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The Physical Therapy Process. Physical Therapy Treatment Plans also called. What is Physical Therapy?. Field of medicine using physical agents and exercise to treat disabilities physical agents heat, Light Water Massage Exercise. Advocate Lutheran General Hospital Park Ridge, Illinois.

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what is physical therapy
What is Physical Therapy?
  • Field of medicine using physical agents and exercise to treat disabilities
    • physical agents
      • heat,
      • Light
      • Water
      • Massage
    • Exercise
advocate lutheran general hospital park ridge illinois
Advocate Lutheran General HospitalPark Ridge, Illinois
  • http://www.advocatehealth.com/luth/services/other/rehab/index.html
physical therapy goals
Physical Therapy Goals
  • Relief of pain
    • Post surgical
    • Medical problems
  • Muscle strength and mobility Improvement
  • Basic function Improvement
    • Standing
    • Walking
    • Grasping
parts of the physical therapy process
Parts of The Physical Therapy Process
  • Assessment
    • The Examination
    • The Evaluation
  • Diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Intervention/Treatment
  • Re-Examination
examination history current health status
Examination: History/Current Health Status
  • Medical Background
    • Age
    • Medications
    • Cognitive status
    • Medical History
  • Etiology of injury or illness
    • Event leading to problem
    • Co-morbities (for example low back pain would be Arthritis, osteoporosis, lack of exercise, stress level, poor self rated health, dissatisfaction with work)
  • Duration of problem
  • Clinical Assessments
    • Muscle Strength & ROM
    • Reflex Assessment
examination tests and measures
Examination: Tests and measures
  • Body mechanics
  • Gait
  • Balance
  • Orthotic devices
  • Prosthetic requirements
  • Range of motion
  • Reflex integration
  • Motor function
assessment evaluation
Assessment: Evaluation
  • Analysis of:
    • Examination results
    • The environment for optimal human functioning
      • Beneficial environmental factors
      • Barriers to optimal functioning
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Follows Examination & Evaluation
  • Incorporates information from other medical team members
  • Expressed in terms of movement dysfunction
  • OR in
  • Categories of impairments
    • Activity limitations
    • Participatory restrictions,
    • Environmental influences
    • Individual abilities/disabilities
prognosis
Prognosis
  • Determine the need for care/intervention
    • Determine the desired improvement in function
    • Determine amount of time to achieve that level
  • Refer to another agency or health professional if treatment is not within the scope of physical therapy
types of intervention or treatment
Types of Intervention or Treatment
  • Put into effect and modify to reach goals
    • Manual handling
    • Movement enhancement
    • Physical, electro-therapeutic agents
    • Functional training
    • Provision of assistive technologies
    • Patient related instruction and counseling
intervention or treatment continued
Intervention or Treatment continued
  • Prevention of:
    • Impairments
    • Activity limitations
    • Participatory restrictions
    • Disability and injury
intervention or treatment continued1
Intervention or Treatment continued
  • Health promotion
    • Maintenance of health
    • Quality of life
    • Workability and fitness
treatment plan continued
Treatment Plan continued
  • Coordinate the Care Plan
    • Health care team collaborates
    • Family and Care giver roles
re examination determine the outcomes
RE-Examination: DETERMINE THE OUTCOMES
  • Progress of Care
    • Identify how to measure outcomes
    • Measure the outcomes to interventions
    • Modify Care Plan in response to outcomes
activity
Activity:
  • Assign students to groups and give them a case study:
  • A baseball player has been wearing a long arm cast for 4 weeks following an injury to the distal humerus. Assessment of ROM following cast removal shows full extension of the elbow to be less than normal and painful.
  • Design a treatment plan for the patient.
slide20

HS-TGM-5. Students will understand the importance of and demonstrate data collection as it relates to the goals, objectives, and implementation of the treatment plan according to their scope of practice.

  • a. Observe, record, and report client behavior.
  • b. Assist treatment team in observing, reporting, and recording client healthcare needs, strengths, and problems.
  • c. Follow policies and protocols of the facility.
  • d. Understand and demonstrate all necessary interventions of the patient treatment plan as it relates to their scope of practice.
  • e. Examine and demonstrate the importance of client collaboration and acceptance in identifying and implementing appropriate interventions in the treatment plan.
  • f. Assist in identifying potential educational needs.
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