Emotional Disturbance & Prevalence Rates. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS. Prevalence. In special education, prevalence refers to the total number of individuals with a specific disability in a given population at a given time.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS
Category of Disability Percentage of Students
in Special Education
Specific Learning Disability 51%
Speech & Language Disorder 19%
Mental Retardation 11%
Emotional Disturbance 9%
There is extreme variation in ED rates from state to state and among school districts. Why?
1. Ambiguous definition of ED
2. Differences in “Acceptable” vs. “Unacceptable” behaviors
1. Put the person first: Say:
“The Child with an Emotional Disturbance” NOT “The Emotionally Disturbed Child.”