A Rebirth of Knowledge Renaissance means rebirth . This period saw a rebirth in knowledge. The Renaissance was turning from God to man. Science and the arts were becoming more important. Christopher Columbus discovered America Michelangelo was painting the Sistine Chapel
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The printing press was invented during the Renaissance.Some people consider this to be the most important contribution to civilization in the last thousand years!It allowed music to be printed quickly - before then, it had to be copied by hand.
One of the most famous people from the Renaissance was Leonardo da Vinci. He was known as a Renaissance man because he could do many things well.He was a painter, architect, inventor, scientist, poet, musician and teacher.
A technique in which the composer seeks to try to musically ‘paint’ the words of the text - the music illustrates the meaning of a particular word. E.g. the word ‘shake’ might be illustrated by trills or running by descending scales.
The story of the music was often reflected in the sound: death or sadness by a minor key and discords, and happiness by a bright major key and a dance-likestyle.
"Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone"
only the soprano sings, since she was all alone.
In the next line:
"Feeding her flock near to the mountain side",
all the voices sang since it was her flock.
In the second phrase:
"Up and down he wandered…then they fell a-kissing"
repeats cause the elusion of ‘kissing up and down’.
The song describes a person who saw a young shepherdess sitting alone feeding her sheep near a mountain. The other shepherds did not know where she was at the time. Her boyfriend, Amyntas, goes looking for her and wanders through the hills playing hide and seek. Eventually he finds her and when he does, they kiss.
Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone Feeding her flock near to the mountain side. The shepherds knew not, they knew not whither she was gone, But after her lover Amyntas hide, Up and down he wanderedwhilst she was missing; When he found her, O then they fell a-kissing
* Choral music was an extension of the Gregorian chant. It was sung a cappella and in Latin
* Motets were popular (polyphonic works) with four or five voice parts singing one religious text
Giovanni Palestrinawas considered one of the great masters of Renaissance music. He was an Italian who wrote mostly religious works. He wrote motets, madrigals, and masses.