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Al-Shaheen Gas Flaring Reduction & Gathering Project. Summary Conclusions Recommendations. Presentation Contents. Qatar, and Global Emissions El-Shaheen Gas Flare Reduction and Gathering (GFR&G) Project Lesson Learned for other GFR&G projects Conclusions . Qatar & CO 2 Emissions.

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Al shaheen gas flaring reduction gathering project

Al-Shaheen Gas Flaring Reduction & Gathering Project




Presentation contents
Presentation Contents

  • Qatar, and Global Emissions

  • El-Shaheen Gas Flare Reduction and Gathering (GFR&G) Project

  • Lesson Learned for other GFR&G projects

  • Conclusions

Qatar co 2 emissions
Qatar & CO2 Emissions

  • In 2002, Qatar emitted 28 million tons of CO2

  • Only 0.13% Global emissions...

  • ...but about 37 t per capita compared with...

    • 27 t per capita in USA

    • ...or roughly 10 t in UK and Denmark

    • ...or roughly 2.5 t in China

Qatar Takes this Seriously!

Qatar s actions
Qatar’s Actions

  • Qatar acceeded to the Kyoto Protocol on 11 January, 2005

  • HSE Regulation Authority designated as National Authority...

  • deal with Kyoto compliance...

  • ...sustainable developments making use of...

  • ...the clean development mechanisms

Even prior to kyoto accession
Even Prior to Kyoto Accession

  • Qatar made a major investment at Al-shaheen

  • The $300 + million project was started in 2002 and completed during 2004

    between 2004 and 2020....

  • ...32 million tonnes of high quality hydrocarbons will be exported to processing plants in Qatar’s industrial complex

    • Equivalent to 230 million barrels of oil

  • ...84 million tonnes of CO2 emissions will be avoided at El-Shaheen oil production operations

Project will cap El-Shaheen’s CO2 emissions and will avoid almost 4 years of National emissions at 2002 levels

Al shaheen gas flaring reduction gathering project

Million t/y







Gas exports

32 million t

12 million t

Gas Flared

Significant co 2 emission avoidance
Significant CO2 Emission Avoidance

Of which 32 million t was before 2005

Economic benefits
Economic Benefits

1.23 Mt gas saved during 2005

was worth $369 million

At $42/b oil equivalent

Lifetime revenue addition will be over $10 billion

at $42/boe

Low cost of co 2 avoidance by gas flare reduction at shaheen
Low Cost of CO2 Avoidance by Gas Flare reduction at Shaheen

CO2 avoidance costs in Annex I countries are high

EU ETS at € 23/t

Al-Shaheen GFR cost $350M/84M = $4.17/t CO2

Additional economic benefits qatar can trade this advantage
Additional Economic BenefitsQatar can trade this advantage

  • Most industialized nations cannot meet their Kyoto obligations from reductions within their borders

  • Such reductions are costly for highly industrialized nations

  • The Kyoto process makes it attractive for Annex I countries to purchase less costly Certified Emission Reductions from Annex II countries, like Qatar

Qatar can benefit from these trades

Al shaheen experience shows that gas flaring
Al-Shaheen Experience Shows that Gas Flaring...

  • a hydrocarbon constrained Globe

  • ...wastes valuable resources – and money!

    Gas Flare reduction & gathering...

  • …increases hydrocarbon reserves

  • …pays off the investment rapidly

  • …reduces CO2 emissions at low cost

Further GFR projects are also likely to benefit Qatar & the Environment

Co 2 is a vital resource for qatar s hydrocarbon future
CO2 is a vital resource for Qatar’s Hydrocarbon Future

  • When hydrocarbons are transformed or burned, CO2 is formed

  • CO2 released into the environment increases already high atmospheric concentration

  • CO2 captured from industrial processes in Qatar can be returned to the oil or gas reservoir ....

  • enhance the recovery and increase the reserves of Qatar’s valuable hydrocarbons

Al shaheen gas flaring reduction gathering project


3 barrels

Incremental oil

1 ton captured CO2 at $10 - $30

Al shaheen gas flaring reduction gathering project

Coal Gasification







Sheep Montain







St. JohnDome








Gas Plants



CO2 is already in wide-spread use

Industrial sources have

always been important

73 CO2-miscible floods, 2004

USA & Canada (OGJ)

Global eor potential enormous 2004 estimate dave beecy us doe
Global EOR Potential Enormous(2004 Estimate – Dave Beecy, US DOE)

Mostly in the Gulf

Potential for qatar
Potential for Qatar

  • Qatar’s proven oil reserves are ~ 15 billion barrels (OPEC Annual Report, 2004)

  • Probable Original Oil in Place, 37 billion barrels (speculative)

  • Experience in carbonate reservoirs of the West Texas Permian indicates that recoverable oil reserves can be boosted by between 5 and 20%...

  • …or in Qatar by between 1.8 and 7.5 billion CO2 -incremental barrels…

  • …thereby extending Qatar’s oil production life by between 5 and 20 years (at today’s rate of 1 million bbls/day)

How much co 2 is needed
How much CO2 is needed?

  • At an industry average of 3 barrels of incremental oil from 1 ton of CO2 injected & permanently sequestered...

  • ...Qatar will therefore need to supply its oil fields with between 600 and 2000 million tons of CO2 over the lifetime of EOR

  • …thus taking a Globally significant quantity of CO2 from the atmosphere

Global Emissions of CO2 during 2003 were ~ 24,000 million tons

Where will the co 2 come from
Where will the CO2 Come from?

  • Sour gas production & treatment

  • Gas to Liquid industries

  • LNG plants

  • Ammonia and hydrogen production

  • Other petrochemicals

  • Oil refining

  • Cement and other manufacturing plants

  • Power generation & water desalination

  • Other industries and possibly imports

Next steps
Next Steps

  • Strengthen the National Regulation Authority in Qatar to..

  • ..develop a CO2 reduction strategy taking into account

    • Qatar’s economic interests

    • Economic and environmental interest’s of Qatar’s many Global trading partners

    • Growing need for energy efficiency

    • Longer term diversification of energy resources

  • Development of a National CO2 inventory for Qatar...

    • ...listed according to cost and feasibility of capture

  • Development of an inventory of CO2 sinks

    • Listed acording to suitability for EOR or EGR (enhanced gas recovery)