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Chapter 4 Salads and Garnishing
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Chapter 4 Salads and Garnishing

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  1. Chapter 4 Salads and Garnishing

  2. INGREDIENTS AND PARTS OF A SALAD • The three keys to ensuring a quality salad are: • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • The four basic parts to most salads are: • BASE___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • BODY___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • GARNISH________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • DRESSING_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.1 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  3. Types of Salad • Proper handwashing is critical before preparing salads. • The five main types of salad are: • The two types of green salad are ________ and __________ (or mixed). Prepare all ingredients individually for either salad. • Prepare the _____________ from cooked primary ingredients such as meat, poultry, fish, egg, or starch such as potato, pasta, or rice. • Prepare a _______________ from cooked and/or raw vegetables. • Prepare a ______________ from fruit using a slightly sweet or sweet/sour dressing to enhance the flavor. • A ______________________ incorporates a combination of any of the four salad types. 4.1 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  4. Salads and Service • Salads can be used in five ways during the service courses: • A _____________ salad, served as an appetizer to the main meal, is smaller in portion and consists of light, fresh, crisp ingredients to stimulate the appetite. • Serve an ______________salad, or side salad, with the main course of the meal, and make it light and flavorful, but not too rich. • _________________ salads are large enough to serve as a full meal and may contain protein ingredients, such as meat, poultry, seafood, egg, beans, or cheese. • The _____________ salad is intended to be a palate cleanser after a rich dinner and before dessert. • _______________ salads are usually sweet and often contain fruits, sweetened gelatin, nuts, cream, and whipped cream. 4.1 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  5. Cleaning and Storing Salads • The key to preparing good-tasting, interesting, attractive salads is to start with clean, fresh ingredients. • Always thoroughly wash greens because dirt can lodge between leaves. • After the greens are clean, proper storage is essential to keeping them fresh. • Proper storage ensures the quality of the product served to the guest. • All labels on stored containers should include the name of the item, weight, date received, name of person storing the product, and the original use-by date, if any. 4.1 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  6. Section 4.1 Summary • Lettuce is frequently used as a salad base, but any number of ingredients can be used in a salad. • The basic parts of a salad are the _______________________________________________ • The five basic types of salad are ______________________________________________________________________________________________ • The five basic salads that can be served throughout the course of a meal are _______________________________________________ • To clean salads, remove the outer leaves of greens, pull apart the remaining leaves, and rinse them thoroughly to remove any and all dirt, grit, and insects. 4.1 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  7. Types of Dressing • The primary salad dressings are: • ________________dressing in its simplest form is made of oil and vinegar. Vinaigrettes are lighter, thinner dressings often used on more delicate ingredients, such as greens and vegetables. • Compared to the suspension mixture of regular vinaigrettes, ________________________have gone through the emulsion process. An emulsion is a mixture of ingredients that permanently stays together, unlike a suspension that eventually separates. • __________________________dressings are typically creamy dressings, such as Russian, thousand island, and blue cheese. • _________________ is the most stable and thickest emulsified dressing. It contains a higher ratio of oil to vinegar and a greater quantity of egg yolks than is required for emulsified vinaigrette. 4.2 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  8. Dips A dip is a flavorful mixture that accompanies certain foods. • Like salad dressings, dips should complement or enhance a food’s flavor. • A dip must have the proper consistency. A dip should be soft enough to scoop up with a cracker, chip, or vegetable, but thick enough to stay on it. • Ethnic variations of special salads and accompaniments are very popular as dips: • Guacamole: Avocado dip (________ origin). • Salsa: Peppers, such as jalapeño or serrano, onions, and tomatoes (_________). • Hummus: Chick pea with garlic and tahini (___________). 4.2 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  9. Section 4.2 Summary • The four main salad dressings are _______________________________________________. • An _________ is the permanent blending of unlike ingredients, such as oil and vinegar. • Vinaigrettes are ______________dressings used on more delicate ingredients, like salad greens. • A ______ is a mixture served as an accompaniment to certain foods. Like salad dressings, dips are meant to complement or enhance the foods they are served with, not hide the flavor of the food. • ______________________________are examples of popular ethnic dips. 4.2 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  10. Garnishing:Why and How • Proper garnish complements the main dish in ________________________________________ • Garnish should enhance the flavor of a dish. • Preparation of garnishes is an essential part of the dish. • Some garnishes can be prepared in bulk for use when plating and finishing both hot and cold items. • What garnish to use depends not only on the food being but also on how the food is laid out on the plate. • The purpose of plate presentation is _____________________________________________ 4.3 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  11. Garnishing Dessert • Consider the flavor, texture, and appearance of the item being garnished when garnishing desserts. • Numerous items can be used to garnish desserts properly: • Fruit coulis in many varieties • Whipped cream, flavored and unflavored • Frosted mint leaves • Chocolate work in the form of string work or formed pieces • Spun sugar work • Sweet sauces • The overall impact of the garnish on the appearance of the dessert is driven by the way the garnish is presented. 4.3 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  12. Garnishing Soups • Garnishes for soups are classified into three groups: • Garnishes _______________are the actual ingredients. All garnishes must enhance both the flavor and appearance of the soup. • Add ________ to soups as a garnish as well. Place any topping on the soup immediately before service because it will either melt or sink to the bottom. • Garnishes in the form of ____________with soups include crackers, melba toast, corn chips, breadsticks, cheese straws, whole-grain wafers, and gougères. 4.3 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing

  13. Section 4.3 Summary • Enjoyment of a meal is affected by how it looks. If food has eye appeal, then enjoyment of the meal will go up. • Garnishing properly is essential when presenting food. The garnish will complement the main dish in color, flavor, and texture. • Garnish enhances the flavor of a dish as well as its eye appeal. • Garnishing desserts requires consideration of the flavor, texture, and appearance of the item being garnished. • Garnishes for soups are classified into three groups—garnishes in the soup, garnishes topping the soup, and garnishes that accompany the soup on the side. 4.3 Chapter 4 | Salads and Garnishing