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Digital Rectal Exam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Digital Rectal Exam. done to check for problems with organs or other structures in the pelvis and lower belly. During the examination, a health professional gently puts a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the rectum.

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digital rectal exam
Digital Rectal Exam
  • done to check for problems with organs or other structures in the pelvis and lower belly.
  • During the examination, a health professional gently puts a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the rectum.
  • He or she may use the other hand to press on the lower belly or pelvic area.
digital rectal exam1
Digital Rectal Exam
  • Check for growths in or enlargement of the prostate gland in men.
  • Check for problems in a woman's reproductive organs, such as the uterus and ovaries. It is often done during a regular pelvic examination and Pap test. It may also be done to check on symptoms, such as pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding.
  • Help find the cause of symptoms such as rectal bleeding (blood in the stool), belly or pelvic pain, a change in urination, or a change in bowel habits.
  • Collect a stool sample to test for blood in the stool.
  • Check for hemorrhoids or growths, such as cancer, in the rectum. DRE alone is not used to diagnose colorectal cancer. Also, a DRE may not find internal hemorrhoids because they are soft and hard to feel; a sigmoidoscopy may be needed to diagnose internal hemorrhoids.
anoscopy
Anoscopy
  • an examination using a small, rigid, tubular instrument called an anoscope (also called an anal speculum).
  • This is inserted a few inches into to the anus in order to evaluate problems of the anal canal.
  • Anoscopy is used to diagnose hemorrhoids, anal fissures (tears in the lining of the anus), and some cancers.
conditions visible to anoscopy
Conditions visible to Anoscopy
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Anal fissures
  • Fistulas
  • Abscesses
  • Inflammation
  • Perianal/rectal tumors
  • Anoscopy will permit biopsies to be taken
proctosigmoidoscopy
Proctosigmoidoscopy
  • procedure for examination of the anus, rectum, and distal sigmoid colon.
  • Involves the use of a proctoscope, sigmoidoscope, or colonoscope.
  • These instruments all provide visual examination of the intestine, as well as the ability to obtain tissue samples for biopsy.
proctosigmoidoscopy1
Proctosigmoidoscopy
  • Recommended if someone is experiencing changes in bowel habits, blood or mucus in stools, abdominal pain, or severe itching, known as pruritis
  • This type of examination may be suggested for those who have a family history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cancer, or other digestive tract diseases
  • Other symptoms that may prompt a physician to perform a proctosigmoidoscopy include previous occurrences of polyps, unusual flatulence, or urinary tract issues