Models of Leadership and Motivation in Indian Thoughts, Examples from Scriptures According to Alan Keith, “Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen”. According to Kenneth Clark, “An activity or set of activities, observable to others that occurs in a group, organization or institution involving a leader and followers who willingly subscribes to common purposes and work together to achieve them.
Models of Leadership in Indian Thought • Rajarshi Model: It is a combination of ‘Raja’ and ‘Rishi’ . Rishi is visionary, is the base and Raja who ensures the happiness of the people, is the superstructure. Rishi: • Give priority to role over self. • Translates cosmic order into social order.i.e, wisdom, power, protection and work translated into Brahmins, kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras • Have solitude, silence and sincerity in his character.
Buddhism Leadership Model: • 1. Dana (Charity). • 2. Sila (A high moral character). • 3. khanti (Tolerance) • 4. Avihimsa ( Non-violence) • 5. Avirodha (Non-opposition) • Vivekananda Model of Leadership: • Purity of Character. • Inborn quality of holding people together. • Service & love- prerequisites of leadership. • Martial spirit is not self-assertion, but self-sacrifice. • Leader has to be Impartial and Impersonal.
Examples of Leadership from Scriptures: • 1. Leadership from Ramayana • 2. Leadership from Mahabharata • 3. Leadership from Bible
Motivation • Motivation is derived from the word “motive”. • According to S.P. Robbins, “Motivation is the willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals, conditioned by the effort and ability to satisfy some individual need”. • According Dalton E. McFarland, “Motivation refers to the way in which urges, drives, desires, aspirations, striving or needs direct, control or explain the behaviour of human beings”.
Models of Motivation in Indian Thoughts • Krishna Model of Motivation • Inspiration Model of Motivation • AUM Model of Motivation and • MAP Model of Motivation • Krishna Model: • Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that he should perform his duty and not think of the results of the activities. He advises Arjuna not to worry about killing his kith and kin since he is waging a war against ‘Adharma’ (injustice). He explains that during a ‘Dharmayudha’ (war for righteousness) the objective should be to re-install righteousness, even if it involves killing near and dear ones. • Lord Krishna explains to Arjuna, the importance of achieving detachment from materialistic needs
Inspirational Model • It indicates that the explanation for the cause of motivation could be sought within the framework of inspiration rather than that of needs alone. • Example: SwadhyayaPariwar, Ramkrishna Mission, Mother Teresa’s Organization etc.
AUM Model (All Un-manifest and Manifest Energy) According to the theory of sheaths, unmanifest (Potential energy) energy exists within the reserviour of the various sheaths, depending upon the manifest energy (kinetic energy) conversion co-efficient, individuals differ from each other in their drives.
MAP Model of Motivation • MAP- Manas, Anna, & Prana • It understands the impact of inspiration on three elements: intense desire to be one with inspiration, material condition & energy or life-force.
Examples of Motivation from Scriptures • Motivation Lessons from Mahabharata • Kourav & Pandav • Motivation Lessons from Quran • It is an established fact that the way a manager behaves or deals with the subordinates determines the levels and vitality of their motivation and commitment to a great extent. • Motivation Lessons from Ramayana • Elite, Mediocre & Ordinary • According to Sri Rama the intellectual elites are to be appointed in the prime posts, which require decision-making and planning. • The mediocre are to be appointed in regular jobs which requires implementation of the plans and • The ordinary people are to be appointed for serving the organization and in the jobs which requires more of manual work and less of intelligence.