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Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance man. Rebirth of classical knowledge. Begins in Italian city-states Spreads to Northern Europe. Sistine Chapel By Michelangelo – realist painter & sculptor. Humanism – focus on human values and accomplishments, learning. Shakespeare

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slide1

Mona Lisa

by Leonardo da Vinci

Renaissance man

Rebirth of classical knowledge

Begins in Italian city-states

Spreads to Northern Europe

Sistine Chapel

By Michelangelo – realist painter & sculptor

Humanism – focus on human values and accomplishments, learning

Shakespeare

English playwright, poet of Northern Renaissance

Machiavelli – The Prince

slide2

Martin Luther

Salvation by faith alone

All humans equal before God

Italians dominate

Corruption and sale of indulgences

Huge wealth & influence of merchants

Posts 95 Theses (problems) on church door

Begins Protestant movement

slide3

Henry VIII of England

– Pope in Rome

English church

property as his

Elizabeth I

Anglican Church

Dissenters

Spanish Armada

Colonies

John Calvin

Predestination

What will happen to you

Protestant movement

slide4

Princes

remains Catholic

30 Years War

Edict of Nantes

Calvinists in France

Makes 30 Years War political

John Wycliffe Jan Huss

Council of Trent

Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

Inquisition

individualism secularism

Religious toleration

Printing press

Higher literacy, spreads new ideas

slide5

Vasco da Gama Portugal Sails around Africa to create trade route to India

Columbus Spain Reaches the New World, decimates indigenous Americans

Magellan Spain His crew 1st to sail around the world, he dies in Philippines

Hernan Cortes Spain Conquistador, conquered the Aztecs in Central Mexico

Francisco Pizarro Spain Conquistador, conquered the Inca in Peru

Francis Drake England Privateer, sailed around the world, defeated Spanish Armada

Jacques Cartier France Reached Canada and claimed it for France

slide6

Europe

Prince Henry of Portugal pioneers exploration

Demand for gold

Competition for colonies

Europeans

Horses, cattle, diseases that kill many Indians

Sugar & rum

America

Rigid class system

Colonies imitate mother country

Christianity

Manufactured goods

lifestyles completely

leads to slavery

Plantation

economy and environment

Slaves

Africa

European trading ports

Slaves & gold exported

Christianity spreads

Western Hemisphere – Native Americans

Corn, potatoes, tobacco

Economic practice, colonies benefit mother country

banking system & money for markets

slide7

Centralize Power – take all of it for themselves

Rule by Divine Right – God’s will

France

Builds palace of Versailles

Spends to expand royal power

Louis XIV

Russia

Westernizes Russia

Builds St. Petersburg

Takes nobles power

Peter the Great

Ignores Parliament, raises taxes

Puritan military leader

slide8

Ignores Parliament, raises taxes

Puritan military leader

Grants rights

and freedoms to Englishmen

Royal power

Eventual democracy & America’s gov

Cromwell dies and Charles II

restores the monarchy to England

Peaceful, bloodless revolution

William Mary

share power equally

with Parliament

Fights with Parliament

Factions modern

political parties

slide9

Applies reason to human & natural world, stimulates religious tolerance and new government

Leviathan

Humans exist in nature

Government protects us

John Locke

Government must protect our life, liberty, & property

The Spirit of Laws

Montesquieu

Government is a contract between people and ruler

Social Contract

slide10

Religious toleration, separation of church & state

Voltaire

Thomas Jefferson

Declaration of Independence

Baroque composer

Concertos, fugues

Mozart

Symphonies, operas

Eugene Delacroix

Romantic painter

Miguel Cervantes

Don Quixote

slide11

Copernicus – developed heliocentric theory

Kepler – Discovered planetary motion

Isaac Newton

Discovered laws of gravity

William Harvey

Discovered blood circulation

Galileo

Used telescope to support heliocentric theory

Reason and observation lead to scientific method

slide12

England

Natural resources (coal, iron), stable government, steam engine

Increased education

Better standard of living

Better transportation

Urbanization - more cities

Harsh working conditions

Factory system ends cottage industries

Pollution & poor housing

Enclosure movement

slide13

James Watt

Steam Engine

James Hargreaves

Spinning jenny – used in England’s textile factories

Eli Whitney

Cotton Gin –demand for labor leads to slavery

Henry Bessemer

Process for making strong, cheap steel

Edward Jenner

Smallpoxvaccine

Louis Pasteur

Discovers bacteria & cause of sickness

slide14

European conflicts brought to colonies

Dutch & British set up trading ports in India

Christian missionaries convert natives to Christianity

Directly ruled by foreign power (America – 13 colonies)

Country protected by another 1 (Hawaii)

Region where 1 country gets trading rights (China)

Nationalism – competition for power & wealth

Industrial Revolution – demand for natural resources and markets

Matthew Perry

1854 America

East India Company

Built in Egypt to cut travel time to India, England controls it

Held in 1884, European Powers divide up Africa for themselves

slide15

Jews, non-Aryans, disabled

Adolf Hitler’s Final Solution

1930s-1940s

Political enemies, intellectuals

Joseph Stalin & secret police

Soviet Union

Rwanda

Hutu militia

1994

Artists, enemies, intellectuals

Cambodia

1970’s

slide16

High Literacy rate

Low fertility rate (babies per mother)

Slow or no population growth

Freemarket economies

Large middle class

Political freedom

High Birth rates = rapid growth

Low literacy rates

Little access to health care

Poverty

Poor health

Ethnic & religious conflict Climate change

illiteracy

Pollutionrapid growthTerrorism

slide17

Refugees countries

Guest workers temporary

  • Munich Olympics
  • 9/11 attacks
  • Car bombings
  • Suicide bombers
  • Airline hijackers

Global peace keeping organization

lends money to developing nations at a cost

Surveillance

Review of privacy rights

Security at ports and airports

Identification badges and photos

free trade agreement between US, Canada, & Mexico

Global organization promoting free trade

- common currency and easier borders in Europe