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Bullying Prevention. Engaging students in campus anti-bullying efforts . KIMBERLY NOVAK CAMPUS SAFETY AND STUDENT RISK MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST www.novaktalks.com @NovakTalks. Beyond High School: How Bullying Affects College Students http://theminaretonline.com/2011/11/16/article20374.

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Bullying prevention

Bullying Prevention

Engaging students in campus anti-bullying efforts


Kimberly novak campus safety and student risk management specialist www novaktalks com @novaktalks

KIMBERLY NOVAKCAMPUS SAFETY AND STUDENT RISK MANAGEMENT SPECIALISTwww.novaktalks.com@NovakTalks


Bullying prevention

Beyond High School: How Bullying Affects College Students

http://theminaretonline.com/2011/11/16/article20374

Bullying is defined as a sustained intimidation of a targeted person meant to humiliate and frighten the target and bystanders.


Bullying looks like other risk problems
Bullying looks like other risk “problems”

"Bullying — a form of harassment and violence — needs to be understood from a developmental, social, and educational perspective," the report reads. "The educational settings in which it occurs and where prevention and intervention are possible need to be studied and understood as potential contexts for positive change.”

American Educational Research Association

Prevention of Bullying in Schools, Colleges, and Universities


Students need to be part of the solution
Students need to be part of the solution

Theory and applied research have repeatedly stressed the importance of involving the individual, peer groups, school, family, and the community in preventing bullying (Benbenishty & Astor, 2005)


Bullying prevention

Student Involvement LOOKS LIKE…..

part ▪ ner [pahrt-ner]

a person who is involved in the process, brings something to the table, develops and supports the message, recognizes the need to address the issue and what needs to be done; needed from all levels of influence;


Strategically select students
Strategically Select Students

Research finds that most bullies in actuality are the successful, popular, outgoing people in school or work. They know how to manipulate situations. They know how to target victims without the authorities catching them. And most importantly, they lack the ability to empathize

~ Daniel Weddle, a professor from the University of Missouri-Kansas City's School of Law


What is your message
What is your message?

  • Bullying is not acceptable

  • Who to report bullying to

  • Consequences for bullying

  • Resources to access if bullied



Applying klitzner to anti bullying strategy options
Applying Klitzner to Anti: Bullying: Strategy Options

  • Ask these questions: (Klitzner)

    • Setting the context: have we made community standards clear?

    • Thinking about research/theory, what strategic changes could…

      • Make desirable behavior easier

      • Reward desirable behavior

      • Make undesirable behavior harder

      • Raise cost of undesirable behavior

      • Make the physical environment safer

10



What is happening
What is Happening?

  • Understanding bullying on your campus

    • Who is involved?

    • Where does it occur? (facilities, events, on-line, groups)

    • How often does it occur?

    • What does it look like?

    • What motivate bullies?


Bullying prevention

The researchers have found that children who bullied were often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

Fear of those that are different can be a catalyst for bullying

Organizational membership can be a catalyst for bullying


Bullying prevention

  • 60% undergrads saw peer bullying often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

  • 6.1% Victims of peer bullying

  • 4.2 % Bullied other students

  • Males are more likely to bully than women

  • No Gender or ethnic difference in bullied

  • Minority sexual orientation more likely to be bullied

All victims of bullying reported feeling safest in their dorm rooms


Bullying prevention

25% Social Networking Sites often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

21.2% Texting

16.1% Emails

45.5 % Deleted Messages

47% Laughed About

34.5% Talked to someone about it

  • College Bullying “Looks Like”

  • Gossiped about

  • Called Names

  • Excluded from class activities

  • Physically abused


What could the message be
What could the message be ? often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

  • Bullying is not acceptable

  • What Bullying looks like

  • Impact of Bullying

  • How to get help if you are being bullied

  • How to help someone you think may be a victim

  • What happens once a report is made

  • How to talk about bullying with your peers

  • Safety is everyone’s responsibility


Student voices about bystander behavior
Student Voices about Bystander often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status. Behavior

  • Shared Prejudices will be confronted

  • Students are bothered by problem behaviors

  • Students underestimate other students desire for intervention

  • Student leaders underestimate their peers desires for something to be done

  • Intervention is more likely when others are perceived as willing to intervene

    Northern State University bystander behavior in relation to problem behaviors resulting from alcohol use & University of Maine Bystander Ed Initiative


Stages of bystander behavior
Stages of Bystander Behavior often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

  • Notice the event

  • Interpret the behavior as a problem

  • Feel responsible for solving the problem

  • Possess the necessary skills to act


Bullying prevention

B = f(P,E) often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

One of the Strongest attitudinal predictors of high-risk behavior is the belief that friends approve


What are we doing
What Are We Doing? often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

  • What current efforts are you making to address acts of incivility?

  • What other campus-initiatives can you access?

  • What messages are being communicated about bullying?

  • How is your community responding to bullying?

  • What intervention opportunities exist?

  • How can we involve students in efforts?


Bullying prevention

From: ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIES, Michael Klitzner, Ph.D. often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

www.azag.gov/StopMeth/EnvironmentalStrategiesToPreventSubstanceAbuse.pdf

21


Students need to be part of the solution1
Students need to be part of the solution often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

Theory and applied research have repeatedly stressed the importance of involving the individual, peer groups, school, family, and the community in preventing bullying (Benbenishty & Astor, 2005)


Resources
Resources often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.

American Educational Research Association

  • http://www.aera.net/Portals/38/docs/News%20Release/Prevention%20of%20Bullying%20in%20Schools,%20Colleges%20and%20Universities.pdf

    Beyond High School: How Bullying Affects College Students

  • http://theminaretonline.com/2011/11/16/article20374

    Bullying in College By Students and Teachers

  • http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/13335640/bullying-college-by-students-teachers

    The Knowledge and Prevalence of Cyberbullying in a College Sample

  • http://www.psyencelab.com/images/The_Knowledge_and_Prevalence_of_Cyberbullying_in_a_College_Sample.pdf

    ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIES, Michael Klitzner, Ph.D.

  • www.azag.gov/StopMeth/EnvironmentalStrategiesToPreventSubstanceAbuse.pdf


Questions
Questions often motivated by a desire to increase their popularity and that they chose generally unpopular victims to avoid losing social status.