emergence of nation states n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Emergence of Nation States PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Emergence of Nation States

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Emergence of Nation States - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Emergence of Nation States. Late Medieval Period. What is a nation-state?. Large group of people sharing common language, territory, and government. Rise of nation-states in Europe marked end of feudalism. 1st nation-states: England, France, Spain, and Russia. William the Conqueror.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Emergence of Nation States

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  1. Emergence of Nation States Late Medieval Period

  2. What is a nation-state? • Large group of people sharing common language, territory, and government. • Rise of nation-states in Europe marked end of feudalism. • 1st nation-states: England, France, Spain, and Russia

  3. William the Conqueror • 1066 AD – King Edward dies without heir for England • Brother-in-law Harold and Cousin William (Duke of Normandy) fight for throne • Meet at Battle of Hastings – William wins. • Known as Norman Conquest • Became King of England on Christmas Day, 1066. • Successfully unites most of England

  4. William the Conqueror-Still needs a date to prom!

  5. Henry II • Inherits English throne in 1154 • Reforms Justice system • Changed law to reflect accepted customs • Began Common Law – legal system based on custom and court decisions • Common Law, unlike Feudal Law, applied to all of England. • Developed 1st jury system

  6. Henry II

  7. John • Son of Henry II • Weak and abusive ruler • Forced extreme taxes and misused power • 1215 – Nobles banded together and forced John to sign the Magna Carta • Magna Carta = Great Charter

  8. Magna Carta • Document severely limited King’s powers • Included clause protecting all men from being arrested/imprisoned EXCEPT “by legal judgment of peers or law of land” • We know this as Due Process of Law • When 1st written, Magna Carta only helped Nobles; later applied to all people

  9. Magna Carta

  10. Hugh Capet • Feudal nobles of FRANCE elect him to be new king in 987 AD. • Made French throne hereditary • Expanded French kingdom

  11. Hundred Years’ War • 1337-1453 • England and France fight over land • England wins many early battles. • Helps to define both England and France as separate nations

  12. Joan of Arc • French teenager who asked Charles the Dauphin to lead army against England • Charles was heir to throne • Joan said God told her to save France • She lead them to victory in Battle of Orleans • Later taken captive by English, tried for witchcraft, and burned at the stake in 1431.

  13. Joan of Arc

  14. The Muslims in Spain • Christians fight Muslims to regain control of Spain. • This campaign to drive out Muslims in Spain is known as the Reconquista • Lasts for 700 years! • Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon marry and unite territories • Final drive against Muslims works in 1492.

  15. Ferdinand and Isabella • Successfully united most of Spain. • Supported exploration (Christopher Columbus). • Completed the Reconquista in 1492.

  16. King Philip II of Spain • 1556-1598 AD • Used gold and silver from Spanish conquests in Peru and Mexico to make Spain wealthy. • Also conquers Netherlands, Sicily, Portugal, Italy, and Philippines, etc. • MAJOR CONTRIBUTION IS EXPANDING SPANISH EMPIRE!

  17. King Philip II of Spain

  18. The Mongols • 1200s Mongols took over Russia • Kept power for 240 years • Over time, Russians united under Ivan II to overthrow the Mongols. • Ivan III (Ivan the Great) became czar (tsar) of Russia.

  19. Defeat the Mongols. United much of Russia together. Earned the nickname “moneybags”. Called Russia the “Third Rome” and took the title of “caesar” or czar. Ivan The Great

  20. In Conclusion • Eastern Orthodox Church made headquarters in Moscow, Russia • City became political center as well as spiritual center http://bestanimations.com/Cartoons/WarnerBros/WarnerBros.html