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Animal Nutrition. Nutritional requirements Food types and feeding mechanisms Overview of food processing Mammalian digestive system. Nutritional Requirements. Fuel Raw organic materials for biosynthesis Essential nutrients which must be obtained in a prefabricated form: vitamins, minerals

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animal nutrition

Animal Nutrition

Nutritional requirements

Food types and feeding mechanisms

Overview of food processing

Mammalian digestive system

nutritional requirements
Nutritional Requirements
  • Fuel
  • Raw organic materials for biosynthesis
  • Essential nutrients which must be obtained in a prefabricated form: vitamins, minerals
  • Deficiencies include: kwashiokor-protein deficiency, starvation-insufficient calories,
overview of food processing
Overview of Food Processing
  • Four stages: ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
  • Ingestion-the act of eating
  • Digestion-process of breaking down food into small molecules
  • Absorption-uptake of small molecules
  • Elimination-undigested material passes out of the digestive compartment
the mammalian digestive system
The Mammalian Digestive System
  • Oral cavity-mechanical digestion, chemical digestion of starches
  • Esophagus-conducts food to stomach, peristalsis
  • Stomach-food storage, churning, chemical digestion, secretion (regulated by gastrin, lining protected
  • Small intestine-digestion and absorption
  • Large intestine- reclaims water, produce vitamin K, produce feces
how does the stomach avoid digesting itself
How does the stomach avoid digesting itself?
  • Food contact on lining stimulates gastrin to be secreted
  • Gastrin targets parietal cells (to secrete HCl) and chief cells (to secrete pepsinogen)
  • Pepsinogen is activated by HCl
  • HCl also kills bacteria and denatures protein
the villus functional unit of the mammalian digestive system
The Villus: Functional Unit of the Mammalian Digestive System
  • Found in the small intestine
  • Contains a capillary and a lacteal
  • Responsible for most absorption
  • Human small intestine surface area = 300m2