (MAMA)