Divine Revelation . The communication of some truth by God to a rational creature through means which are beyond the ordinary course of nature. . SACRED SCRIPTURE : The Speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit .
The communication of some truth by God to a rational creature through means which are beyond the ordinary course of nature.
The Speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit.
The Roman Catholic Church established the official canon (the Bible we know today) at the Council of Hippo in 393 A.D. Almost 400 years after the death of Christ!
Entire transmission of the Word of God which has been entrusted to the Apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Sprit.
“All Scripture is [a]inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for [b]training in righteousness”2 Timothy 3:16
Importance: Defines and explains Divine Revelation
Inspired: God Himself guided the authors who wrote the books of the Bible.
“In composing the sacred books, God chose men and while employed by Him they made use of their powers and abilities, so that with Him acting in them and through them, they, as true authors, consigned to writing everything and only those things which He wanted”
– Dei Verbum
Inerrant: the Bible does not err, it always teaches Truth.
Magisterium: The teaching office of the Church consisting of the Pope and Bishops that interprets Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition.
Infallibility: the principle that the Church cannot make an error on matters of faith due to the divine help of Christ and the Holy Spirit.
Covenant:an agreement, usually formal, between two or more persons to do or not do something specified. A bond of sacred kinship
Note: A covenant is not the same as a contract. Ex: a corporation is a contract, a marriage is a covenant.
God establishes covenant between certain individuals and/or His People (Israelites) throughout the Bible.
The Old Testament contains ancient Hebrew texts which tell of God’s covenant with His people and their history. This portion of the Bible contains books on: Law (Pentateuch), History, Wisdom, and Prophets.
The New Testament contains the Gospels (Law), Acts of the Apostles (History), Epistles (Wisdom), and Revelations (Prophecy).
Testament coming from the Greek word testiswhich means “witness.” Testament, in terms of the Bible also refers to a pact, agreement, or covenant.
“The New Testament lies hidden in the Old Testament and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New Testament” -St. Augustine
Oral Tradition allowed for the stories and teachings of Jesus to be passed along before they were written down.
-Original OT work written in Hebrew.
-Original Gospels are thought to be written in Greek. (Some scholars believe that some might have been written in Hebrew or Aramaic).
-The Epistles and Revelations were also written in Greek.