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Chapter 4.1 Salads and Garnishing. The three keys to ensuring a quality salad are: The freshness of ingredients Having all the ingredients blend together in harmony Making sure the salad is appealing to the eye Kinds of Salad Greens Arugula - Belgain Endive

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Chapter 4.1

Salads and Garnishing

ingredients of a salad

The three keys to ensuring a quality salad are:

    • The freshness of ingredients
    • Having all the ingredients blend together in harmony
    • Making sure the salad is appealing to the eye
  • Kinds of Salad Greens
    • Arugula - Belgain Endive
    • Butterhead - Crisphead (Iceberg)
    • Curly Endive - Escarole
    • Green Cabbage - Leaf Lettuce
    • Micro Greens - Napa Cabbage
    • Raddichio - Red Cabbage
    • Savory Cabbage - Sorrel
    • Spinach - Watercress
Ingredients of a Salad
parts of a salad

The four basic parts to most salads are:

    • The base of a salad is usually a layer of salad greens that line the plate or bowl in which the salad will be served.
    • The body of the salad consists of the main ingredients.
    • Garnish enhances the appearance of the salad while also complementing the overall taste.
    • Salad dressings are liquids or semi-liquids used to flavor salads.
Parts of a Salad
types of salad

Proper handwashing is critical before preparing salads.

  • The five main types of salad are:
    • The two types of green salad are tossed and composed (or mixed). Prepare all ingredients individually for either salad.
    • Prepare the bound salad from cooked primary ingredients such as meat, poultry, fish, egg, or starch such as potato, pasta, or rice.
    • Prepare a vegetable salad from cooked and/or raw vegetables.
    • Prepare a fruit salad from fruit using a slightly sweet or sweet/sour dressing to enhance the flavor.
    • A combination salad incorporates a combination of any of the four salad types.
Types of Salad
salads and service

Salads can be used in five ways during the service courses:

    • A starter salad, served as an appetizer to the main meal, is smaller in portion and consists of light, fresh, crisp ingredients to stimulate the appetite.
      • Sets the tone for the rest of the meal
      • Can include small portions of protein
Salads and Service
salads and service1

2.Serve an accompaniment salad, or side salad, with the main course of the meal, and make it light and flavorful, but not too rich.

- Sweet fruit salads can accompany ham & pork

- Lighter vegetable salads for hearty meals

- Heavier salads for light main entrée

- ex. Potato salad with a sandwich

Salads and Service
salads and service2

3. Main course salads are large enough to serve as a full meal and may contain protein ingredients, such as meat, poultry, seafood, egg, beans, or cheese.

- Provide a well-balanced meal

- Examples: Chef’s salad & grilled Caesar salad

Salads and Service
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4.The intermezzo salad is intended to be a palate cleanser after a rich dinner and before dessert.

- Often served in Classic French meals

- Should be very light

Salads and Service
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5.Dessert salads are usually sweet and often contain fruits, sweetened gelatin, nuts, cream, and whipped cream.

- Often too sweet to be served at any other time

- Popular because of visual presentation

Salads and Service
cleaning and storing salads

The key to preparing good-tasting, interesting, attractive salads is to start with clean, fresh ingredients.

Always thoroughly wash greens because dirt can lodge between leaves.

After the greens are clean, proper storage is essential to keeping them fresh.

Proper storage ensures the quality of the product served to the guest.

All labels on stored containers should include the name of the item, weight, date received, name of person storing the product, and the original use-by date, if any.

Cleaning and Storing Salads
section 4 1 summary

Lettuce is frequently used as a salad base, but any number of ingredients can be used in a salad.

The basic parts of a salad are the base, the body, the garnish, and the dressing.

The five basic types of salad are green salads (tossed or composed), bound, vegetable, fruit, and combination.

The five basic salads that can be served throughout the course of a meal are starter, accompaniment, main course, intermezzo, and dessert.

To clean salads, remove the outer leaves of greens, pull apart the remaining leaves, and rinse them thoroughly to remove any and all dirt, grit, and insects.

Section 4.1 Summary