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Verb Notebook. Advanced Spanish. Set up - Name. On the inside of the front cover in the upper left hand corner write your name, class, and hour like this: Mendy “Guadalupe” Colbert Advanced Spanish B1. Section 1 – Verb list.

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verb notebook

Verb Notebook

Advanced Spanish

set up name
Set up - Name
  • On the inside of the front cover in the upper left hand corner write your name, class, and hour like this:
    • Mendy “Guadalupe” Colbert
    • Advanced Spanish
    • B1
section 1 verb list
Section 1 – Verb list
  • * the verbs are not in alphabetical order. We will add to this list as needed.
    • Write the Spanish verbs in a column on the left side of the page.
    • Number the verbs in the left hand margin.
    • Look up the meaning of the verbs and write them in a column on the right.
    • Turn the page to start section 2.
verb list
Verb List
  • Hablar To speak, to talk

2. Comer To eat

3. Vivir To live

Continue with the rest of the verbs

section 2 index of tenses
Section 2 – Index of Tenses
  • In this section we will describe how to form each tense and what it is used for. We will add to this section as we go.
    • Title the page Index of Tenses
    • Write “Present Tense” On the first line and number it 1 with a circle around it.
    • Turn a several pages to make room for the tenses, and then start Section 3.
index of tenses
Index of Tenses
  • Present tense
section 3 conjugated verbs
Section 3 – Conjugated verbs
    • In the upper right hand corner of the page write “1”- these numbers should correspond with the numbers on the verb list.
    • On the top line on the left write the Spanish infinitive. On the right side, write the English meaning.
    • On the first line in the left hand margin write the number 1 with a circle around it. – This number will correspond with the index of tenses.
  • Turn to the next page and repeat the steps for verb 2 and so on.
slide8
1

Hablar

To talk, to speak

1.

verbs
Verbs

tocar

Aprender

Tener

Querer

comenzar

dormir

poder

poner

Salir

hacer

traer

Venir

Saber

conocer

lavarse

acostarse

divertirse

andar

decir

pedir

seguir

oír

  • Hablar
  • Comer
  • Vivir
  • Ser
  • Estar
  • Ir
  • Dar
  • Ver
  • leer
  • Pagar
present tense verbs

Present tense verbs

Explanation and conjugations

present tense notes
Present tense Notes
  • Present tense

A verb is a word that expresses an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. All Spanish verbs belong to one of three categories, according to the infinitive, -ar, -er, or –ir verbs.

How to form regular verbs:

1: drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir)

2: add the appropriate present tense endings to match the subject.

-ar verb endings -er endings -ir endings

o

amos

o

emos

o

imos

as

áis

es

éis

es

ís

a

an

e

en

e

en

continuation of notes
Continuation of notes

When to use it

  • The present tense forms of Spanish verbs express both the English present tense (I walk) and the English present progressive (I am walking).
  • Spanish Present tense forms also include the auxiliary verb do/does that English uses in questions and negative sentences. Do/does are not expressed in Spanish before another verb
continuation of notes1
Continuation of notes
  • Indicates:

A) an action or state of being at the present time.

Examples:

1. Hablo español

      • I speak Spanish, I am speaking Spanish, I do speak Spanish

2. Creo en Dios

      • I believe in God
continuation of notes2
Continuation of notes

B) Habitual action

Example:

Voy a la bibliotecatodos los días

I go to the library every day

I do go to the library every day.

C). A general truth, something which is permanently true

Examples :

1) Seismenos dos soncuatro.

Six minus two are four

2) El ejerciciohace maestro al novicio.

Practice makes perfect.

continuation of notes3
Continuation of notes

D) Vividness when talking about past events.

Example:

El asesinose pone pálido. Tienemiedo. Sale de la casa y corre a lo largo del río.

The murderer turns pale. He is afraid. He goes out of the house and runs along the river.

e) A near future.

Examples:

1. Mi hermanollegamañana.

My brother arrives tomorrow.

2. ¿Escuchamos un disco ahora?

Shall we listen to a record now?

continuation of notes4
Continuation of notes
  • Types of irregular verbs
    • -oy verbs (aka bizzaro verbs)- These verbs are irregular in the yo form (and possibly other forms). The yo form ends in “oy”
      • Examples: ser, ir, dar, estar (best to just memorize these verbs and their forms)
    • Stem changers (aka shoe verbs) –
      • These verbs have a change in the stem (what’s left after removing the –ar, -er, or –ir)
      • There are 4 types:
        • e-ie (tener, querer, comenzar, etc.)
        • e-I (decir, pedir,seguir etc.)
        • o-ue (dormir, poder, etc.)
        • u-ue (jugar)

Steps to form them:

1: Chopsuey

2: Switch-a-roonie

3: schmoosh

continuation of notes5
Continuation of notes
    • “-go” verbs (aka sneaky G verbs) – These verbs are irregular in the yo form (and possibly other forms). The yo form ends in “go”
      • Examples: poner, salir, hacer, traer, venir, decir, oír, seguir
  • Another type of verbs
    • Reflexives
    • A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. In other words, when the subject does something to himself.
    • When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se."
continuation of notes6
Continuation of notes
  • To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need a different set of pronouns called "reflexive pronouns." These pronouns are positioned before the verb, while the ending "se" is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally.
  • The reflexive pronouns are not subject pronouns; rather they are object pronouns.
  • The purpose of the reflexive object pronouns is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject.
continuation of notes7
Continuation of notes

nos (ourselves)os (yourselves)se (themselves, yourselves)

  • me (myself)te (yourself)se (himself, herself, yourself)
  • To conjugate a reflexive verb:
  • Remove the “se”
  • Rearrange – move the “se” to the front of the verb
  • Make a change – change the “se” to match the subject
  • Chopsuey – remove the –ar,-er, or –ir
  • Switch-a-roonie – make a stem change if necessary
  • Schmoosh – add the correct ending to match the subject

(yo)

me

Lav

ar

o

se

(tú)

te

ac

ue

o

st

ar

as

se

continuation of notes8
Continuation of notes
  • When two verbs are used together, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is left in the infinitive form. (big brother-little brother verbs)
    • Example:
      • I want to eat. Quiero comer.
  • When the 2nd verb is reflexive, change the “se” to match the subject, but leave it at the end of the verb.
    • Example:
      • I need to go to bed Necesito acostarme
slide22
1

Hablar

To talk, to speak

Hablo

Hablamos

1.

Hablas

Habláis

Habla

Hablan

slide23
2

comer

To eat

Como

comemos

1.

comes

coméis

come

comen

slide24
3

vivir

To live

vivo

vivimos

1.

vives

vivís

vive

viven

slide25
4

ser

To be

soy

somos

1.

eres

sois

es

son

slide26
5

Estar

To be

Estoy

Estamos

1.

Estás

Estáis

Está

Están

slide27
6

ir

To go

voy

vamos

1.

vas

vais

va

van

slide28
7

dar

To give, to throw(a party)

doy

damos

1.

das

dais

da

dan

slide29
8

ver

To see

veo

vemos

1.

ves

véis

ve

ven

slide30
9

leer

To read

leo

leemos

1.

lees

leéis

lee

leen

slide31
10

pagar

To pay

pago

pagamos

1.

pagas

pagáis

paga

pagan

slide32
11

tocar

To touch, to play (an instrument)

toco

tocamos

1.

tocas

tocáis

toca

tocan

slide33
12

aprender

To learn

aprendo

aprendemos

1.

aprendes

aprendéis

aprende

aprenden

slide34
13

tener

To have

tengo

tenemos

1.

tienes

tenéis

tiene

tienen

slide35
14

querer

To want, to wish,

To love

quiero

queremos

1.

quieres

queréis

quieren

quiere

slide36
15

comenzar

To begin

comienzo

comenzamos

1.

comienzas

comenzáis

comienza

comienzan

slide37
16

dormir

To sleep

duermo

dormimos

1.

duermes

dormís

duerme

duermen

slide38
17

poder

To be able to, can

puedo

podemos

1.

Podéis

puedes

puede

pueden

slide39
18

poner

To put, to place

pongo

ponemos

1.

pones

ponéis

pone

ponen

slide40
19

salir

To leave, to go out

salgo

salimos

1.

sales

salís

sale

salen

slide41
20

hacer

To do, to make

hago

hacemos

1.

haces

hacéis

hace

hacen

slide42
21

traer

To bring

traigo

traemos

1.

traes

traéis

trae

traen

slide43
22

Venir

To come

Vengo

Venimos

1.

Vienes

Venís

viene

vienen

slide44
23

saber

To know

sabemos

1.

sabes

sabéis

sabe

saben

slide45
24

conocer

To know, to be familiar with

conozco

conocemos

1.

conoces

conocéis

conoce

conocen

slide46
25

Lavarse

To wash one’s self

Me lavo

Nos lavamos

1.

Te lavas

Os laváis

Se lava

Se lavan

slide47
26

acostarse

To go to bed

Me acuesto

Nos acostamos

1.

Te acuestas

Os acostáis

Se acuesta

Se acuestan

slide48
27

divertirse

To enjoy one’s self,

To have a good time

me divierto

nos divertimos

1.

te diviertes

os divertís

se divierte

se divierten

slide49
28

To walk

andar

ando

andamos

1.

andas

andáis

anda

andan

slide50
29

decir

To say, to tell

digo

decimos

1.

dices

decís

dice

dicen

slide51
30

pedir

To ask for, to request

pido

pedimos

1.

pides

pedís

pide

piden

slide52
31

seguir

To follow, to continue

seguimos

sigo

1.

sigues

seguís

sigue

siguen

slide53
31

oír

To hear

oigo

oímos

1.

oyes

oís

oye

oyen