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Chapter Six Justice and Racism
When Night Ends Q: What does it mean? A: An old Jewish tale meaning it is still night when you can look on the face of any man or woman and it is your brother or sister. Q: What is racism? A: The Church defines racism as awareness of the biologically determined superiority of one’s own race or ethnic group with respect to others.
When Night Ends Racism leads to mistreatment of people based on: • race • color • national origin • religion • place of origin • ancestry Remember. . . Racism can be person-to-person or institutional
Institutional Racism A: Racism that infects every aspect of society Q: What is it? A: Racism that favors the majority and hindering the success of the minority
Institutional Racism Members of other minorities Affirmative Action is the policy and programs established to correct the past discrimination in education and employment opportunities b l a c k s wo m e n
Racism Against Certain Groups African Americans: • Slavery continued until the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the 13th Amendment outlawing slavery • Segregation continued and blacks were treated as second class citizens until the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s • In 1954, the Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka desegregated schools
Racism Against Certain Groups African Americans *suffer more from violence *are incarcerated disproportionately *have shorter life spans *lack educational opportunities *have a large number of families headed by single women Did you know that blacks: Also, keep in mind. . . • There still is a large income gap between African Americans and whites
Racism Against Certain Groups African Americans Racism against African Americans is, in part, a result of apartheid Apartheid was a policy of South Africa from 1948-1991 of strict segregation, prejudice and racial inequality against blacks.
Racism Against Certain Groups Hispanic Americans: • Descended from Spanish-speaking people and now represent a mix of cultures, national groups, and races • Predate English-speaking colonists in America and helped discover the Americas. • Comprise the largest minority group in the United States (One of every eight residents in the US is Latino
Racism Against Certain Groups Hispanic Americans: Hispanic Americans of Mexican ancestry Chicano braceros Manual laborers barrios neighborhoods
Racism Against Certain Groups Hispanic Americans: Did you Know. . . * Hispanic Americans have a history of working low-paying jobs in ranches, farms, mines and railroad * have lost their jobs due to cheap labor of the braceros *Children of migrant workers cannot get a decent education * many Hispanic Americans face immigration problems. * Suffer from low wages, lack of health care and decent education, unsafe and congested housing
Racism Against Certain Groups Hispanic Americans: Did you Know. . . • Nearly 73% of Hispanics in the US are Catholic • 64% of Catholic Hispanic Americans go to church regularly • American Catholic Bishops challenge parishes to find ways to embrace Hispanic Catholics
Racism Against Certain Groups Native Americans: • Once numbered from 4.5 to 10 million when Columbus discovered American, by the end of the 19th century decreased to a quarter of a million people • Diseases that the Native Americans had no immunities • Loss of cultural identity as Native American religion and customs were stamped out • Vicious wars by the English • Destruction of the buffalo • Expansion of the railroad • Lands taken over by Anglos as they moved West Did you Know that the Native American suffered because :
Racism Against Certain Groups Housing Homelessness Negative Effects of Reservations Education Poverty Death rates among youth Unemployment
Racism Against Certain Groups Native Americans: Did you Know. . . Although the Church was prejudice in the past trying to Christianize Native Americans, it has become more sensitive to defending their rights
Being Inclusive During Jesus’ ministry, he included everyone Things to Consider about Racism: St. Paul encouraged his converts to see through the external differences that separate us
Being Inclusive Racial Justice Support efforts to eradicate discrimination Root prejudice out of own lives Empathize with others Celebrate diversity Learn from others Appreciate our common humanity
Vocabulary • racism • affirmative action • institutional racism • apartheid • Chicano • braceros • barrios • encyclical