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European Commission

European Commission

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European Commission

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  1. Open issues for a European area of civil justice Open issues in the creation of a European area of civil justice Living in an area of freedom, security and justice Karen Vandekerckhove Kranjska Gora, 16 November 2007 European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  2. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters Overview A. Milestones on the way to a European area of justice B. The agenda for the next few years (and beyond) C. Ongoing and future projects D. Particular questions for the future Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  3. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters A. Milestones on the way to a European area of justice • 1993 Maastricht Treaty • 1998 Amsterdam Treaty • 1999 Tampere Programme • 2000 Programme on Mutual Recognition • 2004 Hague Programme Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  4. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters B. The agenda for the next years • I. Hague Programme for strengthening freedom, security and justice in the European Union, 2004: • The main challenges for the future of Civil Justice: • Completing the Programme of Mutual Recognition • Implementing the acquis communautaire • Enhancing cooperation in the area of civil justice • Ensuring coherence with international legal order • II. Action Plan implementing the Hague Programme, 2005 • → EU work programme until 2010. Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  5. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters C. Ongoing and future projects • I. Completing the Programme of Mutual Recognition • 1. Private international law • ●Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement • ▪ Review of Brussels I Regulation • ● Applicable Law • ▪ Rome I – Law applicable to contractual obligations Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  6. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters • ● Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement and applicable law • ▪ Maintenance obligations • ▪ Rome III – applicable law and jurisdiction for divorce • ▪ Wills and successions • ▪ Matrimonial property regimes Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  7. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters 2. European civil procedure ● Certain aspects of mediation ● Review of service of documents Regulation ● Review of taking of evidence Regulation Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  8. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters • Enforcement • ▪ Attachment of bank accounts • ▪ Provisional and protective measures • ▪ Transparency of the debtor’s assets • Minimum standards of civil procedure • e.g. service of documents, commencement of proceedings, transparency of costs Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  9. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters • 3. New area: e-justice • European portal on justice • Electronic access to court • Interconnexion of national networks • 4. Other ongoing studies • Civil status • Legalisation • Adoption Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  10. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters • II. Enhancing cooperation • ● Strengthening the European Judicial Network in civil and • commercial matters • ● Promoting knowledge of the acquis communautaire in civil justice • ● Promoting cooperation between members of the legal professions Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  11. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters • III. International Legal Order • ● Hague Conference • ▪ Choice of court agreements • ▪ Maintenance obligations • ● Council of Europe • ▪ European Day of Civil Justice • ▪ Biannual Conference • ● Lugano Convention • ● Others Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice

  12. The Future of Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters D. Particular questions for the future • I. Implementation • II. Impact of the Treaty on the functioning of the EU • Genuine political objective • “Matters having cross-border implications” • The « passerelle » in family law • Power of the ECJ • Protocols on the position of UK/IE/DK • III. External Community competence • ECJ opinion 1/03 Living in an area of freedom, security and justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom, Security and Justice